calx

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Latin calx (lime). Doublet of chalk.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

calx (plural calxes or calces)

  1. (now chiefly historical) The substance which remains after a metal or mineral has been thoroughly burnt, once seen as being the essential substance left after the expulsion of phlogiston, but now recognised as being the metallic oxide (or, in some cases, the metal in a state of sublimation).
    • 2004, Robert E Schofield, The Enlightened Joseph Priestley, Pennsylvania State University 2004, p. 179:
      The regeneration of mercury from its calx, without addition of any other substance, had been a chief example for anti-phlogiston, but that could, as Kirwan showed, be explained in a way consistent with phlogiston theory.
  2. In the Eton College wall game, an area at the end of the field where a shy can be scored by lifting the ball against the wall with one's foot.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from Ancient Greek χάλιξ (khálix, pebble).

Noun[edit]

calx f (genitive calcis); third declension

  1. limestone
  2. chalk
  3. the finish line
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative calx calcēs
Genitive calcis calcium
Dative calcī calcibus
Accusative calcem calcēs
calcīs
Ablative calce calcibus
Vocative calx calcēs
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of uncertain origin, with possibilities including:

Noun[edit]

calx f (genitive calcis); third declension

  1. (anatomy) heel (of the foot)
    Synonym: tālus
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative calx calcēs
Genitive calcis calcium
Dative calcī calcibus
Accusative calcem calcēs
calcīs
Ablative calce calcibus
Vocative calx calcēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]