-ություն

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -ութիւն ‎(-utʿiwn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ություն ‎(-utʿyun)

  1. Forms numerous abstract and collective nouns; -ity, -ness, -dom, -hood, -y.
    լուրջ ‎(lurǰ) — serious
    լրջություն ‎(lrǰutʿyun) — seriousness
    ահաբեկիչ ‎(ahabekičʿ) — terrorist
    ահաբեկչություն ‎(ahabekčʿutʿyun) — terrorism
    մտավորական ‎(mtavorakan) — intellectual
    մտավորականություն ‎(mtavorakanutʿyun) — intelligentsia

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • This suffix is very productive.
  • The pronunciation [uˈtʰʲun] arose under the influence of Russian, [tʰ] becoming palatalized before a vowel/diphthong. According to Dum-Tragut, it is a typical feature of colloquial Armenian, and is also regarded as highly conventional and as being used in public, journalistic language.

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009) Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library; 14), Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 29