حكم

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: حکمand ح ك م

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ح ك م(ḥ-k-m).

Verb[edit]

حَكَمَ (ḥakama) I, non-past يَحْكُمُ‎‎ (yaḥkumu)

  1. to exercise authority, command, bid, to rule, to reign, to decree
  2. to hit upon, to obtain
  3. to happen, to arrive, to befall
  4. to deliver a sentence, to judge between

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: ħakem

Verb[edit]

حَكَمَ (ḥakama) I, non-past يَحْكُمُ‎‎ (yaḥkumu)

  1. to bridle; to put the bit to a bridle
  2. to restrain, to withhold, to rein
  3. to keep, to preserve, to protect

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

حَكُمَ (ḥakuma) I, non-past يَحْكُمُ‎‎ (yaḥkumu)

  1. to be wise
  2. to establish solidly

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

حَكَّمَ (ḥakkama) II, non-past يُحَكِّمُ‎‎ (yuḥakkimu)

  1. to appoint as a judge or governor
  2. to bid to give full judgment
  3. to give full powers
  4. to process farther, to produce, to develop, to metabolize

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حُكْم (ḥukmm (plural أَحْكَام(ʾaḥkām))

  1. verbal noun of حَكَمَ (ḥakama, to command, to judge, to sentence) (form I)
  2. sentence, judgment
  3. jurisdiction
  4. power, authority
  5. magistrate
  6. government
  7. decree, command, precept
  8. rule of life
  9. prediction from the stars
  10. fate, predestination
  11. knowledge, wisdom
  12. reason, cause, ground
  13. category
  14. regard

Declension[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

حَكْم (ḥakmm

  1. verbal noun of حَكَمَ (ḥakama, to bridle) (form I), bridling

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

(file)

حَكَم (ḥakamm (plural حُكَّام(ḥukkām))

  1. judge, arbitrator
  2. commander
  3. referee

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

حِكَم (ḥikampl

  1. plural of حِكْمَة(ḥikma)

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Root
ح ك م

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic حَكَمَ(ḥakama).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

حكم (ḥakam) (form I)

  1. to rule
  2. to judge

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic حُكْم(ḥukm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ħukum/, [ħo̞kʊm]

Noun[edit]

حكم (ḥukumm (plural أحكام(ʔaḥkām))

  1. reign
  2. judgement, ruling
  3. verdict

Etymology 3[edit]

From Arabic حَكَم(ḥakam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حكم (ḥakamm (plural حكام(ḥukkām))

  1. referee

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

حكم (ḥikam)

  1. plural of حِكْمَة(ḥikma)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ح ك م

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic حَكَمَ(ḥakama).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

حكم (ḥakam) (form I, present بحكم(boḥkom), subjunctive يحكم(yoḥkom))

  1. to judge, to sentence
  2. to rule over

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of حكم (ḥakam)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m حكمت(ḥakamt) حكمت(ḥakamt) حكم (ḥakam) حكمنا(ḥakamna) حكمتو(ḥakamtu) حكمو(ḥakamu)
f حكمتي(ḥakamti) حكمت(ḥakmat)
present m بحكم(baḥkom) بتحكم(btoḥkom) بحكم(boḥkom) منحكم(mnoḥkom) بتحكمو(btoḥkomu) بحكمو(boḥkomu)
f بتحكمي(btoḥkomi) بتحكم(btoḥkom)
subjunctive m أحكم(ʔaḥkom) تحكم(toḥkom) يحكم(yoḥkom) نحكم(noḥkom) تحكمو(toḥkomu) يحكمو(yoḥkomu)
f تحكمي(toḥkomi) تحكم(toḥkom)
imperative m احكم(oḥkom) احكمو(oḥkomu)
f احكمي(oḥkomi)