velum

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See also: vélum and vellum

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin vēlum (a cloth, covering, awning, curtain, veil). Doublet of veil.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈviː.ləm/, /ˈvɛl.əm/
    • (file)
    • (file)

Noun[edit]

velum (plural vela or velums)

  1. a thin membrane resembling a veil or curtain, such as:
    1. (anatomy) the soft palate
    2. (botany) a thin membrane partially covering the cluster of sporangia near the leaf base in quillworts and their extinct relatives
    3. (mycology) a veil-like membrane of immature mushrooms extending from the margin of the cap to the stem and is torn by growth, to reveal the gills
    4. (malacology) a locomotory and feeding organ provided with cilia found in the larval stage of bivalves
    5. (zoology) a annular membrane, typically bordering a cavity, especially in certain molluscs, medusae, and other invertebrates
    6. a delicate membrane found on certain protists
  2. (meteorology) an accessory cloud resembling a veil extending over a large distance; normally associated with cumulus and cumulonimbus

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Noun[edit]

velum

  1. indefinite dative plural of vel

French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin velum (veil, sail).

Noun[edit]

velum m (plural velums)

  1. velum

Latin[edit]

vēla rubra (red sails)

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vēlum n (genitive vēlī); second declension

  1. a cloth, covering, curtain, veil, awning
    • a. 224, Ulpiānus, Dīgesta seu Pandectae[1], volume XXX, 41.10:
      Sed sī cancellī sint vel vēla, lēgārī poterunt, nōn tamen fistulae vel castellī.
      But while bar-doors or their veils can be legated, not so water-pipes or water-basins.
  2. (usually in the plural) the sail of a ship

Inflection[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vēlum vēla
Genitive vēlī vēlōrum
Dative vēlō vēlīs
Accusative vēlum vēla
Ablative vēlō vēlīs
Vocative vēlum vēla

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • velum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • velum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • velum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • velum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to put to sea: vela in altum dare (Liv. 25. 27)
    • (ambiguous) to set the sails: vela facere, pandere
    • (ambiguous) to set the sails: vela dare
    • (ambiguous) to furl the sails: vela contrahere (also metaph.)
    • (ambiguous) sails and rigging: vela armamentaque
  • velum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers