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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Probably instrumental case of *do (to, up to, until), from Proto-Indo-European *doh₁ (thus, like so). Similar to Proto-Slavic *ta (and so, thereby) from Proto-Slavic *to (so). Cognate with Ancient Greek δή (dḗ, even, indeed)[1], Proto-Germanic *tō.

Technically, could only reflect the collective case of Proto-Indo-European *dʰe (locative particle), similar to Proto-Slavic *ba from Proto-Indo-European *bʰe (instrumental particle).



  1. yes, yeah (a term used to indicate general agreement)
    Synonym: *ba
    Antonym: *ne



  1. in order to

Derived terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Russian: да (da)
  • South Slavic:
  • Non-Slavic:
    • Romanian: da

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P., “δή”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2010, →ISBN, page 322
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas, “1da”, in Common Slavic accentological word list[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander, 2001: “yes (PR 133)”
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick, “*da”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN, page 94: “conj.”