duma

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See also: dumā and d'uma

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Russian ду́ма(dúma, elective legislative assembly; originally: "thought").

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdumə/
  • Hyphenation: du‧ma

Noun[edit]

duma (plural dumas)

  1. The lower house of the Federal Assembly, or the Russian national parliament.
  2. A drink mixing wine and vodka, name taken from the above.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hausa[edit]

Noun[edit]

dumā m (plural dumame)

  1. calabash, gourd, pumpkin

Verb[edit]

dumā̀ (grade 1)

  1. To put one's mouth deeply into something
  2. (with an indirect object) To strike a person with something

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈdumɒ]
  • Hyphenation: du‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Russian ду́ма(dúma, duma).

Noun[edit]

duma (plural dumák)

  1. duma
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative duma dumák
accusative dumát dumákat
dative dumának dumáknak
instrumental dumával dumákkal
causal-final dumáért dumákért
translative dumává dumákká
terminative dumáig dumákig
essive-formal dumaként dumákként
essive-modal
inessive dumában dumákban
superessive dumán dumákon
adessive dumánál dumáknál
illative dumába dumákba
sublative dumára dumákra
allative dumához dumákhoz
elative dumából dumákból
delative dumáról dumákról
ablative dumától dumáktól
Possessive forms of duma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. dumám dumáim
2nd person sing. dumád dumáid
3rd person sing. dumája dumái
1st person plural dumánk dumáink
2nd person plural dumátok dumáitok
3rd person plural dumájuk dumáik

Etymology 2[edit]

From Romani dumа(speech), from a Slavic language, from Proto-Slavic *duma.

Noun[edit]

duma (plural dumák)

  1. (colloquial) talk, chat
  2. (colloquial) bullshit, lie
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative duma dumák
accusative dumát dumákat
dative dumának dumáknak
instrumental dumával dumákkal
causal-final dumáért dumákért
translative dumává dumákká
terminative dumáig dumákig
essive-formal dumaként dumákként
essive-modal
inessive dumában dumákban
superessive dumán dumákon
adessive dumánál dumáknál
illative dumába dumákba
sublative dumára dumákra
allative dumához dumákhoz
elative dumából dumákból
delative dumáról dumákról
ablative dumától dumáktól
Possessive forms of duma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. dumám dumáim
2nd person sing. dumád dumáid
3rd person sing. dumája dumái
1st person plural dumánk dumáink
2nd person plural dumátok dumáitok
3rd person plural dumájuk dumáik
Derived terms[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

duma

  1. (dialectal form) genitive singular masculine form of dums
  2. (dialectal form) nominative singular feminine form of dums

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *duma.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: du‧ma
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

duma f

  1. pride (sense of one's own worth, and abhorrence of what is beneath or unworthy of one)

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier d'uma, de(of) + uma(feminine singular indefinite article)

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

duma f

  1. Contraction of de uma(pertaining or relating to a).of a; from a (feminine singular)
    • 1877, Unknwon, A boneca, compiled in Contos para a Infância, Guerra Junqueiro:
      Deixe-me agora, leitor, contar-lhe uma história — a história duma boneca!
      Now let me, reader, tell you a story - the story of a doll!

See also[edit]

  • dum (masculine form)
  • dumas (plural form)
  • duns (masculine plural form)

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: du‧ma

Noun[edit]

duma (n class, plural duma)

  1. cheetah

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Relative[edit]

-duma

  1. tasteless, flavourless
Inflection[edit]
Relative concord
Modifier Copulative
1st singular engiduma ngiduma
2nd singular oduma uduma
1st plural esiduma siduma
2nd plural eniduma niduma
Class 1 oduma uduma
Class 2 abaduma baduma
Class 3 oduma uduma
Class 4 eduma iduma
Class 5 eliduma liduma
Class 6 aduma aduma
Class 7 esiduma siduma
Class 8 eziduma ziduma
Class 9 eduma iduma
Class 10 eziduma ziduma
Class 11 oluduma luduma
Class 14 obuduma buduma
Class 15 okuduma kuduma
Class 17 okuduma kuduma

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-duma, from Proto-Bantu *-dùma.

Verb[edit]

-duma

  1. (intransitive) to be noisy
  2. (intransitive) to roar, to thunder
  3. (intransitive) to be famous, to be reknowned
Inflection[edit]
Tone class L
Infinitive ukuduma
Imperative Imperative
+ object prefix
Singular duma dume
Plural dumani dumeni
Present Participial Subjunctive
1st singular ngiyaduma, ngiduma ngiduma ngidume
2nd singular uyaduma, uduma uduma udume
1st plural siyaduma, siduma siduma sidume
2nd plural niyaduma, niduma niduma nidume
Class 1 uyaduma, uduma eduma adume
Class 2 bayaduma, baduma beduma badume
Class 3 uyaduma, uduma uduma udume
Class 4 iyaduma, iduma iduma idume
Class 5 liyaduma, liduma liduma lidume
Class 6 ayaduma, aduma eduma adume
Class 7 siyaduma, siduma siduma sidume
Class 8 ziyaduma, ziduma ziduma zidume
Class 9 iyaduma, iduma iduma idume
Class 10 ziyaduma, ziduma ziduma zidume
Class 11 luyaduma, luduma luduma ludume
Class 14 buyaduma, buduma buduma budume
Class 15 kuyaduma, kuduma kuduma kudume
Class 17 kuyaduma, kuduma kuduma kudume
Recent past Recent past
continuous
1st singular ngidumile, ngidumē bengiduma
2nd singular udumile, udumē ubeduma
1st plural sidumile, sidumē sibeduma
2nd plural nidumile, nidumē nibeduma
Class 1 udumile, udumē ubeduma
Class 2 badumile, badumē bebeduma
Class 3 udumile, udumē bewuduma
Class 4 idumile, idumē beyiduma
Class 5 lidumile, lidumē beliduma
Class 6 adumile, adumē abeduma
Class 7 sidumile, sidumē besiduma
Class 8 zidumile, zidumē beziduma
Class 9 idumile, idumē beyiduma
Class 10 zidumile, zidumē beziduma
Class 11 ludumile, ludumē beluduma
Class 14 budumile, budumē bebuduma
Class 15 kudumile, kudumē bekuduma
Class 17 kudumile, kudumē bekuduma
Remote past Remote past
continuous
1st singular ngāduma ngangiduma
2nd singular wāduma wawuduma
1st plural sāduma sasiduma
2nd plural nāduma naniduma
Class 1 wāduma wayeduma
Class 2 bāduma babeduma
Class 3 wāduma wawuduma
Class 4 yāduma yayiduma
Class 5 lāduma laliduma
Class 6 āduma ayeduma
Class 7 sāduma sasiduma
Class 8 zāduma zaziduma
Class 9 yāduma yayiduma
Class 10 zāduma zaziduma
Class 11 lwāduma lwaluduma
Class 14 bāduma babuduma
Class 15 kwāduma kwakuduma
Class 17 kwāduma kwakuduma
Future
1st singular ngizoduma
2nd singular uzoduma
1st plural sizoduma
2nd plural nizoduma
Class 1 uzoduma
Class 2 bazoduma
Class 3 uzoduma
Class 4 izoduma
Class 5 lizoduma
Class 6 azoduma
Class 7 sizoduma
Class 8 zizoduma
Class 9 izoduma
Class 10 zizoduma
Class 11 luzoduma
Class 14 buzoduma
Class 15 kuzoduma
Class 17 kuzoduma

References[edit]