The heraldic sense “leaping” and the sense “projecting outward” are borrowed from Latin salientem, the accusative form of saliēns (“springing, leaping”), present participle of saliō (“leap, spring”, verb). The senses “prominent” and “pertinent” are relatively recent, and derive from the phrase salient point, which is a calque of the Latin punctum saliēns, a translation of Aristotle's term for the embryonal heart visible in (opened) eggs, which he thought seemed to move already. Compare also the German calque der springende Punkt.
- (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈseɪ.li.ənt/, /ˈseɪ.ljənt/
Audio (US) (file)
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈsæɪ.li.ənt/, /ˈsæɪ.ljənt/
Audio (AU) (file)
- Hyphenation: sa‧lient
- Worthy of note; pertinent or relevant.
- Synonyms: pertinent, relevant; see also Thesaurus:pertinent
- The article is not exhaustive, but it covers the salient points pretty well.
- 1878 January–December, Thomas Hardy, chapter V, in The Return of the Native […], volumes (please specify |volume=I to III), London: Smith, Elder, & Co., […], published 1878, →OCLC:
- With nearer approach these fragmentary sounds became pieced together, and were found to be the salient points of the tune called "Nancy's Fancy."
- 1895–1897, H[erbert] G[eorge] Wells, chapter II, in The War of the Worlds, London: William Heinemann, published 1898, →OCLC, (please specify the page number(s)):
- The last salient point in which the systems of these creatures differed from ours was in what one might have thought a very trivial particular.
- Prominent; conspicuous.
- 1834, George Bancroft, History of the United States of America, from the discovery of the American continent:
- He [Grenville] had neither salient traits, nor general comprehensiveness of mind.
- 2018, James Lambert, “A multitude of ‘lishes’: The nomenclature of hybridity”, in English World-Wide, page 2:
- Professionally published dictionaries do not seem to have extended coverage beyond the most frequent and salient items.
- (heraldry, usually of a quadruped) Depicted in a leaping posture.
- a lion salient
- (often military) Projecting outwards, pointing outwards.
- a salient angle
- (obsolete) Moving by leaps or springs; jumping.
- (obsolete) Shooting or springing out; projecting.
- 1796, Edmund Burke, A Letter from the Right Honourable Edmund Burke to a Noble Lord, on the Attacks Made upon Him and His Pension, […], 10th edition, London: […] J. Owen, […], and F[rancis] and C[harles] Rivington, […], →OCLC, page 50:
- He had in himſelf a ſalient, living ſpring of generous and manly action.
- (geometry) Denoting any angle less than two right angles.
salient (plural salients)
- (military) An outwardly projecting part of a fortification, trench system, or line of defense.
- 1919, “General Pershing's Story”, in Americans Defending Democracy: Our Soldiers' Own Stories, World's War Stories, Inc., page 9:
- On April 26 the First Division had gone into the line in the Montdidier salient on the Picardy battlefront.
- (geography) An elongated protrusion of a geopolitical entity, such as a subnational entity or a sovereign state.
- sally (cognate; both of these military terms come from a verb meaning "to leap forth", but in different ways)
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈsa.li.ent/, [ˈs̠älʲiɛn̪t̪]
- (modern Italianate Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈsa.li.ent/, [ˈsäːlien̪t̪]