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See also: úter


Etymology 1[edit]

For *cuter, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷóteros, from *kʷos (which), ultimately from *kʷ-. See also Ancient Greek πότερος (póteros, which of the two) and English whether.



uter (feminine utra, neuter utrum); first/second declension

  1. either, which (of two)
  2. both

First/second declension, nominative masculine singular in -er, with genitive singular in -īus and dative singular in .

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative uter utra utrum utrī utrae utra
Genitive utrīus utrōrum utrārum utrōrum
Dative utrī utrīs
Accusative utrum utram utrum utrōs utrās utra
Ablative utrō utrā utrō utrīs
Vocative uter utra utrum utrī utrae utra

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For *udris, from Proto-Indo-European *wed- (water). Confer with Ancient Greek ὑδρία (hudría, water-pot, pitcher). Doublet of vitrum.



uter m (genitive utris); third declension

  1. wine or water skin or bottle
  2. bag made of hide (inflated for flotation)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Although the nominative and accusative plural of uter was normally utrēs, the rare alternative neuter plural utria is also attested.

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative uter utrēs
Genitive utris utrium
Dative utrī utribus
Accusative utrem utrēs
Ablative utre utribus
Vocative uter utrēs
Derived terms[edit]


  • uter in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • uter in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • uter in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to offer a person the alternative of... or..: optionem alicui dare, utrum...an
    • (ambiguous) it is a debated point whether... or..: in contentione ponitur, utrum...an
  • uter in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “uter”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 646-647

Old High German[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *ūdarą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ewHdʰr̥-, *h₁owHdʰr̥-, *h₁uHdʰr̥- (udder).


ūter n

  1. udder




Borrowed from Latin uterus, French utérus.



uter n (plural utere)

  1. (anatomy) uterus