दम

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See also: दुम, द्म, and दाम

Hindi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Persian دم(dam).

Noun[edit]

दम (damm (Urdu spelling دم‎)

  1. breath
    वह दम फूल रहा था, लेकिन ठहर नहीं किया।
    vah dam phūl rahā thā, lekin ṭhahar nahī̃ kiyā.
    He was gasping for breath, but he did not stop.
    दम अटकनाdam aṭaknāfor breathing to cease
    दम उलटनाdam ulaṭnāto gasp for breath
  2. puff, whiff
  3. life, vitality, stamina
    उसमें कोई दम नहीं है।
    usmẽ koī dam nahī̃ hai.
    He has no stamina.
  4. moment, instant

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sanskrit दम (dáma)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

दम (damam (Urdu spelling دم‎)

  1. self-restraint, taming, self-control
    छुरी तले दम लेने की आवश्यकता है
    It is important to have self-restraint under difficult circumstances.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Sanskrit दम्भ (dámbha). Cognate with Persian دم(dam)

Noun[edit]

दम (damm (Urdu spelling دم‎)

  1. deceit, fraud, trickery, arrogance
    वह बहुत दमबाज़ है, और उस पर भरोसा मत रखना चाहिए।
    He is full of deceit, and you should not trust him.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Arabic دم‎.

Noun[edit]

दम (damm (Urdu spelling دم‎)

  1. blood

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Platts, John T. (1884), “दम”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *dámas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dáma, from Proto-Indo-European *dṓm. Cognate with Latin domus (whence English dome), Ancient Greek δόμος (dómos), Old Church Slavonic домъ (domŭ), Old Armenian տուն (tun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

दम (dámam

  1. house
  2. home
Declension[edit]
Masculine a-stem declension of दम (dáma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative दमः
dámaḥ
दमौ
dámau
दमाः / दमासः¹
dámāḥ / dámāsaḥ¹
Vocative दम
dáma
दमौ
dámau
दमाः / दमासः¹
dámāḥ / dámāsaḥ¹
Accusative दमम्
dámam
दमौ
dámau
दमान्
dámān
Instrumental दमेन
dámena
दमाभ्याम्
dámābhyām
दमैः / दमेभिः¹
dámaiḥ / dámebhiḥ¹
Dative दमाय
dámāya
दमाभ्याम्
dámābhyām
दमेभ्यः
dámebhyaḥ
Ablative दमात्
dámāt
दमाभ्याम्
dámābhyām
दमेभ्यः
dámebhyaḥ
Genitive दमस्य
dámasya
दमयोः
dámayoḥ
दमानाम्
dámānām
Locative दमे
dáme
दमयोः
dámayoḥ
दमेषु
dámeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Etymology 2[edit]

From the verb दाम्यति (dā́myati), from Proto-Indo-European *demh₂- (to tame).

Noun[edit]

दम (dámam

  1. taming
  2. self-restraint
  3. self-control
  4. temperance
Declension[edit]
Masculine a-stem declension of दम (dáma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative दमः
dámaḥ
दमौ
dámau
दमाः / दमासः¹
dámāḥ / dámāsaḥ¹
Vocative दम
dáma
दमौ
dámau
दमाः / दमासः¹
dámāḥ / dámāsaḥ¹
Accusative दमम्
dámam
दमौ
dámau
दमान्
dámān
Instrumental दमेन
dámena
दमाभ्याम्
dámābhyām
दमैः / दमेभिः¹
dámaiḥ / dámebhiḥ¹
Dative दमाय
dámāya
दमाभ्याम्
dámābhyām
दमेभ्यः
dámebhyaḥ
Ablative दमात्
dámāt
दमाभ्याम्
dámābhyām
दमेभ्यः
dámebhyaḥ
Genitive दमस्य
dámasya
दमयोः
dámayoḥ
दमानाम्
dámānām
Locative दमे
dáme
दमयोः
dámayoḥ
दमेषु
dámeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic