س

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See also: شand س-
Arabic Sin.gif
س U+0633, س
ARABIC LETTER SEEN
ز
[U+0632]
Arabic ش
[U+0634]
U+FEB1, ﺱ
ARABIC LETTER SEEN ISOLATED FORM

[U+FEB0]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB2]
U+FEB2, ﺲ
ARABIC LETTER SEEN FINAL FORM

[U+FEB1]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB3]
U+FEB3, ﺳ
ARABIC LETTER SEEN INITIAL FORM

[U+FEB2]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB4]
U+FEB4, ﺴ
ARABIC LETTER SEEN MEDIAL FORM

[U+FEB3]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB5]

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Nabataean 𐢝 (š), from Syriac ܫ (š), from Aramaic ש‬ (š), from Imperial Aramaic 𐡔 (š), from the Egyptian 𓌓.

Indeed this letter stood for /ʃ/ in Aramaic and one must ask why 𐢖 from ܣ from ס from 𐡎 from 𓊽 has been lost in the Arabic alphabet.

One must mind the three Proto-Semitic sibilants: ś, š, s. In Arabic the first gave /ʃ/, the second and third merged to /s/. In Old Aramaic all were preserved but the the orthography represented s by 𐢖 / ס‬ / 𐡎 but used 𐢝 / ש‬ / 𐡔 for both ś and š, and this orthography persisted even when by the time of the Nabataeans ś had merged to sound as /s/ as s always did.

So when a scribe wanted to write the Arabic sound /ʃ/ from ś, he did so by using 𐢝 / س to stick to a letter form that looks the same in the cognate Aramaic words. But when he wanted to write an Arabic sound /s/ from Proto-Semitic š, he would have defied the Aramaic spelling for this Proto-Semitic phoneme had he written 𐢖 / ס‬ / 𐡎, whereas Arabic-Aramaic word pairs with the Proto-Semitic s are rare. So the impression was that 𐢝 / ש‬ / 𐡔 / س is the most typical sign to write /s/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

س / س‍ / ‍س‍ / ‍س (sīn)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ز (z) and followed by ش (š).
  2. X, unknown variable.

Symbol[edit]

س / س‍ / ‍س‍ / ‍س (sīn)

  1. The fifteenth letter in traditional abjad order, which is used in place of numerals for list numbering (abjad numerals). It is preceded by ن (n) and followed by ع (ʿ).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Diem, Werner (1980), “Untersuchungen zur frühen Geschichte der arabischen Orthographie: II. Die Schreibung der Konsonanten”, in Orientalia, volume 49, issue 1, DOI:10.2307/43075525, pages 77–81

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened form of سَوْفَ (sawfa).

Particle[edit]

سَـ (sa-)

  1. will (prefix indicating the future tense)
    يَقْرَأُ كِتَابًا، سَيَقْرَأُ كِتَابًا
    yaqraʾu kitāban, sayaqraʾu kitāban
    he is reading a book, he will read a book
Synonyms[edit]

Khowar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

س (sīn)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Khowar abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ݱ
  • Next letter: ش

Malay[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
س
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Name of letter, Johor-Selangor) IPA(key): [sen]
  • (Phoneme) IPA(key): [s]

Letter[edit]

س / س‍ / ‍س‍ / ‍س

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  ٠ ١ ٢  > 
    Cardinal : س

Shortened form of اسا, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

س (Rumi spelling se)

  1. (cardinal) one
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

س (sin)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Pashto alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ږ
  • Next letter: ش

Persian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ﺱ / ﺳ‍ / ﺴ / ‍ﺲ (sin)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ژ and followed by ش. Its name is سین.

Sindhi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

س (sīn)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Sindhi abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ز
  • Next letter: ش

Urdu[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

س (sīn)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Urdu abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ژ
  • Next letter: ش

Uyghur[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

س (se)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Uyghur alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ژ (zh)
  • Next letter: ش (sh)