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From in- +‎ gignō +‎ -ium.



ingenium n (genitive ingeniī or ingenī); second declension

  1. innate or natural quality, natural character; nature
  2. disposition, temper, inclination
  3. intelligence, natural capacity
  4. talent, ability, art
  5. a man of genius, a genius
  6. (Medieval Latin) machine, engine


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ingenium ingenia
Genitive ingeniī
Dative ingeniō ingeniīs
Accusative ingenium ingenia
Ablative ingeniō ingeniīs
Vocative ingenium ingenia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).



  • ingenium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ingenium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ingenium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • ingenium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a man of ability: vir magno ingenio, ingeniosus
    • a man of ability: vir magno ingenio praeditus
    • to be talented, gifted: ingenio valere
    • to be very talented: ingenio abundare
    • natural gifts: natura et ingenium
    • to sharpen the wits: ingenium acuere
    • penetration; sagacity: ingenii acumen
    • dulness of intellect: ingenii tarditas (opp. celeritas)
    • weakmindedness: ingenii infirmitas or imbecillitas
    • imagination: ingenium, cogitatio
    • vivid, lively imagination: ingenii vis or celeritas
    • to cultivate the mind: animum, ingenium excolere (not colere)
    • mental culture: animi, ingenii cultus (not cultura)
    • to be gifted, talented: ingenio valere
    • to possess rich mental endowments: summo ingenio praeditum esse
    • we expect a great deal from a man of your calibre: magna est exspectatio ingenii tui
    • to make a character-sketch of a person: de ingenio moribusque alicuius exponere
    • to indulge one's caprice: sibi or ingenio suo indulgere (Nep. Chabr. 3)
    • character: natura et mores; vita moresque; indoles animi ingeniique; or simply ingenium, indoles, natura, mores