горелка

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Bulgarian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From the verb горя (gorja, burn).

Noun[edit]

горелка (gorélkaf

  1. gas burner

Inflection[edit]


Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

горе́лка (gorélkaf inan

  1. burner (of a gas range, heater or light using liquid or gas fuel).
  2. The nozzle of a welding torch.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ukrainian горілка (horílka). Compare Russian гореть (gorét’, to burn), Ukrainian горіти (horíty, to burn).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

горе́лка (gorélkaf inan

  1. (South Russia) vodka, usually in a Ukrainian context.
    • 1835, Nikolai Gogol, Тарас Бульба (Taras Bulʹba).
      ... да горелки побольше, не с выдумками горелки, не с изюмом и всякими вытребеньками, а чистой пенной горелки, чтоб играла и шипела, как бешеная.
      ... and more gorelka, not with fantasies of gorelka, not with raisins and all kinds of frippery, but clean foaming gorelka, to sparkle and hiss like crazy.
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Used in place of the synonym водка (vodka) to allude to Ukrainian village custom.

References[edit]
  • Natalia M. Kolb-Seletski, “Gastronomy, Gogol, and His Fiction”, in Slavic Review, vol 29, no 1 (March 1970), p 38.: “These traditional Ukrainian dishes—like the Ukrainisms (kavun, horilka, tsybulia, bublyk) that have their Russian equivalents—are mentioned to provide local color.”