obtuse

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The angle marked β is obtuse (sense 4) as it is greater than 90° but less than 180°

From Middle French obtus (obtuse (geometry); narrow-minded, obtuse; boring, dull, lifeless), from Latin obtūsus (blunt, dull; obtuse), past participle of obtundere, from obtundō (to batter, beat, strike; to blunt, dull), from ob- (prefix meaning against) (see ob-) + tundō (to beat, strike; to bruise, crush, pound) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewd-, from *(s)tew- (to hit; to push)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /əbˈtjuːs/, /-ˈtʃuːs/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /əbˈt(j)us/, /ɑb-/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːs
  • Hyphenation: ob‧tuse

Adjective[edit]

obtuse (comparative obtuser or more obtuse, superlative obtusest or most obtuse)

  1. (now chiefly botany, zoology) Blunt; not sharp, pointed, or acute in form.
    • 1670, Francis Lord Verulam, Viscount St. Alban [Francis Bacon], “Century VIII”, in Sylva Sylvarum, or, A Natural History, in Ten Centuries: Whereunto is Newly Added, the History Natural and Experimental of [Life] and Death, or of the Prolongation of Life. […], 9th and last edition, London: William Rawley, OCLC 42391224, paragraph 766, page 161:
      For we see a Feather or a Rush drawn along the Lip or Cheek, doth tickle; whereas a thing more obtuse, or a touch more hard, doth not.
    • 1817, William Cowper, The Task, London: John Sharpe, page 58:
      See then the quiver broken and decay'd, / In which are kept our arrows! Rusting there / In wild disorder, and unfit for use, / […] Their points obtuse, and feathers drunk with wine!
    • 1932, Ernest Bramah, chapter XV, in The Moon of Much Gladness: Related by Kai Lung, London: Cassell and Co., OCLC 51025099; republished [s.l.]: Read Books, 2013, →ISBN, section IV:
      Yet you do not brighten what would otherwise be dull, impart a keenness to the obtusest point, and diffuse a general lustre?
    1. (botany, zoology) Blunt, or rounded at the extremity.
    2. (geometry, specifically, of an angle) One that is larger than one and smaller than two right angles, or more than 90° and less than 180°.
      • 1623, Charles Butler, “Of the Hiues, and the Dressing of Them”, in The Feminine Monarchie: or, The Historie of Bees: Shewing Their Admirable Nature, and Properties, Their Generation, and Colonies, Their Gouernment, Loyaltie, Art, Industrie, Enemies, Warres, Magnanimitie, &c. […], London, OCLC 63334619, chapter 3, section 11, footnote c; republished Mytholmroyd, U.K.: Northern Bee Books, 1985:
        If you put foure Spleets in a Hiue, then cut their backes, where they must leane one against another, to square angles, such as be foure in a circle: if but three, cut them to obtuse angles, such as are three in a circle: (you may readily try them, before you put them in, by Moulds made iust to those formes) and so will they stand close and firme together.
      • 1641, “The Columnes. The Fourth Part of the Second Day of the II. Weeke”, in Alexander B. Grosart, editor, The Complete Works of Joshua Sylvester: For the First Time Collected and Edited […], Edinburgh Univ. Press, published 1880, lines 198–203, page 156:
        More-over, as the Buildings Ambligon / May more receive then Mansions Oxigon / (Because th' acute, and the rect-Angles too, / Stride not so wide as obtuse Angles doe) / So doth the Circle in his Circuit span / More room then any other Figure can.
      • 1877, Ch[arles] Couche; James N. Shoolbred, transl., “Special Points in the Permanent Way”, in Permanent Way Rolling Stock and Technical Working of Railways. Followed by an Appendix on Works of Art, volume I, London: Dulau & Co., 37, Soho Square; Paris: Dunod, 49, Quai des Augustins, OCLC 58932800, § XIV (Rail-crossings), paragraph 258, page 316:
        Obtuse angles of the through crossing. — The system of the two obtuse-angled points is especially termed the dead-crossing. [] The point itself, less liable to damage than that of the crossing proper, on account of its obtuse form and its position relatively to the wheels, acts the same part towards the tapered portion of the cut rail, as the wing-rail does with respect to the acute-angle of the crossing.
      • 1922, May Sinclair, “Space, Time and Other Consciousnesses”, in The New Idealism, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company, OCLC 558287, section v, pages 255–256:
        If he is standing close beside me I know that our separate axes of vision will meet at an acute angle in the centre of his object, and if we are further apart, at an obtuser angle.
    3. (geometry, by ellipsis) Obtuse-angled, having an obtuse angle.
      • 2013, Edward J. Barbeau, “Probability and Statistics”, in More Fallacies, Flaws, and Flimflam (Spectrum Series), Washington, D.C.: Mathematical Association of America, →ISBN, page 128:
        Unless lies in that part of a semi-infinite strip bounded by outside a semi-circle of diameter , the triangle is obtuse, so that the probability of getting an obtuse triangle is equal to 1.
  2. Intellectually dull or dim-witted.
    • 1613, [Robert Anton], Moriomachia[1], imprinted at London: By Simon Stafford, OCLC 800723901, archived from the original on 14 January 2018:
      It was a merry time with Carrmen, Watermen, & Porters: for in this Eclipſe, many of them did nothing but drinke, domineere, and ſwagger in Alehouſes; but the often going to and fro of the Pot, made them talke of that, which they had nothing to doe withall, and many times their obtuſe apprehenſions would be medling with the warres betwixt the great Turke and Preſter Iohn, how it was likely to end; []
    • 1848, William Makepeace Thackeray, Vanity Fair, Chapter 21:
      When the elder Osborne gave what he called "a hint," there was no possibility for the most obtuse to mistake his meaning. He called kicking a footman downstairs a hint to the latter to leave his service.
    • 2017 March 27, “The Observer view on triggering article 50: As Britain hurtles towards the precipice, truth and democracy are in short supply [editorial]”, in The Observer[2], London, archived from the original on 30 August 2017:
      Be you a Remainer or a Leaver, you would have to be particularly obtuse not to see that [Theresa] May's hard Tory Brexit will cost this country and its families more than it can conceivably afford.
  3. Of sound, etc.: deadened, muffled, muted.
    • 1661, Robert Lovell, “Dynamilogia Pharmaceutica. Or The Whole Use, of All Simples and Compounds Contained in the London Dispensatory, with the Diseases Cured by Them in Alphabetical Order: Together with the Doses and Formes of All Kinds of Remedies.”, in ΠΑΝΖΩΟΡΥΚΤΟΛΟΓΙΑ [PANZŌORYKTOLOGIA]. Sive Panzoologicomineralogia. Or a Compleat History of Animals and Minerals, Containing the Summe of All Authors, both Ancient and Modern, Galenicall and Chymicall, [...], Oxford: Printed by Hen[ry] Hall, for Jos[eph] Godwin, OCLC 79920846, page 517:
      The ſenſe of the inteſtines, if exquiſite, wants a more gentle remedie; and if dull, a ſtronger: Alſo the ſenſes of the inteſtines are perceived by the courſe of diet; for thoſe that feed upon muſtard, or the like biting and more ſharp meat, without trouble, are of a more obtuſe ſenſe; but thoſe of an exact ſenſe, which preſently perceive the mordacity; and thoſe that are of a mean ſenſe, want a mean doſe.
    • 1847 January, “Art. VI.—A Universal and Critical Dictionary of the English Language; to which are added Walker’s Key to the Pronunciation of Classical and Scripture Proper Names, much enlarged and improved; and a Pronouncing Vocabulary of Modern Geographical Names. By Joseph E. Worcester. Boston: Wilkins, Carter, & Co. Imperial 8vo. pp. 955. [book review]”, in The North American Review, volume LXIV, number CXXXIV, Boston, Mass.: Published by Otis, Broaders, and Co., No. 154 Washington Street, OCLC 956094611, page 198:
      Another addition in Mr. [Joseph Emerson] Worcester's key to the same letter [e] is what he calls the short and obtuse sound, as in her, herd, fern, fervid. Some of these, also, for the sake of indicating the true sound, [John] Walker was obliged to spell with a different vowel. Thus her is directed to be pronounced hur, like u in tub.
  4. Indirect or circuitous.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

obtuse (third-person singular simple present obtuses, present participle obtusing, simple past and past participle obtused)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To dull or reduce an emotion or a physical state.
    • 1611, Randle Cotgrave, comp., “Fouler”, in A Dictionarie of the French and English Tongves, London: Printed by Adam Islip, OCLC 491770318, column 2:
      Fouler. To tread, ſtampe, or trample on; to bruiſe, or cruſh, by ſtamping; hurt, or obtuſe, by treading on; []
    • 1861 August, “[Miscellaneous.] Coca”, in The United States Journal of Homœopathy, volume II, New York, N.Y.: C. T. Hurlburt, No. 437 Broome Street, OCLC 64159880, page 549:
      The general effect of even a weak infusion of coca leaves is a pleasant irritability and sleeplessness. A stronger infusion keeps hunger away, prevents loss of breath in ascending mountains, dilates the pupil, and obtuses the sensibility to the air.
    • 1900 July 13, George M. Kober, “Shall Alcohol be Considered as a Food?”, in Landon B. Edwards and Charles M. Edwards, editors, Virginia Medical Semi-monthly (Richmond), volume V, number 7 (103 overall), Richmond, Va.: J. W. Fergusson & Son, printers [for the Medical Society of Virginia], published 1901, OCLC 1769197, page 205, column 1:
      [Gustav von] Bunge [] claims that its [alcohol's] primary action is that of a depressant, and that its apparent good effects are simply due to the obtusing influence upon physical and mental suffering. But this is scarcely a correct assumption, as there are individuals in whom the smallest doses produce palpitation of the heart, throbbing of the carotids, and great mental activity. He also claims that alcohol does not produce renewed vigor in tired individuals, but simply obtuses this feeling of exhaustion.
    • 1916, Henry Goddard Leach, editor, The American-Scandinavian Review, volume 4, New York, N.Y.: The American-Scandinavian Foundation, ISSN 0003-0910, OCLC 6460493, page 51:
      The American avidity for "action" has evidently obtused the perceptions of habitual theatre-goers to all nuances of feeling, and therefore, the harmless romancings of the elderly estranged couple, Mr. and Mrs. Arvik, are interpreted as covering unspeakable iniquities that only exist in the minds of the critics.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

obtuse

  1. feminine singular of obtus

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

obtūse

  1. vocative masculine singular of obtūsus

References[edit]