白酒

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Chinese[edit]

 
white; empty; blank
white; empty; blank; bright; clear; plain; pure; gratuitous
alcoholic drink
simp. and trad.
(白酒)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

白酒

  1. baijiu (distilled liquor)
  2. white wine
  3. (Zhangzhou Hokkien) jiuniang

Usage notes[edit]

To distinguish baijiu from white wine, white wine can be called 白葡萄酒 (báipútáojiǔ).

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: baijiu

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しろ
Grade: 1
さけ > ざけ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Compound of (shiro, white) +‎ (sake, liquor). The sake reading for changes to zake as an instance of rendaku (連濁)..

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白酒(しろざけ) (shirozake

  1. a white, unfiltered, sweet, and sometimes thick porridge-like fermented liquor made from rice; traditionally served at 雛祭り (Hina matsuri) and other festivals
  2. alternate name for 濁酒 (doburoku), 濁り酒 (nigorizake): white unfiltered and sweet sake
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of (shiro, white) +‎ (ki, liquor). The ki reading for is archaic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白酒(しろき) (shiroki

  1. white fermented liquor made from rice, used as an offering at Shinto rituals
    Fermented from specially selected rice, with half used as shiroki and half mixed with incense ash and used as kuroki (黒酒). Used in particular at the 大嘗祭 (daijōsai) and 新嘗祭 (nīnamesai) rituals held in late November, wherein the emperor would beseech the gods for a good harvest in the year to come.
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Compound of (shiro, white) +‎ (sasa, liquor). The sasa reading for is a (にょう)(ぼう)(ことば) (nyōbō kotoba), a term only used by women.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白酒(しろささ) (shirosasa

  1. (nyōbō kotoba) Synonym of 白酒 (shirozake)

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle Chinese 白酒 (MC bˠæk̚ t͡sɨuX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白酒(はくしゅ) (hakushu

  1. generic term for nigorizake, doburoku, shirozake
Usage notes[edit]

This reading using the on'yomi is considered slightly more formal, rather like how words in English that have Latin or Greek roots are considered slightly more formal than synonyms that have Anglo-Saxon roots.

See also[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From modern Mandarin 白酒 (báijiǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白酒(ぱいちゅう) (paichū

  1. Chinese distilled liquor
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is more often spelled in katakana as パイチュー to differentiate from the default hakushu on'yomi for these characters.