pro

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: -pro-, pro-, Pro, Pro., PRO, pró, and prò

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

from Provençal, with the final o for old. Compare fro.

Symbol[edit]

pro

  1. ISO 639 code for Old Provençal / Old Occitan.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Middle English pro, from Latin prō (on behalf of).

Noun[edit]

pro (plural pros)

  1. An advantage of something, especially when contrasted with its disadvantages (cons).
    Synonyms: advantage, plus, upside
    Antonyms: con, disadvantage, downside, minus
    What are the pros and cons of buying a car?
  2. A person who supports a concept or principle.
    Antonym: anti
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. In favor of.
    Antonym: anti
    He is pro exercise but against physical exertion, quite a conundrum.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of professional.

Noun[edit]

pro (plural pros)

  1. A professional sportsman.
  2. (colloquial) Professional.
    When it comes to DIY, he's a real pro.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pro (comparative more pro, superlative most pro)

  1. Professional.
    He landed a pro mentorship gig.

Etymology 3[edit]

Clipping of prostitute.

Noun[edit]

pro (plural pros)

  1. A prostitute.
    • 1974, "Fynn" (Sydney Hopkins), Mister God, This Is Anna
      Millie was one of the dozen or so pros who had a house at the top of the street.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

pro m (plural pros)

  1. pro; benefit; bonus

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. pro, for; in favour of

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro + accusative

  1. for

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

pro n

  1. pro (advantage)
    Synonym: klad
    Antonyms: proti, zápor
    Všechno má svá pro a proti.Everything has its pros and cons.

Further reading[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pro/
  • Hyphenation: pro

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. caused by, because of, owing to, due to
  2. motivated by, for the sake of, on account of, for
  3. in exchange for

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of professionnel(le).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pro (plural pros)

  1. (informal) professional
    Il est très pro.

Noun[edit]

pro m or f (plural pros)

  1. (informal) professional
    Elle est une vraie pro.
  2. (informal) a whiz, someone who is very good at something
    Nous avons affaire à un pro !

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin prō (for)

Preposition[edit]

pro (+ accusative or dative)

  1. per, each
    Synonyms: je, für
    Samt Mehrwertsteuer ergibt sich ein Kaufpreis von rund 30 Euro pro Stück
    After VAT the price comes to around 30 euros each.
    Der durchschnittliche Pro-Kopf-Konsum von Bier in Deutschland im Jahr 2018 summierte sich auf rund 101,1 Liter.
    Average beer consumption in Germany in 2018 came to 101.1 liters per head.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Followed by a noun in either the accusative or dative case. No semantic distinction is made between the cases here. Examples from Duden:
    pro gefahrenen / gefahrenem Kilometerper kilometer travelled
    pro verkauftes / verkauftem Exemplarfor every copy sold
  • When used in a Latin phrase, the ablative is used according to the rules of Latin grammar: pars pro toto or Pars pro Toto, and pro forma or pro Forma.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pro in Duden online

Ido[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. because of

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpro]
  • Hyphenation: pro

Etymology 1[edit]

From learned borrowing from Latin pro.

Adjective[edit]

pro (plural pro-pro)

  1. (colloquial) pro, in favor of.
    Synonym: setuju
  2. more.
    Synonym: lebih

Etymology 2[edit]

From clipping of profesional (professional).

Noun[edit]

pro (plural, first-person possessive proku, second-person possessive promu, third-person possessive pronya)

  1. Clipping of profesional (professional)..

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. for, to

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin prō (for, on behalf of).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /prɔ/, [pr̺ɔ], /pro/, [pr̺o]
  • Rhymes: , -o

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. (archaic) for, in favour of
Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

pro m (invariable)

  1. (dated) good, benefit, advantage, weal
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Inferno, Le Monnier (1994), Canto II, p. 29, vv. 109-111:
      Al mondo non fur mai persone ratte ¶ a far lor pro o a fuggir lor danno, ¶ com'io, dopo cotai parole fatte.
      Never were persons in the world so swift ¶ to work their weal and to escape their woe, ¶ as I, after such words as these were uttered.
  2. pro (as in English “pros and cons”)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English pro.

Noun[edit]

pro m (invariable)

  1. (slang) pro

Ladin[edit]

Noun[edit]

pro m (plural pro)

  1. good; benefit; advantage

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pro-, o-grade of *per-.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

prō + ablative (LL. also + accusative)

  1. for
  2. on behalf of, in the interest of, for the sake of
  3. before
  4. in front, instead of
  5. about
  6. according to
  7. as, like
  8. as befitting

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Vulgar Latin: *por (see there for further descendants)
  • English: pro
  • German: pro
  • Portuguese: pró

References[edit]

  • pro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pro in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • pro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make up, stir up a fire: ignem excitare (pro Mur. 25. 51)
    • as well as I can; to the best of my ability: pro viribus or pro mea parte
    • as well as I can; to the best of my ability: pro virili parte (cf. sect. V. 22.)
    • to die for one's country: mortem occumbere pro patria
    • to shed one's blood for one's fatherland: sanguinem suum pro patria effundere or profundere
    • to sacrifice oneself for one's country: vitam profundere pro patria
    • to sacrifice oneself for one's country: se morti offerre pro salute patriae
    • according to circumstances: pro re (nata), pro tempore
    • according to circumstances: pro tempore et pro re
    • to avoid no risk in order to..: nullum periculum recusare pro
    • to show gratitude (in one's acts): gratiam alicui referre (meritam, debitam) pro aliqua re
    • to thank a person (in words): gratias alicui agere pro aliqua re
    • to return good for evil: pro maleficiis beneficia reddere
    • according to a man's deserts: ex, pro merito
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: pro viribus eniti et laborare, ut
    • this much I can vouch for: illud pro certo affirmare licet
    • to quote an argument in favour of immortality: argumentum immortalitatis afferre (not pro)
    • this goes to prove what I say: hoc est a (pro) me
    • the matter speaks for itself: res ipsa (pro me apud te) loquitur
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): verbum pro verbo reddere
    • to be security for some one: sponsionem facere, sponsorem esse pro aliquo
    • to revenge oneself on another for a thing or on some one's behalf: ulcisci aliquem pro aliquo or pro aliqua re
    • to give some one satisfaction for an injury: satisfacere alicui pro (de) iniuriis
    • to tell lies: falsa (pro veris) dicere
    • a religious war: bellum pro religionibus susceptum
    • to sacrifice human victims: pro victimis homines immolare
    • to fight for hearth and home: pro aris et focis pugnare, certare, dimicare
    • to support a bill (before the people): pro lege dicere
    • to go to Cilicia as pro-consul: pro consule in Ciliciam proficisci
    • to give evidence on some one's behalf: testimonium dicere pro aliquo
    • to state as evidence: pro testimonio dicere
    • to defend a person: causam dicere pro aliquo
    • to punish some one: ulcisci aliquem (pro aliqua re)
    • to be on duty before the gates: stationes agere pro portis
  • pro in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  1. ^ pro-” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. per

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pro

  1. (Late Middle English, rare) advantage, benefit, upside

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. enough
    N'i a pro. - There is enough (of it).
  2. quite
    Una rauba pro polida. - A quite pretty dress.

Old French[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. (very early Old French) Alternative form of por

Usage notes[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

pro

  1. (colloquial) contraction of para (for) + o (the)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A recent Latinism, borrowed from Latin prō; see above. Doublet of por.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. pro, in favor of, for

Usage notes[edit]

Equivalent to, and often replaced with, en pro de (see en, de) or a favor de (see a, favor).

Noun[edit]

pro m or f (plural pros)

  1. pro (professional)

Adjective[edit]

pro (plural pros)

  1. pro (professional)

Volapük[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. for