phlogiston

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See also: Phlogiston

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin phlogiston, coined by Stahl in 1702, from Ancient Greek φλογιστόν ‎(phlogistón), neuter of φλογιστός ‎(phlogistós, burnt up, inflammable), from φλογίζω ‎(phlogízō, to set fire to), from φλόξ ‎(phlóx, flame).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /flə(ʊ)ˈdʒɪstɒn/

Noun[edit]

phlogiston ‎(usually uncountable, plural phlogistons)

  1. (chemistry, historical) The hypothetical fiery principle formerly assumed to be a necessary constituent of combustible bodies and to be given up by them in burning.
    • 2006, Philip Ball, The Devil's Doctor, Arrow 2007, p. 397:
      Stahl argued that phlogiston could explain combustion, a central concern of eighteenth-century chemistry.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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