-ment

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See also: ment

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -ment, from Late Latin -amentum, from -mentum via Old French -ment.

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, the nouns having the sense of "the action or result of what is denoted by the verb".

Usage notes[edit]

Generally attached to stem without changes, except when the stem ends in -dge, where the -e is sometimes dropped, as in abridgment, acknowledgment, judgment, and lodgment, with the forms without -e being preferred in American English. Of these, judgment is the most significant, and usage varies globally; see Judgment: Spelling for discussion.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

-ent

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Catalan -ment, from Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind).

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Added to the feminine singular form of an adjective to form an adverb. Compare English -wise, -ly.
    actual (current) + ‎-ment → ‎actualment (currently)
Usage notes[edit]

In adverbs formed with the suffix -ment, two syllables are stressed: the syllable that was stressed in the original adjective, and the suffix. For example, ràpida (quick, feminine singular) yields ràpidament (quickly), which is stressed /ˌra.pi.ðə.ˈmen/, as if spelled ràpidamént.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Catalan -ment, from Latin -mentum, from earlier Latin -menta.

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs. Cognate with -ment.
    patir (to suffer) + ‎-ment → ‎patiment (suffering)
Derived terms[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French -ment, from Old French -ment, from Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind). This Latin noun was feminine, which explains why adverbs formed with this suffix use the feminine form of the adjective; for example, vivement comes from vive (feminine form of vif) + -ment, and could be glossed as "in a lively spirit".

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs (from the feminine form of an adjective), most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
    rapide + ‎-ment → ‎rapidement
Usage notes[edit]

With adjectives ending in -ant(e), -ent(e), the suffix combines with the ending to produce -amment, -emment (both pronounced /a.mɑ̃/).

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle French -ment, from Old French -ment, from Late Latin -mentum, from Latin -menta, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥ plus *-teh₂.

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually indicating a resulting action or state. Equivalent to the English -ment.
    parer + ‎-ment → ‎parement
    abandonner + ‎-ment → ‎abandonnement
    manier + ‎-ment → ‎maniement
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Norwegian Bokmål: -ment

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sicilian -menti and Italian -mente, from Latin mens.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Forms adverbs form adjectives; -ly

Usage notes[edit]

  • Generally restricted to adjectives of Romance origin, but occasional exceptions such as ħerqanament (eagerly) are attestable.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French -ment, from Latin -mentum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Forms nouns denoting a result or action from verbal roots; -ment.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
  2. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -ment.

Descendants[edit]


Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French -ment, from Latin mente, the ablative singular of mēns (mind).

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. used to form adverbs (from the feminine form of an adjective)

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin -mentum (instrument, medium, or result of), from -menta, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥teh₂, from *-mn̥ (creates action nouns or result nouns) + *-teh₂ (forms nouns representing state of being).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt
  • Hyphenation: -ment

Suffix[edit]

-ment (definite singular neuter -mentet, definite singular masculine -menten, indefinite plural -ment or -menter, definite plural -mentene or -menta)

  1. Used to form nouns from verbal stems, often denoting an action, means or state; -ment
    dokument, eksperiment, fundament, instrument, medikament, pigmentdocument, experiment, foundation, instrument, drug, pigment

Etymology 2[edit]

From French -ment, from Middle French -ment, from Old French -ment, from Late Latin -mentum (instrument, medium, or result of), from -menta, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥teh₂, from *-mn̥ (creates action nouns or result nouns) + *-teh₂ (forms nouns representing state of being).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment (definite singular neuter -mentet, definite singular masculine -menten, indefinite plural -ment or -menter, definite plural -mentene or -menta)

  1. Used to form nouns often denoting action, means or state; -ment
    abonnement, arrangement, bombardement, resonnement, signalementsubscription, event, bombardment, reasoning, signaling

References[edit]

  • “-ment” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • -ment” in Store norske leksikon

Anagrams[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan, from Late Latin -mentum, from Latin -menta.

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. -ly (used to form adverbs from adjectives)
  2. -ment; suffix used to form nouns

Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind).

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
    Example: hastivement
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -ment.
    Example: bastissement
Descendants[edit]

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -ment.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Forms nouns denoting a result or action from verbal roots; -ment.

Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. -ment; form nouns from verbs. See also -mang.

Derived terms[edit]