pro

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See also: -pro-, pro-, Pro, Pro., PRO, pró, and prò

Translingual[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

from Provençal, with the final o for old. Compare fro.

Symbol[edit]

pro

  1. ISO 639 code for Old Provençal.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin prō(on behalf of).

Noun[edit]

pro ‎(plural pros)

  1. An advantage of something, especially when contrasted with its disadvantages (cons).
    What are the pros and cons of buying a car?
  2. A person who supports a concept or principle.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. In favor of.
    He is pro exercise but against physical exertion, quite a conundrum.
Antonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened from professional.

Noun[edit]

pro ‎(plural pros)

  1. A professional sportsman.
  2. (colloquial) Professional.
    When it comes to DIY, he's a real pro.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pro ‎(comparative more pro, superlative most pro)

  1. Professional.
    He landed a pro mentorship gig.

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortening.

Noun[edit]

pro ‎(plural pros)

  1. A prostitute.
    • 1974, "Fynn" (Sydney Hopkins), Mister God, This Is Anna
      Millie was one of the dozen or so pros who had a house at the top of the street.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro + accusative

  1. for

Noun[edit]

pro n

  1. pro (advantage)
    Všechno má svá pro a proti.Everything has its pros and cons.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • pro in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • pro in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Esperanto[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. caused by, because of, owing to, due to
  2. motivated by, for the sake of, on account of, for
  3. in exchange for

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened from professionnel(le).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pro m, f ‎(plural pros)

  1. professional
    Il est très pro.

Noun[edit]

pro m, f ‎(plural pros)

  1. professional
    Elle est une vraie pro.
  2. a whiz, someone who is very good at something
    Nous avons affaire à un pro !

External links[edit]


German[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro ‎(+ dative)

  1. per

Usage notes[edit]

  • When used with Latin words, the ablative is used as in pars pro toto or Pars pro Toto, and pro forma or pro Forma.

Ido[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. because of

Interlingua[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. for, to

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prō(for, on behalf of).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /prɔ/, [pr̺ɔ], /pro/, [pr̺o]
  • Rhymes: , -o

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. (archaic) for, in favour of

Noun[edit]

pro m ‎(invariable)

  1. (dated) good, benefit, advantage, weal
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Inferno, Le Monnier (1994), Canto II, p. 29, vv. 109-111:
      Al mondo non fur mai persone ratte ¶ a far lor pro o a fuggir lor danno, ¶ com'io, dopo cotai parole fatte.
      Never were persons in the world so swift ¶ to work their weal and to escape their woe, ¶ as I, after such words as these were uttered.
  2. pro (as in English “pros and cons”)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from English pro.

Noun[edit]

pro m ‎(invariable)

  1. (slang) pro

Ladin[edit]

Noun[edit]

pro m ‎(plural pro)

  1. good; benefit; advantage

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pro-, form of *per-.[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

prō + ablative (LL. also + accusative)

  1. for
  2. on behalf of
  3. before
  4. in front, instead of
  5. about
  6. according to
  7. as, like
  8. as befitting

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • PRO in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.pro”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make up, stir up a fire: ignem excitare (pro Mur. 25. 51)
    • as well as I can; to the best of my ability: pro viribus or pro mea parte
    • as well as I can; to the best of my ability: pro virili parte (cf. sect. V. 22.)
    • to die for one's country: mortem occumbere pro patria
    • to shed one's blood for one's fatherland: sanguinem suum pro patria effundere or profundere
    • to sacrifice oneself for one's country: vitam profundere pro patria
    • to sacrifice oneself for one's country: se morti offerre pro salute patriae
    • according to circumstances: pro re (nata), pro tempore
    • according to circumstances: pro tempore et pro re
    • to avoid no risk in order to..: nullum periculum recusare pro
    • to show gratitude (in one's acts): gratiam alicui referre (meritam, debitam) pro aliqua re
    • to thank a person (in words): gratias alicui agere pro aliqua re
    • to return good for evil: pro maleficiis beneficia reddere
    • according to a man's deserts: ex, pro merito
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: pro viribus eniti et laborare, ut
    • this much I can vouch for: illud pro certo affirmare licet
    • to quote an argument in favour of immortality: argumentum immortalitatis afferre (not pro)
    • this goes to prove what I say: hoc est a (pro) me
    • the matter speaks for itself: res ipsa (pro me apud te) loquitur
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): verbum pro verbo reddere
    • to be security for some one: sponsionem facere, sponsorem esse pro aliquo
    • to revenge oneself on another for a thing or on some one's behalf: ulcisci aliquem pro aliquo or pro aliqua re
    • to give some one satisfaction for an injury: satisfacere alicui pro (de) iniuriis
    • to tell lies: falsa (pro veris) dicere
    • a religious war: bellum pro religionibus susceptum
    • to sacrifice human victims: pro victimis homines immolare
    • to fight for hearth and home: pro aris et focis pugnare, certare, dimicare
    • to support a bill (before the people): pro lege dicere
    • to go to Cilicia as pro-consul: pro consule in Ciliciam proficisci
    • to give evidence on some one's behalf: testimonium dicere pro aliquo
    • to state as evidence: pro testimonio dicere
    • to defend a person: causam dicere pro aliquo
    • to punish some one: ulcisci aliquem (pro aliqua re)
    • to be on duty before the gates: stationes agere pro portis
  • pro in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  1. ^ pro-” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Lojban[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

pro (or alternate rafsi fap )

  1. rafsi of fapro(opposes/balances/contends against).

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. per

Old French[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. (very early Old French) Alternative form of por

Usage notes[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Contraction[edit]

pro

  1. (colloquial) contraction of para(for) + o(the)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A recent Latinism, from the Latin prō; see above.

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. pro, in favor of, for

Usage notes[edit]

Equivalent to, and often replaced with, en pro de (see en, de) or a favor de (see a, favor).


Volapük[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pro

  1. for