se-

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Czech[edit]

Prefix[edit]

se-

  1. A prefix, sometimes used instead of s- in front of a consonant.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • s(e)- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See se.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

se-

  1. none, no (person​/​thing​/​way​/​kind​/​place​/​size​/​amount​/​etc.)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay se-, from Classical Malay se-, from se, shortened form of esa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

se-

  1. one
    selembar
    a sheet / one sheet
    seperempat
    one fourth (a quarter)
  2. same
    setinggi
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

*s(w)ēd, the ablative singular of Proto-Indo-European *s(w)é (self) lengthened under phrasal stress. Note there's no hard evidence for a /w/ in Italic, which is likely taken from the possessive pronoun in other branches. The original meaning was "per se, by itself", whence "however, but" as conjunction and "without, away" as preposition, parallel to English only (but).

Doublet of as well as sed (q.v.), where the vowel shortened proclitically (or never lengthened). Cf. the semantically close vē-, which might also be a doublet with loss of /s/. Further related to suus (one's own).

Alternative forms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

sē-

  1. apart-, aside-, away-
    claudō (to close, shut, confine)sēclūdō (to shut off)
    dūcō (to lead)sēdūcō (to lead away or astray, separate from)
  2. (in a privative sense) without, lacking, wanting, -less
    cūra (care, worry)sēcūrus (free from care, easy; careless)
    cor (heart as the seat of vitality)socors (lacking in vitality or alertness, sluggish, inactive, dull)

Etymology 2[edit]

From sex before voiced consonants with voicing assimilation (*segz-) followed by regular elision with compensatory lenthening, for which cf. āla, vēlum.

Prefix[edit]

sē-

  1. six- as a bound morpheme
    sex + ‎decem (ten) → ‎sēdecim (sixteen)
    sexsēnī (six each)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • De Vaan, Michiel, “sē; sē-, se-, sō-, so-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN, page 549
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag

Further reading[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : se-

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From se, shortened form of esa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

se- (Jawi spelling س-)

  1. one
  2. used to form the comparative of adjectives
    sebesar
    as big as
    sepanjang
    as long as
    secantik
    as beautiful as
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of seluruh.

Prefix[edit]

se- (Jawi spelling س-‎)

  1. Used on nouns to indicate that the noun referred to is in its entirety.

Northern Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

se-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

se-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

Tswana[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

se-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Coalescence of sa- with the Proto-Bantu copula *-dɪ̀.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /sêː/

Prefix[edit]

sê-

  1. Form of sa- used in copulative constructions.