- (UK) IPA(key): /hɒk/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (US) IPA(key): /hɑk/
- Rhymes: -ɒk
- Homophone: hawk (accents with cot-caught merger)
- A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still, from the Hochheim region; often applied to all Rhenish wines.
- Synonym: Hochheimer
- 1938, Norman Lindsay, Age of Consent, Sydney: Ure Smith, published 1962, page 158:
- The dinner that they sat down to in the fly-specked dining-room was of boiled beef and carrots, with a turgid ginger pudding to follow, though Grierson went down to the cellar himself and found some dusty bottles of hock, overlooked for years because there was no demand for it in a beer-drinking community.
From Middle English hough, hoche, hokke, from Old English hōh, from Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (compare West Frisian hakke, Dutch hak, German Low German Hack), from Proto-Indo-European *kenk- (compare Lithuanian kìnka (“leg, thigh, knee-cap”), kenklė̃ (“knee-cap”), Sanskrit कङ्काल (kaṅkāla, “skeleton”)).
hock (plural hocks)
- The tarsal joint of a digitigrade quadruped, such as a horse, pig or dog.
- Meat from that part of a food animal.
- Pawn, obligation as collateral for a loan.
- He needed $750 to get his guitar out of hock at the pawnshop.
- 2012 April 25, Patty Murphy, “Business bulletin”, in Associated Press, page 10A:
- But Ford Motor Co. needs another agency, either Standard & Poor's or Moody's, to make the same upgrade before it can get its blue oval logo, factories and other assets out of hock.
- They were in hock to the bank for $35 million.
- Installment purchase.
- 2007, Tara Hanks, The Mmm Girl: Marilyn Monroe, by Herself, page 28:
- Later, Uncle Doc bought a couch on hock, then a bed.
From Yiddish האַק (hak), imperative singular form of האַקן (hakn, “to knock”), from the idiomatic expression האַק מיר נישט קיין טשײַניק (hak mir nisht keyn tshaynik, “don't knock a teakettle at me”).
Variant of hack; from Middle English hacken, hakken, from Old English *haccian ("to hack"; attested in tōhaccian (“to hack to pieces”)), from Proto-Germanic *hakkōną (“to chop; hoe; hew”), from Proto-Indo-European *keg-, *keng- (“to be sharp; peg; hook; handle”).
- To cough heavily, especially causing uvular frication.
hock (plural hocks)