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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English heelden, helden, from Old English hieldan, heldan ‎(to lean, incline, slope, force downwards, bow or bend down), from Proto-Germanic *halþijaną ‎(to bend, incline, pour, empty), from Proto-Indo-European *kel- ‎(to tilt, tip, incline). Cognate with Dutch hellen ‎(to incline), Low German hellen ‎(to incline), Middle High German helden ‎(to incline), Danish hælde ‎(to tilt, lean, slant, slope), Swedish hälla ‎(to tilt, pour), Icelandic halla ‎(incline, lean sideways, heel over), Icelandic hella ‎(to pur). See also heel.


hield ‎(third-person singular simple present hields, present participle hielding, simple past and past participle hielded)

  1. (transitive) To bend; incline; tilt (as a water-vessel or ship); heel.
  2. (transitive) To pour out; pour.
  3. (transitive) To throw; cast; put.
  4. (intransitive) To bow; bend; incline; tilt or cant over.
  5. (intransitive) To decline; sink; go down.
  6. (intransitive) To yield; give way; surrender.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English held, from Old English hielde ‎(slope, declivity), from Proto-Germanic *halþijōn, *halþijō ‎(inclination, slope), from Proto-Indo-European *kel- ‎(to tilt, tip, incline). Cognate with German Halde ‎(slope), Danish hæld ‎(an incline, slope).


hield ‎(plural hields)

  1. An inclination; a cant.
  2. (Britain dialectal) An incline; slope.
  3. A decline; decrease; wane.





  1. singular past indicative of houden