duma

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See also: Duma, dûma, dumā, d'uma, and dumą

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian ду́ма (dúma, elective legislative assembly; originally: thought), ultimately of Germanic origin, related to English doom. The drink is named after the legislative assembly.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdumə/
  • Hyphenation: du‧ma

Noun[edit]

duma (plural dumas)

  1. A Russian legislative assembly such as the historical duma of the Russian Empire or the modern lower house of the Federal Assembly (the Russian national parliament).
  2. A drink mixing wine and vodka.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hausa[edit]

Noun[edit]

dumā m (plural dumā̀mē, possessed form duman)

  1. calabash, gourd (Lagenaria siceraria)

Verb[edit]

dumā̀ (grade 1)

  1. To put one's mouth deeply into something
  2. (with an indirect object) To strike a person with something

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈdumɒ]
  • Hyphenation: du‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Russian ду́ма (dúma, duma).

Noun[edit]

duma (plural dumák)

  1. duma
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative duma dumák
accusative dumát dumákat
dative dumának dumáknak
instrumental dumával dumákkal
causal-final dumáért dumákért
translative dumává dumákká
terminative dumáig dumákig
essive-formal dumaként dumákként
essive-modal
inessive dumában dumákban
superessive dumán dumákon
adessive dumánál dumáknál
illative dumába dumákba
sublative dumára dumákra
allative dumához dumákhoz
elative dumából dumákból
delative dumáról dumákról
ablative dumától dumáktól
Possessive forms of duma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. dumám dumáim
2nd person sing. dumád dumáid
3rd person sing. dumája dumái
1st person plural dumánk dumáink
2nd person plural dumátok dumáitok
3rd person plural dumájuk dumáik

Etymology 2[edit]

From Romani dumа (speech), from a Slavic language, from Proto-Slavic *duma.

Noun[edit]

duma (plural dumák)

  1. (colloquial) talk, chat
  2. (colloquial) bullshit, lie
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative duma dumák
accusative dumát dumákat
dative dumának dumáknak
instrumental dumával dumákkal
causal-final dumáért dumákért
translative dumává dumákká
terminative dumáig dumákig
essive-formal dumaként dumákként
essive-modal
inessive dumában dumákban
superessive dumán dumákon
adessive dumánál dumáknál
illative dumába dumákba
sublative dumára dumákra
allative dumához dumákhoz
elative dumából dumákból
delative dumáról dumákról
ablative dumától dumáktól
Possessive forms of duma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. dumám dumáim
2nd person sing. dumád dumáid
3rd person sing. dumája dumái
1st person plural dumánk dumáink
2nd person plural dumátok dumáitok
3rd person plural dumájuk dumáik
Derived terms[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

duma

  1. (dialectal form) genitive singular masculine form of dums
  2. (dialectal form) nominative singular feminine form of dums

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *duma.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdu.ma/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: du‧ma

Noun[edit]

duma f

  1. pride (sense of one's own worth, and abhorrence of what is beneath or unworthy of one)

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

duma

  1. third-person singular present of dumać

Further reading[edit]

  • duma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier d'uma, de (of) + uma (feminine singular indefinite article)

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

duma f

  1. Contraction of de uma (pertaining or relating to a).of a; from a (feminine singular)
    • 1877, Unknown, A boneca, compiled in Contos para a Infância, Guerra Junqueiro:
      Deixe-me agora, leitor, contar-lhe uma história — a história duma boneca!
      Now let me, reader, tell you a story - the story of a doll!

See also[edit]

  • dum (masculine form)
  • dumas (plural form)
  • duns (masculine plural form)

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: du‧ma

Noun[edit]

duma (n class, plural duma)

  1. cheetah

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /dúːma/

Relative[edit]

-dúma

  1. tasteless, flavourless
Inflection[edit]
Relative concord
Modifier Copulative
positive negative positive negative
1st singular engiduma engingeduma ngiduma angiduma
2nd singular oduma ongeduma uduma awuduma
1st plural esiduma esingeduma siduma asiduma
2nd plural eniduma eningeduma niduma aniduma
Class 1 oduma ongeduma uduma akaduma
Class 2 abaduma abangeduma baduma abaduma
Class 3 oduma ongeduma uduma awuduma
Class 4 eduma engeduma iduma ayiduma
Class 5 eliduma elingeduma liduma aliduma
Class 6 aduma angeduma aduma awaduma
Class 7 esiduma esingeduma siduma asiduma
Class 8 eziduma ezingeduma ziduma aziduma
Class 9 eduma engeduma iduma ayiduma
Class 10 eziduma ezingeduma ziduma aziduma
Class 11 oluduma olungeduma luduma aluduma
Class 14 obuduma obungeduma buduma abuduma
Class 15 okuduma okungeduma kuduma akuduma
Class 17 okuduma okungeduma kuduma akuduma

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-duma, from Proto-Bantu *-dùma.

The expected reflex would be -vuma. It is likely that this is a back formation from indumo, from Proto-Bantu *-dʊ̀ma, a variant of Proto-Bantu *-dùma.

Verb[edit]

-duma

  1. (intransitive) to be noisy
  2. (intransitive) to roar, to thunder
  3. (intransitive) to be famous, to be renowned
Inflection[edit]
Tone L
Infinitive ukuduma
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuduma ukungadumi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular duma -dume
Plural dumani -dumeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaduma, ngiduma engidumayo, engiduma ngiduma angidumi engingadumi ngingadumi
2nd singular uyaduma, uduma odumayo, oduma uduma awudumi ongadumi ungadumi
1st plural siyaduma, siduma esidumayo, esiduma siduma asidumi esingadumi singadumi
2nd plural niyaduma, niduma enidumayo, eniduma niduma anidumi eningadumi ningadumi
Class 1 uyaduma, uduma odumayo, oduma eduma akadumi ongadumi engadumi
Class 2 bayaduma, baduma abadumayo, abaduma beduma abadumi abangadumi bengadumi
Class 3 uyaduma, uduma odumayo, oduma uduma awudumi ongadumi ungadumi
Class 4 iyaduma, iduma edumayo, eduma iduma ayidumi engadumi ingadumi
Class 5 liyaduma, liduma elidumayo, eliduma liduma alidumi elingadumi lingadumi
Class 6 ayaduma, aduma adumayo, aduma eduma awadumi angadumi engadumi
Class 7 siyaduma, siduma esidumayo, esiduma siduma asidumi esingadumi singadumi
Class 8 ziyaduma, ziduma ezidumayo, eziduma ziduma azidumi ezingadumi zingadumi
Class 9 iyaduma, iduma edumayo, eduma iduma ayidumi engadumi ingadumi
Class 10 ziyaduma, ziduma ezidumayo, eziduma ziduma azidumi ezingadumi zingadumi
Class 11 luyaduma, luduma oludumayo, oluduma luduma aludumi olungadumi lungadumi
Class 14 buyaduma, buduma obudumayo, obuduma buduma abudumi obungadumi bungadumi
Class 15 kuyaduma, kuduma okudumayo, okuduma kuduma akudumi okungadumi kungadumi
Class 17 kuyaduma, kuduma okudumayo, okuduma kuduma akudumi okungadumi kungadumi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngidumile, ngidumē engidumile, engidumē ngidumile, ngidumē angidumanga engingadumanga ngingadumanga
2nd singular udumile, udumē odumile, odumē udumile, udumē awudumanga ongadumanga ungadumanga
1st plural sidumile, sidumē esidumile, esidumē sidumile, sidumē asidumanga esingadumanga singadumanga
2nd plural nidumile, nidumē enidumile, enidumē nidumile, nidumē anidumanga eningadumanga ningadumanga
Class 1 udumile, udumē odumile, odumē edumile, edumē akadumanga ongadumanga engadumanga
Class 2 badumile, badumē abadumile, abadumē bedumile, bedumē abadumanga abangadumanga bengadumanga
Class 3 udumile, udumē odumile, odumē udumile, udumē awudumanga ongadumanga ungadumanga
Class 4 idumile, idumē edumile, edumē idumile, idumē ayidumanga engadumanga ingadumanga
Class 5 lidumile, lidumē elidumile, elidumē lidumile, lidumē alidumanga elingadumanga lingadumanga
Class 6 adumile, adumē adumile, adumē edumile, edumē awadumanga angadumanga engadumanga
Class 7 sidumile, sidumē esidumile, esidumē sidumile, sidumē asidumanga esingadumanga singadumanga
Class 8 zidumile, zidumē ezidumile, ezidumē zidumile, zidumē azidumanga ezingadumanga zingadumanga
Class 9 idumile, idumē edumile, edumē idumile, idumē ayidumanga engadumanga ingadumanga
Class 10 zidumile, zidumē ezidumile, ezidumē zidumile, zidumē azidumanga ezingadumanga zingadumanga
Class 11 ludumile, ludumē oludumile, oludumē ludumile, ludumē aludumanga olungadumanga lungadumanga
Class 14 budumile, budumē obudumile, obudumē budumile, budumē abudumanga obungadumanga bungadumanga
Class 15 kudumile, kudumē okudumile, okudumē kudumile, kudumē akudumanga okungadumanga kungadumanga
Class 17 kudumile, kudumē okudumile, okudumē kudumile, kudumē akudumanga okungadumanga kungadumanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāduma engāduma ngāduma angidumanga engingadumanga ngingadumanga
2nd singular wāduma owāduma wāduma awudumanga ongadumanga ungadumanga
1st plural sāduma esāduma sāduma asidumanga esingadumanga singadumanga
2nd plural nāduma enāduma nāduma anidumanga eningadumanga ningadumanga
Class 1 wāduma owāduma āduma akadumanga ongadumanga engadumanga
Class 2 bāduma abāduma bāduma abadumanga abangadumanga bengadumanga
Class 3 wāduma owāduma wāduma awudumanga ongadumanga ungadumanga
Class 4 yāduma eyāduma yāduma ayidumanga engadumanga ingadumanga
Class 5 lāduma elāduma lāduma alidumanga elingadumanga lingadumanga
Class 6 āduma āduma āduma awadumanga angadumanga engadumanga
Class 7 sāduma esāduma sāduma asidumanga esingadumanga singadumanga
Class 8 zāduma ezāduma zāduma azidumanga ezingadumanga zingadumanga
Class 9 yāduma eyāduma yāduma ayidumanga engadumanga ingadumanga
Class 10 zāduma ezāduma zāduma azidumanga ezingadumanga zingadumanga
Class 11 lwāduma olwāduma lwāduma aludumanga olungadumanga lungadumanga
Class 14 bāduma obāduma bāduma abudumanga obungadumanga bungadumanga
Class 15 kwāduma okwāduma kwāduma akudumanga okungadumanga kungadumanga
Class 17 kwāduma okwāduma kwāduma akudumanga okungadumanga kungadumanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaduma ngingaduma ngingedume ngingedume
2nd singular ungaduma ungaduma ungedume ungedume
1st plural singaduma singaduma singedume singedume
2nd plural ningaduma ningaduma ningedume ningedume
Class 1 angaduma engaduma angedume engedume
Class 2 bangaduma bengaduma bangedume bengedume
Class 3 ungaduma ungaduma ungedume ungedume
Class 4 ingaduma ingaduma ingedume ingedume
Class 5 lingaduma lingaduma lingedume lingedume
Class 6 angaduma engaduma angedume engedume
Class 7 singaduma singaduma singedume singedume
Class 8 zingaduma zingaduma zingedume zingedume
Class 9 ingaduma ingaduma ingedume ingedume
Class 10 zingaduma zingaduma zingedume zingedume
Class 11 lungaduma lungaduma lungedume lungedume
Class 14 bungaduma bungaduma bungedume bungedume
Class 15 kungaduma kungaduma kungedume kungedume
Class 17 kungaduma kungaduma kungedume kungedume
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizoduma engizoduma ngizoduma angizuduma engingezuduma ngingezuduma
2nd singular uzoduma ozoduma uzoduma awuzuduma ongezuduma ungezuduma
1st plural sizoduma esizoduma sizoduma asizuduma esingezuduma singezuduma
2nd plural nizoduma enizoduma nizoduma anizuduma eningezuduma ningezuduma
Class 1 uzoduma ozoduma ezoduma akazuduma ongezuduma engezuduma
Class 2 bazoduma abazoduma bezoduma abazuduma abangezuduma bengezuduma
Class 3 uzoduma ozoduma uzoduma awuzuduma ongezuduma ungezuduma
Class 4 izoduma ezoduma izoduma ayizuduma engezuduma ingezuduma
Class 5 lizoduma elizoduma lizoduma alizuduma elingezuduma lingezuduma
Class 6 azoduma azoduma ezoduma awazuduma angezuduma engezuduma
Class 7 sizoduma esizoduma sizoduma asizuduma esingezuduma singezuduma
Class 8 zizoduma ezizoduma zizoduma azizuduma ezingezuduma zingezuduma
Class 9 izoduma ezoduma izoduma ayizuduma engezuduma ingezuduma
Class 10 zizoduma ezizoduma zizoduma azizuduma ezingezuduma zingezuduma
Class 11 luzoduma oluzoduma luzoduma aluzuduma olungezuduma lungezuduma
Class 14 buzoduma obuzoduma buzoduma abuzuduma obungezuduma bungezuduma
Class 15 kuzoduma okuzoduma kuzoduma akuzuduma okungezuduma kungezuduma
Class 17 kuzoduma okuzoduma kuzoduma akuzuduma okungezuduma kungezuduma
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyoduma engiyoduma ngiyoduma angiyuduma engingeyuduma ngingeyuduma
2nd singular uyoduma oyoduma uyoduma awuyuduma ongeyuduma ungeyuduma
1st plural siyoduma esiyoduma siyoduma asiyuduma esingeyuduma singeyuduma
2nd plural niyoduma eniyoduma niyoduma aniyuduma eningeyuduma ningeyuduma
Class 1 uyoduma oyoduma eyoduma akayuduma ongeyuduma engeyuduma
Class 2 bayoduma abayoduma beyoduma abayuduma abangeyuduma bengeyuduma
Class 3 uyoduma oyoduma uyoduma awuyuduma ongeyuduma ungeyuduma
Class 4 iyoduma eyoduma iyoduma ayiyuduma engeyuduma ingeyuduma
Class 5 liyoduma eliyoduma liyoduma aliyuduma elingeyuduma lingeyuduma
Class 6 ayoduma ayoduma eyoduma awayuduma angeyuduma engeyuduma
Class 7 siyoduma esiyoduma siyoduma asiyuduma esingeyuduma singeyuduma
Class 8 ziyoduma eziyoduma ziyoduma aziyuduma ezingeyuduma zingeyuduma
Class 9 iyoduma eyoduma iyoduma ayiyuduma engeyuduma ingeyuduma
Class 10 ziyoduma eziyoduma ziyoduma aziyuduma ezingeyuduma zingeyuduma
Class 11 luyoduma oluyoduma luyoduma aluyuduma olungeyuduma lungeyuduma
Class 14 buyoduma obuyoduma buyoduma abuyuduma obungeyuduma bungeyuduma
Class 15 kuyoduma okuyoduma kuyoduma akuyuduma okungeyuduma kungeyuduma
Class 17 kuyoduma okuyoduma kuyoduma akuyuduma okungeyuduma kungeyuduma
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngidume ngingadumi
2nd singular udume ungadumi
1st plural sidume singadumi
2nd plural nidume ningadumi
Class 1 adume angadumi
Class 2 badume bangadumi
Class 3 udume ungadumi
Class 4 idume ingadumi
Class 5 lidume lingadumi
Class 6 adume angadumi
Class 7 sidume singadumi
Class 8 zidume zingadumi
Class 9 idume ingadumi
Class 10 zidume zingadumi
Class 11 ludume lungadumi
Class 14 budume bungadumi
Class 15 kudume kungadumi
Class 17 kudume kungadumi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaduma ngangaduma, angaduma, angangaduma
2nd singular waduma wangaduma, awaduma, awangaduma
1st plural saduma sangaduma, asaduma, asangaduma
2nd plural naduma nangaduma, anaduma, anangaduma
Class 1 waduma wangaduma, akaduma, akangaduma
Class 2 baduma bangaduma, abaduma, abangaduma
Class 3 waduma wangaduma, awaduma, awangaduma
Class 4 yaduma yangaduma, ayaduma, ayangaduma
Class 5 laduma langaduma, aladuma, alangaduma
Class 6 aduma angaduma, awaduma, awangaduma
Class 7 saduma sangaduma, asaduma, asangaduma
Class 8 zaduma zangaduma, azaduma, azangaduma
Class 9 yaduma yangaduma, ayaduma, ayangaduma
Class 10 zaduma zangaduma, azaduma, azangaduma
Class 11 lwaduma lwangaduma, alwaduma, alwangaduma
Class 14 baduma bangaduma, abaduma, abangaduma
Class 15 kwaduma kwangaduma, akwaduma, akwangaduma
Class 17 kwaduma kwangaduma, akwaduma, akwangaduma

References[edit]