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From Proto-Italic *gʷrātos, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷr̥H-tó-s, from *gʷerH- (to welcome, greet, praise).[1]

Cognates include Sanskrit गृणाति (gṛṇā́ti, to praise) and गूर्त (gūrtá, pleasing, agreeable, welcome), Old Church Slavonic жрьти (žrĭti) and Old Prussian girtwei (to praise).



grātus (feminine grāta, neuter grātum, comparative grātior, superlative grātissimus, adverb grātē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. pleasing, acceptable, agreeable, welcome
  2. dear, beloved
  3. grateful, thankful


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative grātus grāta grātum grātī grātae grāta
Genitive grātī grātae grātī grātōrum grātārum grātōrum
Dative grātō grātō grātīs
Accusative grātum grātam grātum grātōs grātās grāta
Ablative grātō grātā grātō grātīs
Vocative grāte grāta grātum grātī grātae grāta

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Catalan: grat
  • French: gré
  • Italian: grado, grato
  • Occitan: grat, agrat
  • Portuguese: grado, grato
  • Spanish: grado, grato


  • gratus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gratus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gratus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • gratus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to do any one a (great) favour: gratum (gratissimum) alicui facere
    • gratitude: gratus (opp. ingratus) animus
    • to show a thankful appreciation of a person's kindness: grata memoria aliquem prosequi
    • to think of a person with a grateful sense of his goodness: nomen alicuius grato animo prosequi
    • to retain a (most) pleasant impression of a person: gratam (gratissimam) alicuius memoriam retinere
  • gratus”, in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “grātus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 271-2