quisque

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From quis +‎ -que ("each"). Compare to quisquam.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

quisque m, f (neuter quidque, indefinite)
quisque m (feminine quaeque, neuter quodque, indefinite)

  1. each one, each person
  2. anyone

Inflection[edit]

Irregular substantival pronoun:

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative quisque quidque quīque quaeque
genitive cuiusque
cujusque
quōrumque quārumque quōrumque
dative cuique quibusque
accusative quemque quidque quōsque quāsque quaeque
ablative quōque quibusque

Irregular adjectival pronoun:

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative quisque quaeque quodque quīque quaeque
genitive cuiusque
cujusque
quōrumque quārumque quōrumque
dative cuique quibusque
accusative quemque quamque quodque quōsque quāsque quaeque
ablative quōque quāque quōque quibusque


Usage notes:

  • The dative or ablative plural quīsque does appear in Titus Lucretius Carus' De rerum natura book IV: "praesto sint simulacra locis in quisque parata"[1][2] Some old editions of the 18th and 19th century however have "Praesto sint simulacra, locos in quosque, parata"[3][4]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • quisque in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • quisque in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “quisque”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • quisque” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • all learned men: omnes docti, quivis doctus, doctissimus quisque
    • (ambiguous) at the first opportunity: primo quoque tempore
    • (ambiguous) every fifth year: quinto quoque anno
  1. ^ Friedrich Neue, Formenlehre der Lateinischen Sprache, 2nd part, 2nd edition, Berlin, 1875, p. 245: "Dat. und Ablat. Plur. [...] neben quibusque auch quisque Lucr. 4, 798".
  2. ^ Lukrez: Von der Natur. Lateinisch-deutsch. Herausgegeben und übersetzt von Hermann Diels. 3rd edition, 2013, p. 354, line 798
  3. ^ T. Lucretii Cari de rerum natura libros sex. Edited by Ricardus Bentleius and Gilbertus Wakefield, vol. II., London, 1797, p. 328, line 799, with the note: "Ver. 799. sint: Vind. V. ed. B. L. Δ. Π. Σ. in; M. sin: sed nullum esse dubitandi locum de vulgatâ voce censeo.—locos: O. Σ. locis, ut editiones communes; vetustis exemplis universis contra stantibus, non auscultandae.—quosque: sic P. Δ. Π. reliqui omnes, quisque; quae vox quo pacto cum locos in unâ sede morari queat, non invenio. Quod edidi, prius ex conjecturâ scripseram, quam libros ullos noverim concordantes. In locos autem exquisitissime dictum est pro vulgari in locis: me videas ad i. 889. Hyginus, fab. xli. "Quem pater cum mitteret, praedixit ei, ut, si victor reverteretur, vela candida in novem haberet." Qui locus incontinentes correctorum manus expertus est, Munckero tamen merito defensus. Idem, fab. cxxxix. "Juno autem Jovem in Cretensi insulâ detulit."
  4. ^ Titi Lucretii Cari de rerum natura libri sex. Edited by P. Aug. Lemaire, vol. I., Paris, 1838, p. 526, line 800, with the note: "800. Locos in quosque. Vulgo locis in queisque, vetustis exemplis universis contra stantibus. In locos autem exquisitissime dictum pro vulgari in locis, vide ad I, 889. Wak."

Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

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Noun[edit]

quisque m (uncountable)

  1. (informal) person, someone
    todo quisque - "everyone"