duco

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From a 1920s trade name for automotive lacquer.

Noun[edit]

duco ‎(uncountable)

  1. (Australia, automotive, colloquial) automotive paint

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *doukō, from Proto-Indo-European *déwketi, from the root *dewk-.

Cognate with English tow.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dūcō ‎(present infinitive dūcere, perfect active dūxī, supine ductum); third conjugation, irregular short imperative

  1. I lead, guide
  2. I draw, pull
  3. I think, consider
  4. I prolong

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of duco (third conjugation, irregular short imperative)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dūcō dūcis dūcit dūcimus dūcitis dūcunt
imperfect dūcēbam dūcēbās dūcēbat dūcēbāmus dūcēbātis dūcēbant
future dūcam dūcēs dūcet dūcēmus dūcētis dūcent
perfect dūxī dūxistī dūxit dūximus dūxistis dūxērunt, dūxēre
pluperfect dūxeram dūxerās dūxerat dūxerāmus dūxerātis dūxerant
future perfect dūxerō dūxeris dūxerit dūxerimus dūxeritis dūxerint
passive present dūcor dūceris, dūcere dūcitur dūcimur dūciminī dūcuntur
imperfect dūcēbar dūcēbāris, dūcēbāre dūcēbātur dūcēbāmur dūcēbāminī dūcēbantur
future dūcar dūcēris, dūcēre dūcētur dūcēmur dūcēminī dūcentur
perfect ductus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ductus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ductus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dūcam dūcās dūcat dūcāmus dūcātis dūcant
imperfect dūcerem dūcerēs dūceret dūcerēmus dūcerētis dūcerent
perfect dūxerim dūxerīs dūxerit dūxerīmus dūxerītis dūxerint
pluperfect dūxissem dūxissēs dūxisset dūxissēmus dūxissētis dūxissent
passive present dūcar dūcāris, dūcāre dūcātur dūcāmur dūcāminī dūcantur
imperfect dūcerer dūcerēris, dūcerēre dūcerētur dūcerēmur dūcerēminī dūcerentur
perfect ductus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ductus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dūc, dūce dūcite
future dūcitō dūcitō dūcitōte dūcuntō
passive present dūcere dūciminī
future dūcitor dūcitor dūcuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dūcere dūxisse ductūrus esse dūcī ductus esse ductum īrī
participles dūcēns ductūrus ductus dūcendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
dūcere dūcendī dūcendō dūcendum ductum ductū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • duco in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • duco in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.duco”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to bring a stream of water through the garden: aquam ducere per hortum
    • a road leads somewhere: via fert, ducit aliquo
    • to spend time: tempus ducere
    • to lead some one by the hand: manu ducere aliquem
    • to trace one's descent from some one: originem ab aliquo trahere, ducere
    • to breathe, live: animam, spiritum ducere
    • to breathe the air: aera spiritu ducere
    • to carry out the funeral obsequies: funus alicui facere, ducere (Cluent. 9. 28)
    • to commence a thing: initium facere, ducere, sumere (alicuius rei)
    • to consider a thing beneath one's dignity: aliquid alienum (a) dignitate sua or merely a se ducere
    • to consider a thing beneath one's dignity: aliquid infra se ducere or infra se positum arbitrari
    • to consider a thing creditable to a man: aliquid laudi alicui ducere, dare
    • to put off from one day to another: diem ex die ducere, differre
    • to devote one's life to science, study: aetatem in litteris ducere, agere
    • to derive an argument from a thing: argumentum ducere, sumere ex aliqua re or petere ab aliqua re
    • to form, derive a word from... (used of the man who first creates the word): vocabulum, verbum, nomen ducere ab, ex...
    • to marry (of the man): ducere uxorem
    • to marry (of the man): ducere aliquam in matrimonium
    • to protract, prolong a war: bellum ducere, trahere, extrahere
    • to lead the army with forced marches: raptim agmen ducere
    • to make a ditch, a fosse: fossam ducere
    • to lead some one in triumph: per triumphum (in triumpho) aliquem ducere
    • (ambiguous) to be guided by ambition: gloria duci
    • (ambiguous) a thing is taken from life: aliquid e vita ductum est
    • (ambiguous) to derive a word from... (used of an etymologist): verbum ductum esse a...putare
    • (ambiguous) to cherish a hope: spe duci, niti, teneri
    • (ambiguous) to be misled by a vain hope: inani, falsa spe duci, induci