totus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Uncertain. Perhaps related to Oscan 𐌕𐌏𐌖𐌕𐌏 (touto, community, city-state), Umbrian 𐌕𐌏𐌕𐌀𐌌 (totam, tribe, acc.), from Proto-Italic *toutā (people; populace, citizenship) from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂ (people).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tōtus (feminine tōta, neuter tōtum); first/second-declension adjective (pronominal)

  1. whole, all, entire, total, complete, every part
  2. all together, all at once

Usage notes[edit]

  • In separating totus from omnis it can be useful to remember Quintilian's sentence (Ins.Or.8.3.70), "minus est tamen totum dicere, quam omnia" ("It is less to say the whole, than all the parts.").
Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective (pronominal).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative tōtus tōta tōtum tōtī tōtae tōta
Genitive tōtī̆us tōtōrum tōtārum tōtōrum
Dative tōtī tōtīs
Accusative tōtum tōtam tōtum tōtōs tōtās tōta
Ablative tōtō tōtā tōtō tōtīs
Vocative tōte tōta tōtum tōtī tōtae tōta
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Aromanian: tut, tot
  • Asturian: tou
  • English: tot (through totalis)
  • Catalan: tot
  • Dalmatian: tot
  • Franco-Provençal: tot
  • French: tout
  • Friulian: dut
  • Interlingua: tote
  • Istriot: doûto
  • Istro-Romanian: tot
  • Italian: tutto
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • tōtus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • totus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • totus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the perfect harmony of the universe: totius mundi convenientia et consensus
    • to spread over the whole body: per totum corpus diffundi
    • to be at the beck and call of another; to be his creature: totum se fingere et accommodare ad alicuius arbitrium et nutum
    • to devote oneself absolutely to the pursuit of pleasure: se totum voluptatibus dedere, tradere
    • to devote oneself entirely to literature: se totum litteris tradere, dedere
    • to be quite engrossed in literary studies: se totum in litteras or se litteris abdere
    • to upset the whole system: totam rationem evertere (pass. iacet tota ratio)
    • to love some one very dearly, with all one's heart: aliquem toto pectore, ut dicitur, amare (Leg. 18. 49)
    • to put oneself entirely in some one's hands: totum se committere, tradere alicui
    • to abandon oneself (entirely) to debauchery: se (totum) libidinibus dedere
    • credit is low throughout Italy: fides tota Italia est angusta
    • to devote oneself body and soul to the good of the state: totum et animo et corpore in salutem rei publicae se conferre

Etymology 2[edit]

From tot (so many).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tŏtus (feminine tŏta, neuter tŏtum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (very rare) so great a ——
    quotcumque pedum spatia facienda censueris, totam partem longitudinis et latitudinis duces
    of however many feet you have determined the gaps are to be made, you will take as great a part of the length and breadth
Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative tŏtus tŏta tŏtum tŏtī tŏtae tŏta
Genitive tŏtī tŏtae tŏtī tŏtōrum tŏtārum tŏtōrum
Dative tŏtō tŏtō tŏtīs
Accusative tŏtum tŏtam tŏtum tŏtōs tŏtās tŏta
Ablative tŏtō tŏtā tŏtō tŏtīs
Vocative tŏte tŏta tŏtum tŏtī tŏtae tŏta

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • tŏtus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • totus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • totus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette