calx

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin calx (lime).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

calx (plural calxes or calces)

  1. (archaic) The substance which remains after a metal or mineral has been thoroughly burnt, seen as being the essential substance left after the expulsion of phlogiston.
  2. (Now recognised as being) the oxide left after calcination of a metal.
  3. calcium oxide
  4. In the Eton College wall game, an area at the end of the field where a shy can be scored by lifting the ball against the wall with one's foot.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from Ancient Greek χάλιξ (khálix, pebble).

Noun[edit]

calx f (genitive calcis); third declension

  1. limestone
  2. chalk
  3. the finish line
Declension[edit]

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
nominative calx calcēs
genitive calcis calcium
dative calcī calcibus
accusative calcem calcēs
ablative calce calcibus
vocative calx calcēs
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of uncertain origin, with possibilities including:

Noun[edit]

calx f (genitive calcis); third declension

  1. (anatomy) heel (of the foot)
Declension[edit]

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
nominative calx calcēs
genitive calcis calcium
dative calcī calcibus
accusative calcem calcēs
ablative calce calcibus
vocative calx calcēs
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • (limestone) calx in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • (heel) calx in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • calx in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • calx in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • calx in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill