ش

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See also: س and س-

ش U+0634, ش
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN
س
[U+0633]
Arabic ص
[U+0635]
U+FEB5, ﺵ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN ISOLATED FORM

[U+FEB4]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB6]
U+FEB6, ﺶ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN FINAL FORM

[U+FEB5]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB7]
U+FEB7, ﺷ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN INITIAL FORM

[U+FEB6]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB8]
U+FEB8, ﺸ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN MEDIAL FORM

[U+FEB7]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB9]

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *šinn- (tooth), the source of ⁧سن(sinn). The association of "tooth" with this letter was the result of folk etymology and based on the corresponding Phoenician letter, ⁧𐤔(š), having a shape resembling a tooth. The letter originally depicted a composite bow, which usually has the tips curving away from the archer when unstrung.[1][2]

Related to Classical Syriacܫ⁩, Hebrewש⁩, Phoenician𐤔(š), Aramaicܫ⁩. More at Shin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش / ش‍ / ‍ش‍ / ‍ش (šīn)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ⁧س(s) and followed by ⁧ص().

Symbol[edit]

ش / ش‍ / ‍ش‍ / ‍ش (šīn)

  1. The twenty-first letter in traditional abjad order, which is used in place of numerals for list numbering (abjad numerals). It is preceded by ⁧ر(r) and followed by ⁧ت(t).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ shin”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.
  2. ^ Albright, W. F. (1948). "The Early Alphabetic Inscriptions from Sinai and their Decipherment". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. 110 (110): 6–22 [p. 15].

Balti[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش⁩ (transliteration needed)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Balti alphabet, written in the Perso-Arabic script

Burushaski[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش⁩ (ś)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Burushaski alphabet, written in the Perso-Arabic script

Chinese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Xiao'erjing abjad.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This letter is also used to represent Pinyin initial x-.

Iraqi Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of ⁧شنو(šinu). Compare Moroccan Arabicش(š, what), Maltese x’ (what)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ش⁩ (š)

  1. (interrogative) what
    شاسمك ؟(to a male)šismak?What's your name?

Kashmiri[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (ś)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the traditional alphabet chart of Kashmiri.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ⁧س(s)
  • Next letter: ⁧ص

Kazakh[edit]

Alternative scripts
Arabic ش
Cyrillic Ш, ш
Latin Ş, ş
Yañalif C, c

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (ş)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Kazakh in Arabic Script. It represents the Cyrillic letter Ш.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

Khowar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش⁩ (šīn)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Khowar abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ⁧س
  • Next letter: ⁧ݰ

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش / ش‍ / ‍ش‍ / ‍ش

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.

See also[edit]

  • (Arabic script letters) ⁧ا⁩,‎ ⁧ب⁩,‎ ⁧ت⁩,‎ ⁧ة⁩,‎ ⁧ث⁩,‎ ⁧ج⁩,‎ ⁧چ⁩,‎ ⁧ح⁩,‎ ⁧خ⁩,‎ ⁧د⁩,‎ ⁧ذ⁩,‎ ⁧ر⁩,‎ ⁧ز⁩,‎ ⁧س⁩,‎ ⁧ش⁩,‎ ⁧ص⁩,‎ ⁧ض⁩,‎ ⁧ط⁩,‎ ⁧ظ⁩,‎ ⁧ع⁩,‎ ⁧غ⁩,‎ ⁧ڠ⁩,‎ ⁧ف⁩,‎ ⁧ڤ⁩,‎ ⁧ق⁩,‎ ⁧ک⁩,‎ ⁧ݢ⁩,‎ ⁧ل⁩,‎ ⁧م⁩,‎ ⁧ن⁩,‎ ⁧و⁩,‎ ⁧ۏ⁩,‎ ⁧ه⁩,‎ ⁧ء⁩,‎ ⁧ي⁩,‎ ⁧ى⁩,‎ ⁧ڽ[edit]

Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (šin)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Pashto alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ⁧س
  • Next letter: ⁧ښ

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian𐭱𐭭(-išn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـش (-eš)

  1. A rough equivalent of -tion or -ment, appended to the present stem of a verb, resulting in a noun describing the action of that verb.

Usage notes[edit]

Present stems ending in a long vowel add ⁧ـیـ(-y-) before this suffix, for example the present stem of the verb ⁧پالودن(pâludan) being ⁧پالا(pâlâ), the resulting noun is ⁧پالایش(pâlâyeš, refinement).

See also[edit]

Letter[edit]

شٍ (šin)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ⁧س⁩ and followed by ⁧ص⁩. Its name is ⁧شین⁩.

Punjabi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ʃiːn̪/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ʃᵊ/

Letter[edit]

ش (šīn)

  1. The nineteenth letter of Punjabi in the Shahmukhi script.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ⁧س(sīn)
  • Next letter: ⁧ص(ṣwāt)

Sindhi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش⁩ (šīn)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Sindhi abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ⁧س
  • Next letter: ⁧ص

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـش ()

  1. don't, didn't (negation of verbs)
    Synonyms:ما(), (imperative)لا(la)
    بحكيش إنكليزي⁩ ― biḥkīš ʔinglīzihe doesn't speak English
    (file)
    ما بحكيش إنكليزي⁩ ― ma biḥkīš ʔinglīzihe doesn't speak English
    (file)
    تنساش⁩ ― tinsāšdon't forget
    (file)
    ما تنساش⁩ ― ma tinsāšdon't forget
    (file)
    ما كتبش⁩ ― ma katabšhe didn't write
    (file)

Usage notes[edit]

  • ـش() shifts the stress to the end of the verbal phrase, lengthening final vowels.
  • ـش() may be used by itself or together with ⁧ما(ma); in the past tense, however, ⁧ما(ma) is required.

See also[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (śīn)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Urdu abjad.
Forms[edit]
Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ
See also[edit]
  • Previous letter: ⁧س(s)
  • Next letter: ⁧ص(s)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Classical Persianـش(-iš).

Suffix[edit]

ـش (-iś)

  1. A suffix used in many nouns borrowed from Persian, and also in certain native words. This is a rough equivalent of -tion or -ment, making a noun for the action of the verb.
Usage notes[edit]

Persian nouns ending in a long vowel that add ⁧ـیـ(-y-) in Persian before this suffix, usually become ⁧ـئـ(-i-) due to modified pronunciation. In certain instances, ⁧ـیـ(-i-) remains or is one of the acceptable spellings. For example, Persian ⁧آزمایش(âzmâyeš) is normally spelled as Urdu ⁧آزمائش(āzmāiś).

Uyghur[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش (she)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Uyghur alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ⁧س(s)
  • Next letter: ⁧غ(gh)

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ش⁩ ()

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Yoruba alphabet in the ajami script, equivalent to Latin script .

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ⁧س
  • Next letter: ⁧ت