ش

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See also: سand س-
13-Schin.svg
ش U+0634, ش
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN
س
[U+0633]
Arabic ص
[U+0635]
U+FEB5, ﺵ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN ISOLATED FORM

[U+FEB4]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB6]
U+FEB6, ﺶ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN FINAL FORM

[U+FEB5]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB7]
U+FEB7, ﺷ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN INITIAL FORM

[U+FEB6]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB8]
U+FEB8, ﺸ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN MEDIAL FORM

[U+FEB7]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB9]

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *šinn- (tooth), the source of سن(sinn). The association of "tooth" with this letter was the result of folk etymology and based on the corresponding Phoenician letter, 𐤔(š), having a shape resembling a row of pointed teeth. The letter originally depicted a composite bow, which usually has the tips curving away from the archer when unstrung.[1][2]

Related to Classical Syriac ܫ‎, Hebrew ש‎‎, Phoenician 𐤔(š), Aramaic ܫ‎. More at Shin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش / ش‍ / ‍ش‍ / ‍ش (šīn)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by س(s) and followed by ص().

Symbol[edit]

ش / ش‍ / ‍ش‍ / ‍ش (šīn)

  1. The twenty-first letter in traditional abjad order, which is used in place of numerals for list numbering (abjad numerals). It is preceded by ر(r) and followed by ت(t).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ shin”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.
  2. ^ Albright, W. F. (1948). "The Early Alphabetic Inscriptions from Sinai and their Decipherment". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. 110 (110): 6–22 [p. 15].

Kashmiri[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (ś)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the traditional alphabet chart of Kashmiri.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: س(s)
  • Next letter: ص(ص)

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic Ш, ш
Arabic ش

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (ş)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Kazakh in Arabic Script. It represents the Cyrillic letter Ш.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: س
  • Next letter: ع

Khowar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (šīn)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Khowar abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: س
  • Next letter: ݰ

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
ش
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش / ش‍ / ‍ش‍ / ‍ش

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.

See also[edit]


Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (šin)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Pashto alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: س
  • Next letter: ښ

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭱𐭭(-išn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـش (-eš)

  1. A rough equivalent of -tion or -ment, appended to the present stem of a verb, resulting in a noun describing the action of that verb.

Usage notes[edit]

Present stems ending in a long vowel add ـیـ(-y-) before this suffix, for example the present stem of the verb پالودن(pâludan) being پالا(pâlâ), the resulting noun is پالایش(pâlâyeš, refinement).

See also[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (šin)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by س‎ and followed by ص‎. Its name is شین‎.

Sindhi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (šīn)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Sindhi abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: س
  • Next letter: ص

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـش ()

  1. don't, didn't (negation of verbs)
    هو ما كتبش‎ ― huwwe ma katab-šhe didn't write
    انا (ما) باكلش‎ ― ana (ma) bākol-šI don't eat
    (ما) تنساش‎ ― (ma) tinsā-šdon't forget
    Synonyms: ما(), (imperative) لا(la)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Optionally, ـش () may be used together with ما(ma); in the past tense, however, ما(ma) is required.

See also[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (šīn)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Urdu abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: س
  • Next letter: ص

Uyghur[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (she)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Uyghur alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: س(s)
  • Next letter: غ(gh)

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش ()

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Yorùbá alphabet in the Ajami Script.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: س
  • Next letter: ت