houden

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch halden, houden, from Old Dutch haldan, from Proto-Germanic *haldaną. Cognate with Low German holden, holen, West Frisian hâlde, English hold, German halten, Danish holde, Swedish hålla.

Verb[edit]

houden ‎(past singular hield, past participle gehouden)

  1. (transitive) to keep (in a particular state)
    Je moet je tanden goed schoon houden.
    You should keep your teeth properly clean.
    Ik kan mijn ogen niet meer open houden.
    I can't keep my eyes open anymore.
    Hou je handen thuis!
    Keep your hands off!
  2. (transitive, of animals) to keep, to care for
    Ik wil graag varkens houden, maar dat mag niet.
    I would like to keep pigs, but I'm not allowed.
  3. (clarification of this Dutch definition is being sought) (transitive) to hold
    een gesprek houden
    to hold a conversation
  4. (transitive) to hold, to have, to organise (an event)
    Ik hou morgen een feest, kom je ook?
    I'm having a party tomorrow, are you coming too?
    In Parijs werd in 2015 een belangrijke conferentie gehouden over het klimaat.
    In Paris, an important conference was held in 2015 about climate.

Conjugation[edit]

Inflection of houden (strong class 7, slightly irregular)
infinitive houden
past singular hield
past participle gehouden
infinitive houden
gerund houden n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular hou, houd hield
2nd person sing. (jij) houdt hield
2nd person sing. (u) houdt hield
2nd person sing. (gij) houdt hieldt
3rd person singular houdt hield
plural houden hielden
subjunctive sing.1 houde hielde
subjunctive plur.1 houden hielden
imperative sing. hou, houd
imperative plur.1 houdt
participles houdend gehouden
1) Archaic.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *holdan, *haldan, from Proto-Germanic *haldaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

houden

  1. to hold
  2. to keep

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]