minus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Minus and mínus

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin minus, neuter form of minor, comparative form of parvus (small, little), from the Proto-Indo-European root *mey- (few, small).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: mīn-əs, IPA(key): /ˈmaɪnəs/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪnəs

Preposition[edit]

minus

  1. (mathematics) Made less or reduced by (followed by an expression of number or quantity). [from 15th c.]
    seven minus two is five
    Antonym: plus
  2. (informal) Without; deprived of. [from 19th c.]
    I walked out minus my coat.
    Synonyms: lacking, without

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

minus (plural minuses)

  1. (mathematics) The minus sign (). [from 16th c.]
  2. (mathematics) A negative quantity. [from 18th c.]
  3. A downside or disadvantage. [from 20th c.]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

minus (not comparable)

  1. Being a negative quantity; pertaining to a deficit or reduction. [from 18th c.]
    a minus number
  2. That is below zero by (a specified amount) on a scale. [from 19th c.]
    minus seven degrees
  3. (colloquial, obsolete) Worse off than before; out of pocket. [19th c.]
    • 1808–10, William Hickey, Memoirs of a Georgian Rake, Folio Society 1995, p. 301:
      The races being finished, we left Epsom for London, Mordaunt's natural vile temper not being at all improved by being three hundred pounds minus by the week's speculation [] .
  4. (postpositive) Ranking just below (a designated rating). [from 19th c.]
    He got a grade of B minus for his essay.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

minus (third-person singular simple present minuses, present participle minusing, simple past and past participle minused)

  1. (transitive, colloquial) To subtract. [from 20th c.]
    • 2011, Laura Christine Bofferding, Expanding the Numerical Central Conceptual Structure:
      Four plus one is 5 and you go down because it's minusing, []

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin minus (less).

Noun[edit]

minus

  1. minus

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin minus, from minor.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

minus

  1. minus

Noun[edit]

minus m

  1. minus

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • minus in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • minus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

minus

  1. minus
    Tri minus du estas unu.Three minus two is one.
    Antonym: plus

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

minus

  1. (mathematics) minus, less
    vier minus drei ist eins.4–3=1
    Synonym: weniger
    Antonym: plus

See also[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Adverb[edit]

minus (not comparable)

  1. less (used to form comparatives)

le minus

  1. the least (used to form superlatives)

Antonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *minos. Related to minor.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

minus

  1. nominative neuter singular of minor
  2. accusative neuter singular of minor
  3. vocative neuter singular of minor

Adverb[edit]

minus

  1. comparative degree of paulum

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin minus

Adverb[edit]

minus

  1. minus

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin minus

Adverb[edit]

minus

  1. minus

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

minus m inan

  1. minus, minus sign

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mínus m (Cyrillic spelling ми́нус)

  1. minus sign
  2. minuns, defect, deficiency

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

minus n

  1. minus sign, minus

Preposition[edit]

minus

  1. (mathematics) minus
    Tre minus två är ett.
    Three minus two is one.

Derived terms[edit]


Veps[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

minus

  1. inessive of minä