judgment

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English juggement, borrowed from Old French jugement, from Late Latin iūdicāmentum, from Latin iūdicō. Displaced native doom.

Morphologically judge +‎ -ment

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: jŭj'mənt, IPA(key): /ˈdʒʌdʒ.mənt/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

judgment (countable and uncountable, plural judgments)

  1. The act of judging.
    • 1962 December, “Dr. Beeching previews the plan for British Railways”, in Modern Railways, page 376:
      The key to the situation was judgment of the role the railways could play in modern times.
  2. The power or faculty of performing such operations; especially, when unqualified, the faculty of judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely
    a man of judgment / a man of good judgment
    a politician without judgment
  3. The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a decision.
  4. (law) The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is conformable to law and justice; also, the determination, decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge.
  5. (theology) The final award; the last sentence.

Usage notes[edit]

See Judgment: Spelling for discussion of spelling usage of judgment versus judgement. Briefly, the form without the -e is preferred in American English, and in law globally, while the form with the -e is preferred in non-legal use in Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South African English.

Like abridgment, acknowledgment, and lodgment, judgment is sometimes written with ‘British’ spellings in American English, as judgement (respectively, abridgement, acknowledgement, and lodgement).

The British spelling preserves the rule that G can only be soft while preceding an E, I, or Y.

Common collocations include pass judgment, make a judgment and "in one's judgment".

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


References[edit]