mens

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: men's

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

mens

  1. Misspelling of men's.

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch mens.

Noun[edit]

mens ‎(plural mense)

  1. person; human being

Danish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse meðan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

mens

  1. while (during the same time that)
  2. while (although)
  3. whereas

Related terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *mennisko(a human), a substantivised form of the adjective *mennisk(human, humanlike), from Proto-Germanic *manniskaz. Compare German Mensch, Swedish människa. Obsolete Dutch spelling: mensch.

Noun[edit]

mens m ‎(plural mensen, diminutive mensje n)

  1. human, man (as a species), humanity
    De mens is van nature een politiek dier.
    Man is by nature a political animal.
    Ik ben ook maar een mens!
    I'm only human!

Noun[edit]

mens n ‎(plural mensen, diminutive mensje n)

  1. (informal) woman
    Dat mens werkt me echt op de zenuwen.
    That woman really annoys me.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mens

  1. first-person singular present indicative of mentir
  2. second-person singular present indicative of mentir
  3. second-person singular imperative of mentir

Ladin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mensis.

Noun[edit]

mens m ‎(plural mensc)

  1. month

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *méntis(thought). Cognates include Ancient Greek μένος(ménos), μιμνήσκω(mimnḗskō), μνήμη(mnḗmē), μανίᾱ(maníā), μαινάς(mainás), μάντις(mántis), αὐτόματος(autómatos), μανθάνω(manthánō), Sanskrit मति(matí), Russian мнить(mnitʹ, to think), and Old English ġemynd (English mind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mēns f ‎(genitive mentis); third declension

  1. mind
  2. intellect
  3. reasoning, judgement

Declension[edit]

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
nominative mēns mentēs
genitive mentis mentium
dative mentī mentibus
accusative mentem mentēs
ablative mente mentibus
vocative mēns mentēs

Usage notes[edit]

In most classical Latin, the ablative singular mente was used with a feminine adjective to form a phrasal adverb that expressed a person's state of mind, such as vēlōcī mente(quick-mindedly, with a quick mind):

  • 1st century BCE, Catullus, poem 8, line 11:
    sed obstinata mente perfer, obdura
    but with a resolved mind, endure, hold out.
  • 29-19 BCE, Virgil, Aenid, book 4, line 105:
    sensit enim simulata mente locutam
    for she realized that (she) had spoken with false purpose.

In Late Latin, this construction began to be extended to other adjectives and uses as well, and in Vulgar Latin and the later Romance languages, it became a general adverbial suffix.

  • 8th century, Reichenau Glosses:
    singulariter pro solamente
    singulariter for/instead of solamente

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

From the noun itself:

From the ablative mente, used as an adverbial suffix:

References[edit]

  • mens in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mens in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.mens”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to attract universal attention: omnium animos or mentes in se convertere
    • to free one's mind from the influences of the senses: sevocare mentem a sensibus (De Nat. D. 3. 8. 21)
    • to be out of one's mind: mente captum esse, mente alienata esse
    • to possess great ability: intellegentia or mente multum valere
    • to grasp a thing mentally: animo, mente, cogitatione aliquid comprehendere, complecti
    • something comes into my mind: mihi in mentem venit alicuius rei
    • to fix all one's thoughts on an object: mentem in aliqua re defigere
    • to think over, consider a thing: agitare (in) mente or (in) animo aliquid
    • with the intention of..: eo consilio, ea mente, ut
    • nothing will ever make me forgetful of him: semper memoria eius in (omnium) mentibus haerebit
    • a man's soul breathes through his writings: alicuius mens in scriptis spirat
    • to upset a person: alicuius mentem turbare, conturbare, perturbare
    • to compose oneself with difficulty: mente vix constare (Tusc. 4. 17. 39)
    • to be calm, self-possessed: mente consistere
    • a good conscience: mens bene sibi conscia
    • to be tormented by remorse: (mens scelerum furiis agitatur)
    • superstition has taken possession of their souls: superstitio mentes occupavit (Verr. 4. 51. 113)
    • (ambiguous) to see with the mind's eye: oculis mentis videre aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to be of sane mind: mentis compotem esse
    • (ambiguous) to be of sound mind: sanae mentis esse
    • (ambiguous) to obscure the mental vision: mentis quasi luminibus officere (vid. sect. XIII. 6) or animo caliginem offundere
    • (ambiguous) innate ideas: notiones animo (menti) insitae, innatae
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de statu suo or mentis deici (Att. 16. 15)
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's head, be beside oneself: sui (mentis) compotem non esse
    • (ambiguous) enthusiasm: ardor, inflammatio animi, incitatio mentis, mentis vis incitatior
  • mens in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mens in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • mens in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Preposition[edit]

mens

  1. while

Noun[edit]

mens m ‎(definite singular mensen, uncountable)

  1. Abbreviation [please replace this header] of menstruasjon (menstruation).

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction of medan. (conjunction), Contraction of menstruation. (noun)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɛnːs/
  • Rhymes: -ɛnːs
  • Homophone: mäns (in dialects where the sound of e and ä is the same)

Conjunction[edit]

mens

  1. (colloquial) while; Contraction of medan.
    Jag dukar fram frukost mens du duschar.
    I’ll arrange breakfast while you take a shower

Noun[edit]

mens c

  1. Contraction of menstruation.
  2. indefinite genitive singular of men
  3. indefinite genitive plural of men

Declension[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mens

  1. people