omnis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃ep-ni-(working), from the verbal root *h₃ep-(to work”, and hence “to possess). Related to ops and opus. It could also reflect the base Proto-Indo-European *h₁op-(to work, to take) (compare optō), to which de Vaan gives a slight preference for semantic reasons.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

omnis m, f ‎(neuter omne); third declension

  1. (singular) every
    • Vergilius, Aeneis; Book V, line 710
      Superanda omnis fortuna ferendo est.
      Every misfortune is to be overcome by enduring.
  2. (plural) all
    • Attributed to Ennius by Augustinus in De Trinitate; Book XIII, Chapter III
      Omnes mortales esse laudarier optant.
      All mortals wish to be praised.

Declension[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative omnis omne omnēs omnia
genitive omnis omnium
dative omnī omnibus
accusative omnem omne omnēs omnia
ablative omnī omnibus
vocative omnis omne omnēs omnia

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • omnis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • omnis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.omnis”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • in all directions: quoquo versus; in omnes partes
    • to gaze intently all around: in omnes partes aciem (oculorum) intendere
    • to live (all) one's life (honourably, in the country, as a man of learning): vitam, aetatem (omnem aetatem, omne aetatis tempus) agere (honeste, ruri, in litteris), degere, traducere
    • (ambiguous) from every point of view; looked at in every light: omni ex parte; in omni genere; omnibus rebus
    • to drain the cup of sorrow: omnes labores exanclare
    • to be prepared for all that may come: ad omnes casus subsidia comparare
    • to overwhelm with eulogy: omni laude cumulare aliquem
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omnes nervos in aliqua re contendere
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omni ope atque opera or omni virium contentione eniti, ut
    • to give all one's attention to a thing: omnes cogitationes ad aliquid conferre
    • it is a recognised fact: inter omnes constat
    • to devote all one's leisure moments to study: omne (otiosum) tempus in litteris consumere
    • to employ all one's energies on literary work: omne studium in litteris collocare, ad litteras conferre
    • a man perfect in all branches of learning: vir omni doctrina eruditus
    • all learned men: omnes docti, quivis doctus, doctissimus quisque
    • to have attained to a high degree of culture: omni vita atque victu excultum atque expolitum esse (Brut. 25. 95)
    • to be quite uncivilised: omnis cultus et humanitatis expertem esse
    • to be quite uncivilised: ab omni cultu et humanitate longe abesse (B. G. 1. 1. 3)
    • the whole domain of philosophy: omnes philosophiae loci
    • systematic succession, concatenation: continuatio seriesque rerum, ut alia ex alia nexa et omnes inter se aptae colligataeque sint (N. D. 1. 4. 9)
    • all agree on this point: omnes (uno ore) in hac re consentiunt
    • (ambiguous) universal history: omnis memoria, omnis memoria aetatum, temporum, civitatum or omnium rerum, gentium, temporum, saeculorum memoria
    • in everything nature defies imitation: in omni re vincit imitationem veritas
    • to banish all sad thoughts: omnem luctum plane abstergere
    • to prepare oneself for all contingencies: ad omnes casus se comparare
    • to be quite insensible to all feelings of humanity: omnem humanitatem exuisse, abiecisse (Lig. 5. 14)
    • to be quite insensible of all feelings to humanity: omnem humanitatis sensum amisisse
    • to be absolutely wanting in sympathy: omnis humanitatis expertem esse
    • to stifle, repress all humane sentiments in one's mind: omnem humanitatem ex animo exstirpare (Amic. 13. 48)
    • to be free from faults: omni vitio carere
    • to fulfil one's duty in every detail: omnes officii partes exsequi
    • to annihilate all religious feeling: omnem religionem tollere, delere
    • the house is not large enough for all: domus non omnes capit (χωρειν)
    • to provide some one with a livelihood: omnes ad vitam copias suppeditare alicui
    • to devote one's every thought to the state's welfare: in rem publicam omni cogitatione curaque incumbere (Fam. 10. 1. 2)
    • to devote one's every thought to the state's welfare: omnes curas et cogitationes in rem publicam conferre
    • to devote one's every thought to the state's welfare: omnes curas in rei publicae salute defigere (Phil. 14. 5. 13)
    • people of every rank: homines omnis generis
    • to upset the whole constitution: omnes leges confundere
    • to proclaim a general amnesty: omnem memoriam discordiarum oblivione sempiterna delere (Phil. 1. 1. 1)
    • (ambiguous) to be elected unanimousl: omnes centurias ferre or omnium suffragiis, cunctis centuriis creari
    • to trample all law under foot: ius ac fas omne delere
    • to issue a general call to arms: omnes ad arma convocare
    • to concentrate all the troops at one point: cogere omnes copias in unum locum
    • to carry on a war energetically: omni studio in (ad) bellum incumbere
    • they perished to a man: ad unum omnes perierunt
    • (ambiguous) the visible world: haec omnia, quae videmus
    • (ambiguous) Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles, vir omnium, qui tum fuerunt, clarissimus
    • (ambiguous) to tremble in every limb: omnibus artubus contremiscere
    • (ambiguous) to draw every one's eyes upon one: omnium oculos (et ora) ad se convertere
    • (ambiguous) to attract universal attention: omnium animos or mentes in se convertere
    • (ambiguous) before every one, in the sight of the world: in conspectu omnium or omnibus inspectantibus
    • (ambiguous) to take in everything at a glance: omnia uno aspectu, conspectu intueri
    • (ambiguous) to outlive, survive all one's kin: omnium suorum or omnibus suis superstitem esse
    • (ambiguous) to be affected by disease in every limb; to be paralysed: omnibus membris captum esse
    • (ambiguous) from every point of view; looked at in every light: omni ex parte; in omni genere; omnibus rebus
    • (ambiguous) everything depends on you: in te omnia sunt
    • (ambiguous) all depends on this; this is the decisive point: in ea re omnia vertuntur
    • (ambiguous) to put the matter entirely in some one's hands: arbitrio alicuius omnia permittere
    • (ambiguous) to put the matter entirely in some one's hands: omnium rerum arbitrium alicui permittere
    • (ambiguous) on every occasion; at every opportunity: quotienscunque occasio oblata est; omnibus locis
    • (ambiguous) to be very rich; to be in a position of affluence: omnibus opibus circumfluere
    • (ambiguous) to live in great affluence: in omnium rerum abundantia vivere
    • (ambiguous) to be reduced to (abject) poverty: ad egestatem, ad inopiam (summam omnium rerum) redigi
    • (ambiguous) to consider one's own advantage in everything: omnia ad suam utilitatem referre
    • (ambiguous) to win golden opinions from every one: omnium undique laudem colligere
    • (ambiguous) to win golden opinions from every one: maximam ab omnibus laudem adipisci
    • (ambiguous) to be in every one's mouth: in ore omnium or omnibus (hominum or hominibus, but only mihi, tibi, etc.) esse
    • (ambiguous) to be in every one's mouth: per omnium ora ferri
    • (ambiguous) the common opinion, the general idea: existimatio hominum, omnium
    • (ambiguous) to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omnibus viribusor nervis contendere, ut
    • (ambiguous) perfect in every detail: omnibus numeris absolutus (N. D. 2. 13)
    • (ambiguous) to be truthful in all one's statements: omnia ad veritatem dicere
    • (ambiguous) unless I'm greatly mistaken: nisi omnia me fallunt
    • (ambiguous) advice is useless in this case; the situation is very embarrassing: omnia consilia frigent (Verr. 2. 25)
    • (ambiguous) after mature deliberation: omnibus rebus circumspectis
    • (ambiguous) to consent to..., lend oneself to..: descendere ad aliquid, ad omnia (vid. sect. V. 9, note Similarly descendere...)
    • (ambiguous) nothing will ever make me forgetful of him: semper memoria eius in (omnium) mentibus haerebit
    • (ambiguous) unanimously: uno, communi, summo or omnium consensu (Tusc. 1. 15. 35)
    • (ambiguous) universal history: omnis memoria, omnis memoria aetatum, temporum, civitatum or omnium rerum, gentium, temporum, saeculorum memoria
    • (ambiguous) a master-piece of classical work: opus omnibus numeris absolutum
    • (ambiguous) to be unable to say all one wants: verbis non omnia exsequi posse
    • (ambiguous) all this means to say: omnia verba huc redeunt
    • (ambiguous) to be ready to endure anything: omnia perpeti paratum esse
    • (ambiguous) absolute despair; a hopeless situation: desperatio rerum (omnium) (Catil. 2. 11. 25)
    • (ambiguous) to make virtue the standard in every thought and act: omnia consilia et facta ad virtutem referre (Phil. 10. 10. 20)
    • (ambiguous) a life defiled by every crime: vita omnibus flagitiis, vitiis dedita
    • (ambiguous) a life defiled by every crime: vita omnibus flagitiis inquinata
    • (ambiguous) to fool a person thoroughly: omnibus artibus aliquem ludificari, eludere
    • (ambiguous) to be moderate in all things, commit no excess: omnia modice agere
    • (ambiguous) to have no principles: omnia temere agere, nullo iudicio uti
    • (ambiguous) belief in God is part of every one's nature: omnibus innatum est et in animo quasi insculptum esse deum
    • (ambiguous) Nature has implanted in all men the idea of a God: natura in omnium animis notionem dei impressit (N. D. 1. 16. 43)
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) to proclaim a public thanksgiving at all the street-shrines of the gods: supplicationem indicere ad omnia pulvinaria (Liv. 27. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to drive a person out of house and home: exturbare aliquem omnibus fortunis, e possessionibus
    • (ambiguous) to be abandoned to a life of excess: omnium rerum copia diffluere
    • (ambiguous) to have the good of the state at heart: omnia de re publica praeclara atque egregia sentire
    • (ambiguous) people of every rank and age: homines omnium ordinum et aetatum
    • (ambiguous) to cause universal disorder: omnia turbare ac miscere
    • (ambiguous) general confusion; anarchy: perturbatio omnium rerum (Flacc. 37)
    • (ambiguous) anarchy reigns supreme: omnia divina humanaque iura permiscentur (B. C. 1. 6. 8)
    • (ambiguous) to enjoy absolute immunity: immunitatem omnium rerum habere
    • (ambiguous) to be elected unanimousl: omnes centurias ferre or omnium suffragiis, cunctis centuriis creari
    • (ambiguous) to trample all law under foot: omnia iura pervertere
    • (ambiguous) everywhere the torch of war is flaming: omnia bello flagrant or ardent (Fam. 4. 1. 2)
    • (ambiguous) to ravage with fire and sword: omnia ferro ignique, ferro atque igni or ferro flammaque vastare
    • (ambiguous) to give up one's person and all one's possessions to the conqueror: se suaque omnia dedere victori
    • (ambiguous) to give up one's person and all one's possessions to the conqueror: se suaque omnia permittere victoris potestati
    • (ambiguous) all have perished by the sword: omnia strata sunt ferro
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 428