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Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle English vigour, from Old French vigour, from vigor, from Latin vigor, from vigeo (thrive, flourish), from Proto-Indo-European *weǵ- (to be lively).

Related to vigil, vegetable, vajra, and waker.



vigour (countable and uncountable, plural vigours)

  1. Active strength or force of body or mind; capacity for exertion, physically, intellectually, or morally; energy.
    • 1717, John Dryden (tr.), Metamorphoses By Ovid[1], Book the Twelfth:
      The vigour of this arm was never vain
  2. (biology) Strength or force in animal or vegetable nature or action.
    A plant grows with vigour.
  3. Strength; efficacy; potency.
    • 1667, John Milton, “(please specify the book number)”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, →OCLC:
      But in the fruithful earth: there first receiv'd / His beams, unactive else, their vigour find.

Usage notes[edit]

Vigour and its derivatives commonly imply active strength, or the power of action and exertion, in distinction from passive strength, or strength to endure.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


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Old French[edit]


vigour oblique singularm (oblique plural vigours, nominative singular vigours, nominative plural vigour)

  1. Alternative form of vigur