-age

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See also: age, Age, âge, Agë, Åge, and âgé

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -age, from Old French -age, from Latin -āticum. Cognates include French -age, Italian -aggio, Portuguese -agem, Spanish -aje, Occitan -atge, Romanian -aj.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɪdʒ/, /ədʒ/ (earlier loans and when attached to any non-French roots)
  • IPA(key): /ɑːʒ/ (more recent loanwords from French such as massage, mirage, barrage, etc.)
  • IPA(key): /eɪdʒ/ (obsolete)

Suffix[edit]

-age

  1. forming nouns with the sense of collection or appurtenance.
    word + ‎-age → ‎wordage
    Synonyms: -ery, -ing
  2. forming nouns indicating a process, action, or a result
    block + ‎-age → ‎blockage
    marry + ‎-age → ‎marriage
    slip + ‎-age → ‎slippage
    shrink + ‎-age → ‎shrinkage
  3. forming nouns of a state or relationship
    bond + ‎-age → ‎bondage
    marry + ‎-age → ‎marriage
    parent + ‎-age → ‎parentage
    line + ‎-age → ‎lineage
  4. forming nouns indicating a place
    orphan + ‎-age → ‎orphanage
    hermit + ‎-age → ‎hermitage
  5. forming nouns indicating a charge, toll, or fee
    post + ‎-age → ‎postage
    broker + ‎-age → ‎brokerage
    cork + ‎-age → ‎corkage
  6. forming nouns indicating a rate
    percent + ‎-age → ‎percentage
    mile + ‎-age → ‎mileage
  7. forming nouns of a unit of measure.
    volt + ‎-age → ‎voltage
    foot + ‎-age → ‎footage
    tonne + ‎-age → ‎tonnage
    hour + ‎-age → ‎hourage

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French -age.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈaː.ʒə/
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-age

  1. Creates nouns from verbs and from other nouns. It denotes:
    1. action
      kijven (to altercate, dispute, wrangle) + ‎-age → ‎kijvage (squabbling)
      lekken (to leak) + ‎-age → ‎lekkage (leakage)
    2. collectivity
      tuig (rig) + ‎-age → ‎tuigage (rigging)
    3. result of an action
      stellen + ‎-age → ‎stellage

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: -ase

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French -age, from Old French -age, from Latin -āticum, greatly extended from words like rivage and voyage.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-age

  1. Forming nouns with the sense of "action or result of Xing" or, more rarely, "action related to X".
  2. Forming nouns with the sense of "state of being (a) X".
  3. (rare) Forming collective nouns.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Although the historical suffix has had many applications (e.g. family relationships, locations), it is now restricted primarily to the sense of "action of Xing", and many terms now have little to no connection with the most common uses. This is especially notable of those descended from actual Latin words in -aticus such as fromage and voyage.

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -asche (obsolete or nonstandard)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French -age m. Feminised by analogy with the majority of German words in -e, perhaps also with other suffixes of abstract nouns such as -heit and -ung.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-age f (plural -agen)

  1. Nominal suffix, rarely productive, mostly restricted to borrowings from French.

Derived terms[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English -age, French -age, Italian -aggio, Portuguese -agem/Spanish -aje, all ultimately from Latin -āticum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-age

  1. forms nouns from nouns, denoting a collection; -age
    folio (leaf) + ‎-age → ‎foliage (foliage)
    fructo (fruit) + ‎-age → ‎fructage (fruitage)

Usage notes[edit]

  • G in this suffix always represents a fricative (or affricate) sound rather than a plosive, i.e. /ˈaʒe/ (or /ˈadʒe/) rather than */ˈaɡe/.
  • It takes the form -agi- before o or a.

Derived terms[edit]

Category Interlingua words suffixed with -age not found

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-age

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あげ

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French -age, from Latin -āticum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-age

  1. Forms nouns indicating a right or relationship.
  2. Forms nouns indicating a charge, toll, or fee.
  3. (not productive) Used in nouns taken from Old French indicating actions, results, groups, etc.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French -age, from Latin -āticum.

Suffix[edit]

-age

  1. forms nouns with the sense of "action or result of Xing" or, more rarely, "action related to X"
  2. forms nouns with the sense of "state of being (a) X"

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-age

  1. (Mistralian) Alternative form of -atge

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -āticum.

Suffix[edit]

-age

  1. forms nouns with the sense of 'action or result of'
  2. forms nouns with the sense of 'state of being'

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]