-ato

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Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ato

  1. See -at-

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English -ate, French -ate, Italian -ato, Portuguese -ato/Portuguese -ado/Spanish -ato/Spanish -ado, all ultimately from Latin -ātus or -ātum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ato

  1. forms nouns from nouns, denoting a status, jurisdiction or period of office; -ate, -dom, -cy, -ship
    duce (duke) + ‎-ato → ‎ducato (duchy, dukedom)
    episcoppo (bishop) + ‎-ato → ‎episcopato (bishopric, episcopate)
    capitano (capitain) + ‎-ato → ‎capitanato (capitaincy)
    discipulo (disciple) + ‎-ato → ‎discipulato (discipleship)

Usage notes[edit]

  • This suffix is not to be confused with -ata (-ful).

Derived terms[edit]

Category Interlingua terms suffixed with -ato not found

References[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ātus, from Proto-Italic *-ātos.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.to/
  • Rhymes: -ato
  • Hyphenation: -à‧to

Suffix[edit]

-ato

  1. Used with a stem to form the past participle of regular -are verbs
  2. (in nouns) a rank or office; -ate, -hood, -ship, -cy
    apprendista (apprentice) + ‎-ato → ‎apprendistato (apprenticeship)
    priore (prior, noun) + ‎-ato → ‎priorato (priorate, office of a prior)
  3. (in adjectives) having or resembling the specified thing
    lobo (lobe) + ‎-ato → ‎lobato (lobate, having lobes)
    palmo (palm (of the hand)) + ‎-ato → ‎palmato (palmate, resembling a palm)
  4. (chemistry, in nouns) a derivative of a specified element or compound; especially a salt or ester of an acid whose name ends in -ico; -ate
    nitrico (nitric) + ‎-ato → ‎nitrato (nitrate)

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ātō

  1. second/third-person singular future active imperative of (first conjugation)

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ātō

  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of -ātus

Maquiritari[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ato

  1. Forms nouns from adverbs, adverbial verb forms, and postpositions, typically with the sense of ‘one that (is) …’, ‘one that has the quality of …’.
Usage notes[edit]

When attaching to a final vowel e, this suffix takes the form -ato, with the first vowel replacing the e; when attaching to i, it takes the form -cho; in all other circumstances it takes the form -to.

Etymology 2[edit]

From -a (recent/distant past imperfective suffix) +‎ -to (plural verb suffix).

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ato

  1. Forms the plural of the recent past imperfective tense when the arguments of the verb are first- or second-person.
Usage notes[edit]

This suffix can cause syllable reduction. The suffix takes the form -kato when the preceding syllable is reducible and has an onset of k, -yato when the preceding syllable ends in i, and -ato in other contexts.

References[edit]

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “-ato”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 138–140, 213–222

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin -atūs or -ātum. Compare the inherited doublet -ado.

Suffix[edit]

-ato m (plural -atos)

  1. -ship; -ate (rank or office)
    Synonym: -ado
  2. -age (place)
  3. (chemistry) -ate (derivative of a salt or ester of an acid whose name ends in -ico)

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin -atūs or -ātum (past participle suffix). Compare the inherited doublet -ado.

Suffix[edit]

-ato m (plural -atos, feminine -ata, feminine plural -atas)

  1. forms an institution from a noun stem
    huérfano (orphan) + ‎-ato → ‎orfanato (orphanage)
  2. forms the corresponding action of a noun
    asesino (assassin) + ‎-ato → ‎asesinato (assassination)
  3. indicates a baby of a specific animal
    ballena (whale) + ‎-ato → ‎ballenato (baby whale)
  4. Forms adjectives of quality
    nuevo (new) + ‎-ato → ‎novato (unexperienced)
  5. Denotes the office of a noun stem
    cardenal ((Catholic) cardinal) + ‎-ato → ‎cardenalato (cardinalate, office of the cardinal)
    Fujimori (surname of the former president of Peru, Alberto Fujimori) + ‎-ato → ‎fujimorato (time period when Alberto Fujimori was in office)

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ato m (plural -atos)

  1. (chemistry) -ate (designates a salt or ester related to an acid)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]