vodka

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See also: водка

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Various bottles of vodka

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water). Historical documentary research of V. Pokhlyobkin suggests the derivation via the usage "dilution (of distillate) with water", as used in expressions "vodka of grain wine" and similar; хле́бное вино́ (xlébnoje vinó, grain wine) is an archaic Russian name for vodka.

The standard of identity is from the Code of Federal Regulations, title 27, section 5.22(a)(1).

Cognates include Sanskrit उदक (udaka), Ancient Greek ὕδωρ (húdōr)English hydro-, English whisky and English water.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɒdkə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈvɑdkə/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

vodka (countable and uncountable, plural vodkas)

  1. A clear distilled alcoholic liquor made from grain mash.
    • 1932, Maurice Baring, chapter 20, in Friday's Business[1]:
      Eurydice pointed to the cupboard, and sat down on the low divan with folded hands, and looked at the floor. She was quite white. Elsa made her drink a glass of vodka.
  2. A serving of the above beverage.
    • 1986, Marc Polonsky; Russell Taylor, USSR, From an Original Idea by Karl Marx, Faber and Faber, →ISBN:
      You should mutter sullenly into your glass, cursing the serving woman (Witch! Hag! Poison!) or the vodka (Poison! Bitch!), as the one pours you another glass of the other.
  3. (US standards of identity) Neutral spirits distilled (or treated after distillation) so as to have no distinctive character, aroma, taste, or color.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Cebuano: bodka
  • Welsh: fodca

Further reading[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [ˈvɔdka]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [ˈvɔdkɐ]

Noun[edit]

vodka f (plural vodkas)

  1. vodka

References[edit]

  • Cornish-English Dictionary from Maga's Online Dictionary
  • 2018, Akademi Kernewek Gerlyver Kernewek (FSS) Cornish Dictionary (SWF) (2018 edition, p.190)
  • vodka in the Alternative Cornish Dictionary

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

From Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Noun[edit]

vodka

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋodkɑ/, [ˈʋo̞dkɑ]
  • Rhymes: -odkɑ
  • Syllabification(key): vod‧ka

Noun[edit]

vodka

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]

Inflection of vodka (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative vodka vodkat
genitive vodkan vodkien
partitive vodkaa vodkia
illative vodkaan vodkiin
singular plural
nominative vodka vodkat
accusative nom. vodka vodkat
gen. vodkan
genitive vodkan vodkien
vodkainrare
partitive vodkaa vodkia
inessive vodkassa vodkissa
elative vodkasta vodkista
illative vodkaan vodkiin
adessive vodkalla vodkilla
ablative vodkalta vodkilta
allative vodkalle vodkille
essive vodkana vodkina
translative vodkaksi vodkiksi
instructive vodkin
abessive vodkatta vodkitta
comitative vodkineen
Possessive forms of vodka (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person vodkani vodkamme
2nd person vodkasi vodkanne
3rd person vodkansa

Synonyms[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

From Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka f (plural vodkas)

  1. vodka

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu

Etymology[edit]

From Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈvotkɒ]
  • Hyphenation: vod‧ka
  • Rhymes: -kɒ

Noun[edit]

vodka (plural vodkák)

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative vodka vodkák
accusative vodkát vodkákat
dative vodkának vodkáknak
instrumental vodkával vodkákkal
causal-final vodkáért vodkákért
translative vodkává vodkákká
terminative vodkáig vodkákig
essive-formal vodkaként vodkákként
essive-modal
inessive vodkában vodkákban
superessive vodkán vodkákon
adessive vodkánál vodkáknál
illative vodkába vodkákba
sublative vodkára vodkákra
allative vodkához vodkákhoz
elative vodkából vodkákból
delative vodkáról vodkákról
ablative vodkától vodkáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
vodkáé vodkáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
vodkáéi vodkákéi
Possessive forms of vodka
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. vodkám vodkáim
2nd person sing. vodkád vodkáid
3rd person sing. vodkája vodkái
1st person plural vodkánk vodkáink
2nd person plural vodkátok vodkáitok
3rd person plural vodkájuk vodkáik

Further reading[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Icelandic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia is

Etymology[edit]

From Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka n (genitive singular vodka, no plural)

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

From Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka f (invariable)

  1. vodka

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English vodka, from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Noun[edit]

vodka m (plural vodkas)

  1. (Jersey) vodka

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology[edit]

From Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka m (definite singular vodkaen)

  1. vodka

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Noun[edit]

vodka m (definite singular vodkaen)

  1. vodka

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈvɔd͡ʒ.kɐ/, /ˈvɔ.d͡ʒi.kɐ/
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈvɔd͡ʒ.ka/

Noun[edit]

vodka f (plural vodkas)

  1. vodka

Slovak[edit]

Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vodъka, equivalent to voda (water) +‎ -ka (diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka f (genitive singular vodky, nominative plural vodky, genitive plural vodiek, declension pattern of žena)

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • vodka in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Russian во́дка (vódka, literally little water), a diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbodka/, [ˈboð̞.ka]

Noun[edit]

vodka m (plural vodkas)

  1. vodka

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vodka c

  1. vodka

Declension[edit]

Declension of vodka 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative vodka vodkan vodkor vodkorna
Genitive vodkas vodkans vodkors vodkornas