- (UK) IPA(key): /hɒk/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (US) IPA(key): /hɑk/
- Rhymes: -ɒk, -ɑk
- Homophone: hawk (accents with cot-caught merger)
- A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still, from the Hochheim region; often applied to all Rhenish wines.
- Synonym: Hochheimer
From Middle English hoch, hough, hocke, from Old English hōh, from Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (compare West Frisian hakke, Dutch hak, German Low German Hack), from Proto-Indo-European *kenk (compare Lithuanian kìnka (“leg, thigh, knee-cap”), kenklė̃ (“knee-cap”), Sanskrit कङ्काल (kaṅkāla, “skeleton”)).
hock (plural hocks)
- The tarsal joint of a digitigrade quadruped, such as a horse, pig or dog.
- Meat from that part of a food animal.
- Pawn, obligation as collateral for a loan.
- He needed $750 to get his guitar out of hock at the pawnshop.
- 2012 April 25, Patty Murphy, “Business bulletin”, in Associated Press, page 10A:
- But Ford Motor Co. needs another agency, either Standard & Poor's or Moody's, to make the same upgrade before it can get its blue oval logo, factories and other assets out of hock.
- They were in hock to the bank for $35 million.
- Installment purchase.
- 2007, Tara Hanks, The Mmm Girl: Marilyn Monroe, by Herself, page 28:
- Later, Uncle Doc bought a couch on hock, then a bed.
From Yiddish האַק (hak), imperative singular form of האַקן (hakn, “to knock”), from the idiomatic expression האַק מיר נישט קיין טשײַניק (hak mir nisht keyn tshaynik, “don't knock a teakettle at me”)
Variant of hack; from Middle English hacken, hakken, from Old English *haccian ("to hack"; attested in tōhaccian (“to hack to pieces”)), from Proto-Germanic *hakkōną (“to chop; hoe; hew”), from Proto-Indo-European *keg-, *keng- (“to be sharp; peg; hook; handle”).
- To cough heavily, especially causing uvular frication.