dum

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See also: dům

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Hindi दम ‎(dam).

Adjective[edit]

dum ‎(not comparable)

  1. (India, cooking) cooked with steam

Etymology 2[edit]

Interjection[edit]

dum

  1. Syllable used when humming a tune.
    • 2012, Graeme Burk, Robert Smith, Who is the Doctor
      I like to hang out with friends and travel the world. But if there's one thing I really love, it's Doctor Who. Dum de dum, dum de dum, dum de dum. Whooo-eee-oooo dum de dum, de dum de dum.

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dumbr ‎(dumb), and in the main sense stupid from German dumm. Both from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeubʰ-. Compare Swedish and Norwegian dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Low German dumm, Dutch dom, German dumm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dum ‎(neuter dumt, definite and plural dumme, comparative dummere, superlative dummest)

  1. stupid, dense, thick, dim
  2. foolish, silly, daft

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

dum

  1. for
    Mi estos en Usono dum du jaroj.
    I will be in the USA for two years.
  2. during
  3. while
  4. whereas

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Esperanto dum, from Latin dum.

Preposition[edit]

dum

  1. during, in (a period of time)
    Il esis absenta dum tri yari.
    He was absent for three years.

Derived terms[edit]

  • dume ‎(meanwhile, meantime)

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

For dium. Confer Latin diū and diēs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

dum

  1. while, as
    • c. 29 bc, Publius Vergilius Maro, Georgicon, III.285
      fvgit inreparabile tempvs
      singvla dvm capti circvmvectamvr amore
      Irretrievable time flies away while, in thrall to love, we are carried about from one thing to another.
    • c. ad 2, Publius Ovidius Naso, Ars Amatoria, XI
      dvm loqvor hora fvgit
      While I speak, the hour flees away.
      Dum vīxī tacuī, mortua dulce canō.
      While I lived I was quiet; dead I sweetly sing.
  2. until
  3. as long as
    • Dum erunt homines.
      As long as there are men. (As long as mankind exists.)
  4. so long as, provided that
    • Oderint, dum metuant.
      Let them hate, so long as they fear.

Usage notes[edit]

Most often used with the present indicative forms of verbs.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • dum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dum in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I cannot wait till..: nihil mihi longius est or videtur quam dum or quam ut
    • as long as one's strength holds out: dum vires suppetunt
    • as long as I live: dum vita suppetit; dum (quoad) vivo
  • dum” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

dum

  1. rafsi of du'u.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeubʰ-. Compare with Danish dum and Swedish dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Dutch dom, German dumm.

Adjective[edit]

dum ‎(neuter singular dumt, definite singular and plural dumme, comparative dummere, indefinite superlative dummest, definite superlative dummeste)

  1. foolish
  2. stupid, silly

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeubʰ-.

Adjective[edit]

dum ‎(neuter singular dumt, definite singular and plural dumme, comparative dummare, indefinite superlative dummast, definite superlative dummaste)

  1. foolish
  2. stupid, silly

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

dum

  1. Alternative form of daum

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dum dum
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndum
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier d'uma, from de ‎(of) + um ‎(masculine singular indefinite article)

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

dum m

  1. Contraction of de um ‎(pertaining or relating to a).; of a; from a (masculine singular)

See also[edit]

  • duma (feminine form)
  • duns (plural form)
  • dumas (feminine plural form)

Saterland Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian dumb, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz. More at dumb.

Adjective[edit]

dum

  1. stupid; dumb

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish dumber, from Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-. Compare Norwegian and Danish dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Dutch dom, German dumm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dum

  1. stupid, dumb
  2. mean, cruel

Declension[edit]

Inflection of dum
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular dum dummare dummast
Neuter singular dumt dummare dummast
Plural dumma dummare dummast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 dumme dummare dummaste
All dumma dummare dummaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.

Uzbek[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic дум
Roman dum
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دم ‎(dom)

Noun[edit]

dum ‎(plural dumlar)

  1. tail