горелка

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Bulgarian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From the verb горя (gorja, burn).

Noun[edit]

горелка (gorélkaf

  1. gas burner

Inflection[edit]


Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

горе́лка (gorélkaf inan (genitive горе́лки, nominative plural горе́лки, genitive plural горе́лок)

  1. burner (of a gas range, heater or light using liquid or gas fuel).
    горе́лка Бу́нзенаgorélka BúnzenaBunsen burner
  2. The nozzle of a welding torch.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ukrainian горілка (horílka). Compare Russian горе́ть (gorétʹ, to burn), Ukrainian горіти (horíty, to burn).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

горе́лка (gorélkaf inan (genitive горе́лки, nominative plural горе́лки, genitive plural горе́лок)

  1. (Southern Russia) vodka, usually in a Ukrainian context.
    • 1835, Nikolai Gogol, Тарас Бульба (Taras Bulʹba).
      ... да горелки побольше, не с выдумками горелки, не с изюмом и всякими вытребеньками, а чистой пенной горелки, чтоб играла и шипела, как бешеная.
      ... and more gorelka, not with fantasies of gorelka, not with raisins and all kinds of frippery, but clean foaming gorelka, to sparkle and hiss like crazy.
Usage notes[edit]

Used in place of the synonym во́дка (vódka) to allude to Ukrainian village custom.

Declension[edit]
References[edit]
  • Natalia M. Kolb-Seletski, “Gastronomy, Gogol, and His Fiction”, in Slavic Review, vol 29, no 1 (March 1970), p 38.: “These traditional Ukrainian dishes—like the Ukrainisms (kavun, horilka, tsybulia, bublyk) that have their Russian equivalents—are mentioned to provide local color.”