pars pro toto

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From pars (part) + prō (for) + tōtō, ablative singular of tōtus (whole, entire).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈpars proː ˈtoː.toː/, [ˈpars proː ˈt̪oː.t̪oː]


pars prō tōtō f sg (genitive partis prō tōtō); third declension

  1. A type of metonymy in which an entity (person, object) is referred to by a (conspicuous) part, for the whole, e.g. a country by its capital.
    "Rome (says ...)" can just as well be a pars pro toto for Italy (in practice the Italian government) as a pars pro toto for the Roman Catholic church, notably the papacy as its universal government

Usage notes[edit]


Third-declension noun (i-stem, ablative singular in -e or occasionally ) with an indeclinable portion, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative pars prō tōtō
Genitive partis prō tōtō
Dative partī prō tōtō
Accusative partem prō tōtō
Ablative parte prō tōtō
partī prō tōtō
Vocative pars prō tōtō

See also[edit]