heel

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See also: Heel, hééł, and ȟeel

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hele, heel, from Old English hēla, from Proto-Germanic *hanhilaz (compare North Frisian hael, Dutch hiel, Danish and Norwegian hæl, Swedish häl), diminutive of Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (hock), equivalent to hock +‎ -le. More at hock.

Noun[edit]

heel (plural heels)

A girl's heel
heel of the hand
Heel of a loaf of rye bread
  1. (anatomy) The rear part of the foot, where it joins the leg.
    • 1709, John Denham, Coopers-Hill
      He [the stag] calls to mind his strength and then his speed, / His winged heels and then his armed head.
  2. The part of a shoe's sole which supports the foot's heel.
  3. The rear part of a sock or similar covering for the foot.
  4. The part of the palm of a hand closest to the wrist.
    He drove the heel of his hand into the man's nose.
  5. (usually in the plural) A woman's high-heeled shoe.
    • 2008, Kwame Shauku, Wonderful Williams and the Magnificent Seven, page 257:
      She'd been wearing heels, and fell backward off her right heel and twisted or broke her ankle.
    • 2011, Candace Irvine, A Dangerous Engagement:
      Opting to improve her odds of making it up the stairs and into the privacy of her room, she kicked off her left heel, and then her right before leaning down to scoop them up.
    • 2015, Alex Blackmore, Killing Eva:
      Flat shoes. As she pushed off her left heel and pressed the sole of her foot to the cold floor she looked forward to them.
  6. (firearms) The back, upper part of the stock.
  7. The last or lowest part of anything.
    the heel of a mast
    the heel of a vessel
    • 1860, Anthony Trollope, Framley Parsonage
      And then again the sportsmen would move at an undertaker's pace, when the fox had traversed and the hounds would be at a loss to know which was the hunt and which was the heel
  8. (US, Ireland, Australia) A crust end-piece of a loaf of bread.
  9. (US) The base of a bun sliced in half lengthwise.
    • 1996, Ester Reiter, Making Fast Food: From the Frying Pan Into the Fryer, page 100:
      The bottom half, or the bun heel is placed in the carton, and the pickle slices spread evenly over the meat or cheese.
  10. A contemptible, unscrupulous, inconsiderate or thoughtless person.
    • 1953, Raymond Chandler, The Long Goodbye, Chapter 29:
      I grinned at him sneeringly. I was the heel to end all heels. Wait until the man is down, then kick him and kick him again. He's weak. He can't resist or kick back.
  11. (slang, professional wrestling) A headlining wrestler regarded as a "bad guy," whose ring persona embodies villainous or reprehensible traits and demonstrates characteristics of a braggart and a bully.
    • 1992, Bruce Lincoln, Discourse and the Construction of Society, page 158:
      Freedman began his analysis by noting two important facts about professional wrestling: First, that heels triumph considerably more often than do babyfaces []
  12. (card games) The cards set aside for later use in a patience or solitaire game.
  13. Anything resembling a human heel in shape; a protuberance; a knob.
  14. (architecture) The lower end of a timber in a frame, as a post or rafter.
  15. (specifically, US) The obtuse angle of the lower end of a rafter set sloping.
  16. (architecture, workman slang) A cyma reversa.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gwilt to this entry?)
  17. (carpentry) The short side of an angled cut.
  18. (golf) The part of a club head's face nearest the shaft.
  19. The lower end of the bit (cutting edge) of an axehead; as opposed to the toe (upper end).
  20. In a carding machine, the part of a flat nearest the cylinder.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (headlining wrestler): babyface
  • (angled cut in carpentry): toe
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

heel (third-person singular simple present heels, present participle heeling, simple past and past participle heeled)

  1. To follow at somebody's heels; to chase closely.
    She called to her dog to heel.
  2. To add a heel to, or increase the size of the heel of (a shoe or boot).
  3. To kick with the heel.
  4. (transitive) To perform by the use of the heels, as in dancing, running, etc.
  5. (transitive) To arm with a gaff, as a cock for fighting.
  6. (golf, transitive) To hit (the ball) with the heel of the club.
  7. (American football, transitive) To make (a fair catch) standing with one foot forward, the heel on the ground and the toe up.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably inferred from the past tense of hield, from Middle English heelden, from Old English hyldan, hieldan (to incline), cognate with Old Norse hella (to pour out) (whence Danish hælde (lean, pour)).

Verb[edit]

heel (third-person singular simple present heels, present participle heeling, simple past and past participle heeled)

  1. (chiefly nautical) To incline to one side; to tilt. [from 16th c.]
    • 1764, John Nourse, Navigation Or, the Art of Sailing Upon the Sea, page 65:
      The faster a ship sails, the better she will answer her helm; if she sail very slow, she will scarce steer at all. If she heel much, she won't answer the helm so well.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

heel (plural heels)

  1. (nautical) The act of inclining or canting from a vertical position; a cant. [from 17th c.]
    • 1808–10, William Hickey, Memoirs of a Georgian Rake, Folio Society 1995, p. 14:
      [T]he boat, from a sudden gust of wind, taking a deep heel, I tumbled overboard and down I went [] .
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See hele (conceal, keep secret, cover).

Verb[edit]

heel (third-person singular simple present heels, present participle heeling, simple past and past participle heeled)

  1. (rare, now especially in the phrase "heel in") Alternative form of hele (cover; conceal).
    • 1911, Biennial Report of the State Geologist, North Carolina Geological Survey Section, page 92:
      They should be dug up with a sharp mattock or grub hoe, the roots being broken as little as possible, and they should be heeled in a a cool place and protected from the sun until ready to plant. When lifted for planting from the trench in which heeled the roots should be kept covered with a wet sack.
    • 1913, Indian School Journal, page 142:
      In the late fall the seedlings may be dug and heeled in very closely until all the leaves have dropped.
    • 1916, Transactions of the Indiana Horticultural Society, page 111:
      Member: Did you water the trees when you set them out?
      Walter Vonnegut: No; I heeled the trees in as soon as they were received.
    • 1937, Robert Wilson, Ernest John George, Planting and care of shelterbelts on the northern Great Plains, page 15:
      If trees are received from the nursery in the fall, they should be carefully heeled in until the planting season opens in the spring.
    • 1976, Keith W. Dorman, The Genetics and Breeding of Southern Pines, page 66:
      Place seedlings in the trench. Small-stemmed seedlings may be heeled-in in bunches of 25, but large seedlings should be heeled-in loose.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Brian Kerr, Lodge St Lawrence 144 Ritual, page 34:
      [I] of my own free will and accord, do hereby, here at and hereon, solemnly swear that I will always heel, conceal and never improperly reveal any of the secrets or mysteries of, or belonging to [the Masons].

Anagrams[edit]


Afar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

héel m 

  1. cardamom

References[edit]

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis), page 84

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch hêel, from Old Dutch hēl, from Proto-West Germanic *hail, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz.

Adjective[edit]

heel (comparative heler, superlative heelst)

  1. complete, full, whole
  2. unbroken, undamaged, untarnished
  3. big, enormous, significant
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of heel
uninflected heel
inflected hele
comparative heler
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial heel heler het heelst
het heelste
indefinite m./f. sing. hele helere heelste
n. sing. heel heler heelste
plural hele helere heelste
definite hele helere heelste
partitive heels helers
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

heel

  1. very
Usage notes[edit]

Although an adverb, heel may be inflected as well (hele) to match the following adjective, by analogy with the inflection of adjectives in Dutch. This can, however, only be done when the adjective is inflected as well.

For example, both of these sentences are correct:

  • Dat is een heel grote boom.
    That is a very large tree.
  • Dat is een hele grote boom.
    That is a very large tree.

But of the following sentences, only the first one is correct:

  • Dat is een heel groot huis.
    That is a very large house.
  • *Dat is een hele groot huis.
    That is a very large house.

The form with "hele" may be regarded as informal and less appropriate for formal writing.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

heel

  1. first-person singular present indicative of helen
  2. imperative of helen

Anagrams[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Verb[edit]

heel

  1. second-person singular imperative of heelen

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch hēl, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz.

Adjective[edit]

hêel

  1. whole, full
  2. undamaged, unbroken
  3. healthy, healed
  4. honest, sincere, pure

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: heel

Further reading[edit]