consilium

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See consulō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cōnsilium n ‎(genitive cōnsiliī); second declension

  1. plan
    • Publilius Syrus, Sententiae
      Malum est consilium, quod mutari non potest.
      Bad is the plan, which can not be changed.
  2. council, advisory body
  3. judgment, wisdom
  4. advice

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cōnsilium cōnsilia
genitive cōnsiliī cōnsiliōrum
dative cōnsiliō cōnsiliīs
accusative cōnsilium cōnsilia
ablative cōnsiliō cōnsiliīs
vocative cōnsilium cōnsilia

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • consilium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • consilium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • CONSILIUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.consilium”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to form a plan, make a resolution: consilium capere, inire (de aliqua re, with Gen. gerund., with Inf., more rarely ut)
    • to give up a project, an intention: consilio desistere
    • to let a plan fall through: consilium abicere or deponere
    • to be deterred from one's intention by something: a consilio deterreri aliqua re
    • to adopt half-measures: mediocribus consiliis uti
    • to alter one's views, intentions: consilium, sententiam mutare
    • to go one's own way, proceed independently: suo consilio uti
    • (1) to communicate one's plans to some one; (2) to make common cause with a person. Similarly c. causam, rationem: consilia cum aliquo communicare
    • to take common counsel: consilia inter se communicare
    • to consult a person, take his advice: aliquem in or ad consilium adhibere
    • to deliberate together (of a number of people): consilium habere (de aliqua re)
    • to be present at secret consultations: consiliis arcanis interesse (Liv. 35. 18)
    • to give a person advice: consilium dare alicui
    • to give a person the advantage of one's advice (and actual support): aliquem consilio (et re) iuvare
    • I put myself at your disposal as regards advice: consilii mei copiam facio tibi
    • to apply to a person for advice: consilium petere ab aliquo
    • to be perplexed: consilii inopem esse
    • advice is useless in this case; the situation is very embarrassing: omnia consilia frigent (Verr. 2. 25)
    • without reflection; inconsiderately; rashly: nullo consilio, nulla ratione, temere
    • I am undecided..: incertus sum, quid consilii capiam
    • to abide by one's resolution: propositum, consilium tenere (opp. a proposito deterreri)
    • to persevere in one's resolve: in proposito susceptoque consilio permanere
    • to have recourse to extreme measures: descendere ad extrema consilia (Fam. 10. 33. 4)
    • my intention is..: consilium est c. Inf. or ut
    • with the intention of..: eo consilio, ea mente, ut
    • to make virtue the standard in every thought and act: omnia consilia et facta ad virtutem referre (Phil. 10. 10. 20)
    • to act reasonably, judiciously: prudenter, considerate, consilio agere (opp. temere, nullo consilio, nulla ratione)
    • thought and deed: consilia et facta (cf. sect. X. 1, note For 'thoughts and deeds'...)
    • statesmen: auctores consilii publici
    • a man's policy is aiming at, directed towards..: alicuius in re publica or capessendae rei publicae consilia eo spectant, ut...
    • a political ally: consiliorum in re publica socius
    • the council of the nation; the senate: publicum consilium (Phil. 7.7. 19)
    • to hold a council of war: consilium habere, convocare
    • to refer a matter to a council of war: rem ad consilium deferre
  • consilium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • consilium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin