-ung

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German -ung, -unge, from Old High German -unga, from Proto-Germanic *-ungō. More at -ing.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʊŋ/
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-ung f (plural -ungen)

  1. -ing; forms nouns from verbs, usually describing either an event in which an action is carried out, or the result of that action.
    rechnen (to reckon) + ‎-ung → ‎die Rechnung (the reckoning, the bill)
    entdecken (to discover) + ‎-ung → ‎die Entdeckung (the discovery)
    erinnern (to remember) + ‎-ung → ‎die Erinnerung (the remembrance, the memory)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Note that the -ung suffixed form is different from the gerund which is formed by simply capitalizing the first letter of the verb. The gerund usually refers to the activity in general rather than a specific instance or result. Examples:
    Zeigen Sie mir die Rechnung.
    Show me the bill.
    Rechnen wird in der Schule gelehrt.
    Arithmetic is taught in school.
    Wichtig war die Entdeckung der Radioaktivität.
    The discovery of radioactivity was important.
    Die Wissenschaft schreitet durch Entdecken voran.
    Science progresses by discovery.
    Meine Erinnerung an das Ereignis ist eher vage.
    My memory of the event is rather vague.
    Emotionen machen den Unterschied zwischen Erinnern und Vergessen aus.
    Emotions make the difference between remembering and forgetting.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German -unga, from Proto-Germanic *-ungō. Cognate with German -ung, English -ing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ung

  1. used to form nouns from verbs

Derived terms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ung

  1. Alternative form of -ing

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-ungō. Cognate with Old Saxon -unga (Low German -inge, -ing), Old Dutch -inga, -unga (Dutch -ing), Old High German -unga (German -ung), Old Norse -ung, -ing (Swedish -ing).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ung

  1. forming nouns from verbs, denoting verbal action or an instance of it; or denoting a substance involved in the verbal action

Usage notes[edit]

  • -ung is the variant of -ing used with Class 1a and Class 2 Weak verbs ending in -ian.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: -ung, -unge, -unge, -inge, -ing