दम

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: दुम, द्म, and दाम

Hindi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Persian دم (dam).

Noun[edit]

दम (damm (Urdu spelling دم)

  1. breath
    वह दम फूल रहा था, लेकिन ठहर नहीं किया।
    vah dam phūl rahā thā, lekin ṭhahar nahī̃ kiyā.
    He was gasping for breath, but he did not stop.
    दम अटकनाdam aṭaknāfor breathing to cease
    दम उलटनाdam ulaṭnāto gasp for breath
  2. puff, whiff
  3. life, vitality, stamina
    उसमें कोई दम नहीं है।
    usmẽ koī dam nahī̃ hai.
    He has no stamina.
  4. moment, instant

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sanskrit दम (dáma)

Noun[edit]

दम (damam (Urdu spelling دم)

  1. self-restraint, taming, self-control
    छुरी तले दम लेने की आवश्यकता है
    It is important to have self-restraint under difficult circumstances.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Sanskrit दम्भ (dámbha). Cognate with Persian دم (dam)

Noun[edit]

दम (damm (Urdu spelling دم)

  1. deceit, fraud, trickery, arrogance
    वह बहुत दमबाज़ है, और उस पर भरोसा मत रखना चाहिए।
    He is full of deceit, and you should not trust him.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Arabic دم.

Noun[edit]

दम (damm (Urdu spelling دم)

  1. blood

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Platts, John T. (1884), “दम”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *dámas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dáma, from Proto-Indo-European *dṓm. Cognate with Latin domus (whence English dome), Ancient Greek δόμος (dómos), Old Church Slavonic домъ (domŭ), Old Armenian տուն (tun).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /d̪ɐ́.mɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈd̪ɐ.mɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    दम (dámam

    1. house
    2. home
    Declension[edit]
    Masculine a-stem declension of दम (dáma)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative दमः
    dámaḥ
    दमौ
    dámau
    दमाः / दमासः¹
    dámāḥ / dámāsaḥ¹
    Vocative दम
    dáma
    दमौ
    dámau
    दमाः / दमासः¹
    dámāḥ / dámāsaḥ¹
    Accusative दमम्
    dámam
    दमौ
    dámau
    दमान्
    dámān
    Instrumental दमेन
    dámena
    दमाभ्याम्
    dámābhyām
    दमैः / दमेभिः¹
    dámaiḥ / dámebhiḥ¹
    Dative दमाय
    dámāya
    दमाभ्याम्
    dámābhyām
    दमेभ्यः
    dámebhyaḥ
    Ablative दमात्
    dámāt
    दमाभ्याम्
    dámābhyām
    दमेभ्यः
    dámebhyaḥ
    Genitive दमस्य
    dámasya
    दमयोः
    dámayoḥ
    दमानाम्
    dámānām
    Locative दमे
    dáme
    दमयोः
    dámayoḥ
    दमेषु
    dámeṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From the verb दाम्यति (dā́myati), from Proto-Indo-European *demh₂- (to tame).

    Noun[edit]

    दम (dámam

    1. taming
    2. self-restraint
    3. self-control
    4. temperance
    Declension[edit]
    Masculine a-stem declension of दम (dáma)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative दमः
    dámaḥ
    दमौ
    dámau
    दमाः / दमासः¹
    dámāḥ / dámāsaḥ¹
    Vocative दम
    dáma
    दमौ
    dámau
    दमाः / दमासः¹
    dámāḥ / dámāsaḥ¹
    Accusative दमम्
    dámam
    दमौ
    dámau
    दमान्
    dámān
    Instrumental दमेन
    dámena
    दमाभ्याम्
    dámābhyām
    दमैः / दमेभिः¹
    dámaiḥ / dámebhiḥ¹
    Dative दमाय
    dámāya
    दमाभ्याम्
    dámābhyām
    दमेभ्यः
    dámebhyaḥ
    Ablative दमात्
    dámāt
    दमाभ्याम्
    dámābhyām
    दमेभ्यः
    dámebhyaḥ
    Genitive दमस्य
    dámasya
    दमयोः
    dámayoḥ
    दमानाम्
    dámānām
    Locative दमे
    dáme
    दमयोः
    dámayoḥ
    दमेषु
    dámeṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic