ὕδωρ

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See also: ύδωρ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*wed-

From Proto-Indo-European *wódr̥ (genitive *wednós ‎(of water), with ω ‎(ō) from the plural), from the root *wed-, whence also ὕω ‎(húō, to water, to let rain, to rain). Cognates include Latin unda, Sanskrit उदन् ‎(udán), Hittite 𒉿𒀀𒋻 ‎(wa-a-tar), Old Armenian գետ ‎(get, river), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐍄𐍉 ‎(watō), Old Church Slavonic вода ‎(voda) and Old English wæter (English water).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ὕδωρ ‎(húdōrn ‎(genitive ὕδᾰτος); third declension udor ydor udwr may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek ὕδωρ.

  1. water
  2. rainwater, rain
  3. sweat
  4. time (from the waterclocks of Greek legal systems)

Usage notes[edit]

The first upsilon is sometimes lengthened in poetry:

  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.110
    οἱ μὲν ἄρ' οἶνον ἔμισγον ἐνὶ κρητῆρσι καὶ ῡ̔́δωρ,
    some were mixing wine and water in mixing bowls,
  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.216
    ὣς ἔφατ', Ἀσφαλίων δ' ἄρ ῠ̔́δωρ ἐπὶ χεῖρας ἔχευεν,
    So [Menelaus] said, and Asphalion poured water on their hands,

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ὕδωρ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «ὕδωρ» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «ὕδωρ» in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • «ὕδωρ» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.