vodka

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Various bottles of vodka

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water). Historical documentary research of V. Pokhlyobkin suggests the derivation via the usage "dilution (of distillate) with water", as used in expressions "vodka of grain wine" and similar; хле́бное вино́ (xlébnoje vinó, grain wine) is an archaic Russian name for vodka.

The standard of identity is from the Code of Federal Regulations, title 27, section 5.22(a)(1).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka (countable and uncountable, plural vodkas)

  1. A clear distilled alcoholic liquor made from grain mash
    • 1932, Maurice Baring, chapter 20, in Friday's Business[1]:
      Eurydice pointed to the cupboard, and sat down on the low divan with folded hands, and looked at the floor. She was quite white. Elsa made her drink a glass of vodka.
  2. A serving of the above beverage
  3. (US standard of identity) Neutral spirits distilled (or treated after distillation) so as to have no distinctive character, aroma, taste, or color

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Noun[edit]

vodka

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Noun[edit]

vodka

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]

Inflection of vodka (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative vodka vodkat
genitive vodkan vodkien
partitive vodkaa vodkia
illative vodkaan vodkiin
singular plural
nominative vodka vodkat
accusative nom. vodka vodkat
gen. vodkan
genitive vodkan vodkien
vodkainrare
partitive vodkaa vodkia
inessive vodkassa vodkissa
elative vodkasta vodkista
illative vodkaan vodkiin
adessive vodkalla vodkilla
ablative vodkalta vodkilta
allative vodkalle vodkille
essive vodkana vodkina
translative vodkaksi vodkiksi
instructive vodkin
abessive vodkatta vodkitta
comitative vodkineen

Synonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka f (plural vodkas)

  1. vodka

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈvotkɒ]
  • Hyphenation: vod‧ka

Noun[edit]

vodka (plural vodkák)

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative vodka vodkák
accusative vodkát vodkákat
dative vodkának vodkáknak
instrumental vodkával vodkákkal
causal-final vodkáért vodkákért
translative vodkává vodkákká
terminative vodkáig vodkákig
essive-formal vodkaként vodkákként
essive-modal
inessive vodkában vodkákban
superessive vodkán vodkákon
adessive vodkánál vodkáknál
illative vodkába vodkákba
sublative vodkára vodkákra
allative vodkához vodkákhoz
elative vodkából vodkákból
delative vodkáról vodkákról
ablative vodkától vodkáktól
Possessive forms of vodka
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. vodkám vodkáim
2nd person sing. vodkád vodkáid
3rd person sing. vodkája vodkái
1st person plural vodkánk vodkáink
2nd person plural vodkátok vodkáitok
3rd person plural vodkájuk vodkáik

Icelandic[edit]

Icelandic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia is

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka n (genitive singular vodka, no plural)

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Noun[edit]

vodka f (invariable)

  1. vodka

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English vodka, from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Noun[edit]

vodka m (plural vodkas)

  1. (Jersey) vodka

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka m (definite singular vodkaen)

  1. vodka

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Noun[edit]

vodka m (definite singular vodkaen)

  1. vodka

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vodka, equivalent to voda (water) +‎ -ka (diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka f (genitive singular vodky, nominative plural vodky, genitive plural vodiek, declension pattern of žena)

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • vodka in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian во́дка (vódka, literally little water), a diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka m (plural vodkas)

  1. vodka