gratus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*gʷerH-

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷr̥Htos, *gʷerH- ‎(to welcome, greet, praise). Cognates include Sanskrit गृणाति ‎(gṛṇā́ti, to praise), Old Church Slavonic жрьти ‎(žrĭti) and Old Prussian girtwei ‎(to praise).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

grātus m ‎(feminine grāta, neuter grātum); first/second declension

  1. pleasing, acceptable, agreeable, welcome
  2. dear, beloved
  3. grateful, thankful

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative grātus grāta grātum grātī grātae grāta
genitive grātī grātae grātī grātōrum grātārum grātōrum
dative grātō grātō grātīs
accusative grātum grātam grātum grātōs grātās grāta
ablative grātō grātā grātō grātīs
vocative grāte grāta grātum grātī grātae grāta

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • gratus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • gratus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to do any one a (great) favour: gratum (gratissimum) alicui facere
    • gratitude: gratus (opp. ingratus) animus
    • to show a thankful appreciation of a person's kindness: grata memoria aliquem prosequi
    • to think of a person with a grateful sense of his goodness: nomen alicuius grato animo prosequi
    • to retain a (most) pleasant impression of a person: gratam (gratissimam) alicuius memoriam retinere