ὕδωρ

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See also: ύδωρ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *wódr̥ (genitive *wednós(of water), with ω(ō) from the plural), from the root *wed-, whence also ὕω(húō, to water, to let rain, to rain). Cognates include Latin unda, Sanskrit उदन्(udán), Hittite 𒉿𒀀𒋻(wa-a-tar), Old Armenian գետ(get, river), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐍄𐍉(watō), Old Church Slavonic вода(voda) and Old English wæter (English water).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ὕδωρ ‎(húdōrn ‎(genitive ὕδᾰτος); third declension

  1. water
  2. rainwater, rain
  3. sweat
  4. time (from the waterclocks of Greek legal systems)

Usage notes[edit]

The first upsilon is sometimes lengthened in poetry:

  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.110
    οἱ μὲν ἄρ' οἶνον ἔμισγον ἐνὶ κρητῆρσι καὶ ῡ̔́δωρ,
    some were mixing wine and water in mixing bowls,
  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.216
    ὣς ἔφατ', Ἀσφαλίων δ' ἄρ ῠ̔́δωρ ἐπὶ χεῖρας ἔχευεν,
    So [Menelaus] said, and Asphalion poured water on their hands,

Inflection[edit]

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