да

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *da.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

да (da)

  1. word used to indicate agreement or acceptance: yes
    Да, прав си.
    Da, prav si.
    Yes, you are correct.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *da (in the conjunction sense), related to the first etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

да (da)

  1. used to express a command
    Да влезе!
    Da vleze!
    Let him/her/it come in!
    Да не съм те чул да се оплакваш!
    Da ne sǎm te čul da se oplakvaš!
    Don't let me hear you complain!
  2. used to express a wish
    Да почива в мир.
    Da počiva v mir.
    May he/she/it rest in peace.
    Да живее кралят.
    Da živee kraljat.
    Long live the king!
  3. used to make offers, suggestions or ask advice
    Да излезем ли по-късно?
    Da izlezem li po-kǎsno?
    Shall we go out later?
    Да вървим!
    Da vǎrvim!
    Let's go!
  4. used to ask questions
    Да си ми виждал ключовете?
    Da si mi viždal ključovete?
    Have you seen my keys?
    Да съм ти искал мнението?
    Da sǎm ti iskal mnenieto?
    Did I ask for your opinion?

Conjunction[edit]

да (da)

  1. particle: used to mark an infinitive, to (or in some other cases, such as with modal verbs, it is not translated)
    Искам да напусна.
    Iskam da napusna.
    I want to leave.
    Не знам как да го кажа.
    Ne znam kak da go kaža.
    I don’t know how to say it.
    Да се греши е човешко.
    Da se greši e čoveško.
    To err is human.
    Започва да вали.
    Započva da vali.
    It's starting to rain.
    Да ти кажа истината,...
    Da ti kaža istinata,...
    To tell you the truth,...
    Мога да плувам.
    Moga da pluvam.
    I can swim.
    Трябва да тръгвам.
    Trjabva da trǎgvam.
    I must go.
  2. if (only for conditions that are known to be false)
    Да си беше свършил работата както трябва, сега нямаше да сме забъркани в тази каша.
    Da si beše svǎršil rabotata kakto trjabva, sega njamaše da sme zabǎrkani v tazi kaša.
    Had you done your job properly, we wouldn't be in this mess now.

Chechen[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nakh *dād.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

да̄ (v (ergative дас, plural дай)

  1. father

Etymology 2[edit]

See the verb дан.

Verb[edit]

да (da)

  1. to do

Dungan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Standard Mandarin ()

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

да (da) (III)

  1. big

Eastern Mari[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

да (da)

  1. and

Ingush[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nakh *dād.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

да (davb (ergative дас, plural дай)

  1. father

Komi-Zyrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian да (da).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈda/, [ˈdä]
  • Hyphenation: да

Particle[edit]

да (da)

  1. yes

Antonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

да (da)

  1. and
  2. but
  3. because, since
  4. even though, although

References[edit]

  • A. I. Podorova, editor (1948) Коми-Русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], Syktyvkar: Коми Государственное Издательство, page 59
  • L. M. Beznosikova; E. A. Ajbabina; R. I. Kosnyreva (2000) Коми-Русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], →ISBN, page 166

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *da.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [da(ː)]
  • (file)

Adverb[edit]

да (da)

  1. (word used to indicate agreement or acceptance) yes

Conjunction[edit]

да (da)

  1. if

Usage notes[edit]

  • This word is used in the sense of "if" mostly when the following verb is in the past tense or conditional mood or expresses an unrealistic scenario. Otherwise, "ако" tends to be used.

Interjection[edit]

да (da)

  1. really
    Веќе не сакам зима. - Да?Veḱe ne sakam zima. - Da?I no longer like winter. - Really?

Particle[edit]

да (da)

  1. to (particle)
    Почнав да објаснувам.Počnav da objasnuvam.I started to explain.
    Можам да седнам.Možam da sednam.I can sit down.
  2. let, may
    Да не се вратиш никогаш.Da ne se vratiš nikogaš.May you never come back.
    Да му умрат родителите.Da mu umrat roditelite.May his parents die.

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *da.

Conjunction[edit]

да (da)

  1. in order to
  2. that
  3. to

Russian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *da.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

да (da)

  1. yes
    Да, я зна́ю.Da, ja znáju.Yeah, I know.
Descendants[edit]
  • English: da
  • Komi-Zyrian: да (da)
Antonyms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

да (da)

  1. yes (used to confirm that the person being addressed is listening)
  2. right, isn't it (used at the end of an affirmative sentence, turning what was said into a question, asking for confirmation)
    Synonyms: да ведь (da vedʹ), так (tak), так ведь (tak vedʹ), не так ли (ne tak li), ве́рно (vérno), пра́вда (právda), пра́вда ведь (právda vedʹ)
    Ты спра́вишься, да?Ty správišʹsja, da?You can handle this, right?
    Он то́же там у́чится, да?On tóže tam účitsja, da?He studies there too, doesn't he?
  3. really (used to express surprise or ask for confirmation)
    Synonyms: пра́вда (právda), серьёзно (serʹjózno)
    Мы с ней расста́лись уже́ как ме́сяц наза́д.
    Да?
    — My s nej rasstálisʹ užé kak mésjac nazád.
    Da?
    We broke up like a month ago.
    Really?

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

да́ (n inan (indeclinable)

  1. a "yes"
    Я бы сказа́лэ́то большо́е «да».Ja by skazál — éto bolʹšóje “da”.I'd say that's a big "yes".
  2. an affirmation in support of a cause (as used in slogans or appeals)
    Нет дискримина́ции! Да плюрали́зму!Net diskriminácii! Da pljuralízmu!No to discrimination! Yes to pluralism!

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [də]
  • IPA(key): [dɐ] (before a stressed syllable)

Particle[edit]

да (da)

  1. let (+ verb), may (+ verb)
    да бу́дет такda búdet takso be it
    И сказа́л Бог: да бу́дет свет.I skazál Box: da búdet svet.And God said: let there be light.
    Да здра́вствует респу́блика!Da zdrávstvujet respúblika!Long live the republic!

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [də]
  • IPA(key): [dɐ] (before a stressed syllable)

Conjunction[edit]

да (da)

  1. (dated) and
    Он сам о себе́ говори́л, что ему́, как импера́тору Ка́рлу Вели́кому, недосу́г учи́ться чита́ть да писа́ть.
    On sam o sebé govoríl, što jemú, kak imperátoru Kárlu Velíkomu, nedosúg učítʹsja čitátʹ da pisátʹ.
    He said of himself that he was like the Emperor Charlemagne, too busy to learn to read and write.
  2. but
    Да грана́ты у него́ не той систе́мы!
    Da granáty u nevó ne toj sistémy!
    It's just - his grenades are the wrong caliber! (Quoted from White Sun of the Desert after antagonist fails to obtain grenades.)
Descendants[edit]
  • Komi-Zyrian: да (da)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [də]
  • IPA(key): [dɐ] (before a stressed syllable)

Particle[edit]

да (da)

  1. Used as an emphasiser, usually at the start of a sentence or phrase.
    Да ты стал оптими́стом.Da ty stal optimístom.You've become quite the optimist.
    Да он рома́нтик.Da on romántik.He's a real romantic.
    Да что с тобо́й тако́е?Da što s tobój takóje?What's up with you?
    Да как ты сме́ешь?Da kak ty sméješʹ?How dare you?
    да ла́дно (тебе́/вам)da ládno (tebé/vam)come on / give me a break
    ну да ла́дноnu da ládnobut okay / but alright / but whatever / anyway
    да нетda netwell, no / yeah, no / no
    да ещё (и)da ješčó (i)and also / and even
    Да говорю́ же тебе́.Da govorjú že tebé.I'm telling you.
    Да пошёл он (к чёрту).Da pošól on (k čórtu).Oh to hell with him.
    Да э́то же Ник со́бственной персо́ной.Da éto že Nik sóbstvennoj persónoj.Well, if it isn't Nick himself.
    Да кака́я ра́зница?Da kakája ráznica?Who cares?
    да нуda nuyeah, right / come on
    Да ра́ди бо́га.Da rádi bóga.Oh for God's sake.
    Да зна́ю я, в э́том и пробле́ма!Da znáju ja, v étom i probléma!I know, that's the problem!
    Э́то о чём-то да говори́т.Éto o čóm-to da govorít.That says something.
    Я всё для них де́лал, да и сейча́с продолжа́ю де́лать.Ja vsjó dlja nix délal, da i sejčás prodolžáju délatʹ.I've been doing everything for them, and still am now.
  2. Used as an emphasiser before an imperative verb to express urgency.
    Да переста́нь, ты меня́ смуща́ешь.Da perestánʹ, ty menjá smuščáješʹ.Oh stop it, you're embarrassing me.
    Да забу́дь ты уже́ об э́том.Da zabúdʹ ty užé ob étom.Oh forget it already.
    Да заткни́сь же ты наконе́ц.Da zatknísʹ že ty nakonéc.Will you shut it already?

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of дека- (deka-)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈdɛkə-]
  • IPA(key): [ˈdɛkɐ-] (before a stressed syllable)

Prefix[edit]

да (da)

  1. da, deca- (x 10)
References[edit]



Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *da, probably old imperative of the word да̏ти, itself from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- (to give).

Conjunction[edit]

да (Latin spelling da)

  1. that
    рекао је да ће доћиhe said that he would come
    одговорио сам му да немам појма о чему причаI've told him that I have no idea what he was talking about
  2. in order to, to
    дошао је да ми све испричаhe came to tell me everything
    стигао је у нашу земљу да научи наш језикhe arrived in our country in order to learn our language
  3. to (when the subjects of both clauses are not the same)
    он хоће да му покажете пут до станицеhe wants you to show him the way to the station
  4. (Serbian) to (when the subjects of both clauses are the same; for western Serbo-Croatian use infinitive instead of да + present tense)
    он жели да прича с вамаhe wants to talk with you
  5. (subjunctive only) if (= кад)
    да сам на вашем м(ј)есту, не бих се пуно замарао таквим детаљимаif I were you, I wouldn't bother too much with such details
    да си више радио, зарадио би више новцаif you worked harder, you would have earned more money
  6. (with ка̏о) as if, like
    с(ј)ећам се, као да је било јуче(р)I remember, as if it were yesterday
    као да не знаш о чему причамas if you don't know what I'm talking about
  7. (а + да + не) without (usually after negative verbs)
    не могу се укључити у расправу, а да не направим нередI cannot enter a discussion without making a mess
    одлази, а да није рекао ни збогомhe's leaving without even saying goodbye
  8. (а + и + да) even if
    а и да јесам то направио, не би то учинило неку разликуeven if I did it, it wouldn't have made much of a difference
  9. lest
    онај који се бори против чудовишта треба пазити да тиме и сам не постане чудовиштеhe who fights with monsters might take care lest he thereby become a monster

Particle[edit]

да (Latin spelling da)

  1. yes
    Је ли тако? Да!Is that so? Yes!
  2. used when starting a question
    да ли сте жедни?are you thirsty?
    реци ми да ли је то истина?tell me if that is true?
  3. in combination with other words, expressing wish, command etc.
    да се ниси усудио!don't you dare!
    да̑ Бог!may God grant it!
    да почнемо!let's begin!

Yakut[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Yakut даҕаны (dağanı); compare Tuvan даа (daa), Turkish da.

Particle[edit]

да (da)

  1. even; expresses surprise
  2. With interrogative pronouns, forms negative indefinites
  3. ... да ... да = both ... and ...
    оҕо да улахан даoğo da ulaxan da(both) the child and the adult
    мин да, эн даmin da, en dayou and I

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]