Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wed-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly related to Proto-Uralic *wete, the source of Finnish vesi and Hungarian víz. The nature of the relationship is unclear and controversial; the word may have been borrowed from Proto-Indo-European into Proto-Uralic, or the reverse. A minority of linguists suggests a common origin from an even earlier proto-language, but this is not generally accepted.

In Proto-Indo-European, the active elemental *wed- (water) was contrasted with the passive *h₂ep- (body of water), similar to the opposition of the active "fire" *h₁n̥gʷnis with the passive *péh₂wr̥.

Root[edit]

*wed-

  1. water

Derived terms[edit]

  • *u-né-d-ti ~ *u-n-d-énti (nasal-infix present)
  • *wod-sḱe- (o-grade sḱe-present)
    • Germanic: *waskaną (to wash) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wód-r̥ (water)
  • *wéd-os- ~ *wéd-es- (water)
    • Old Armenian: գետ (get, river)
  • *wēd-os (wet)
  • *ud-rós (of water, aquatic)
  • Unsorted formations: