vel

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See also: -vel, vél, vėl, vēl, veļ, and vęl

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin conjunction vel ‎(or).

Noun[edit]

vel

  1. (logic) The symbol used to represent the inclusive or logical connective.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sainsbury, Mark (2001). Logical Forms — An Introduction to Philosophical Logic. Blackwell Publishing. p. 55.

Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin velum.

Noun[edit]

vel m

  1. veil

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *wala, Proto-Indo-European *uelH- 'to turn, twist'. From the same root of vjell and vjel.

Verb[edit]

vel ‎(first-person singular past tense vela, participle velur)

  1. I feel nauseated, sick
Related terms[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

vel m ‎(plural vels)

  1. veil

Czech[edit]

Verb[edit]

vel

  1. imperative of velet

Danish[edit]

Interjection[edit]

vel

  1. (used as a tag question) is it the case
    Der er ikke slanger, vel?
    There are not snakes, are there?
    Du er ikke sur på mig, vel?
    You are not angry with me, are you?

Antonyms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch vel, from Old Dutch *fel, from Proto-Germanic *fellą, from Proto-Indo-European *pello-, *pelno-, whence Latin pellis, Greek πέλλα; cognate with German Fell.

Noun[edit]

vel n ‎(plural vellen, diminutive velletje n)

  1. A skin, hide
  2. A fur, pelt
  3. A sheet (e.g. of paper; incorrectly used for a page)
    Het glas van een gloeilamp is niet veel dikker dan een vel papier
    The glass of a lightbulb is not much thicker than a sheet of paper.
  4. A membrane, e.g. forming on boiling milk
  5. A rag, shred
    Zijn onderbroek hing in vellen na de stokslagen
    His briefs were shredded after the caning

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

vel

  1. first-person singular present indicative of vellen
  2. imperative of vellen

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]
  • Etymologisch woordenboek der Nederlandsche taal, by Johannes Franck, M. Nijhoff 1892



Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Adverb[edit]

vel

  1. Alternative spelling of veel

Adjective[edit]

vel

  1. Alternative spelling of veel

German Low German[edit]

Adverb[edit]

vel

  1. Alternative spelling of veel

Adjective[edit]

vel

  1. Alternative spelling of veel

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

vel ‎(comparative betur, superlative best) (háttaratviksorð ‎(adverb of manner))

  1. well

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

vel

  1. first-person singular present indicative of velja
  2. imperative singular of velja

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *well < *wels < *welsi "you wish", thus originally the second-person singular present active indicative form of volō ‎(I will”, “I wish). The semantic development may have been helped by the fortuitous similitude to -ve.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

vel

  1. or; and/or
  2. even

Usage notes[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • vĕl in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vel in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vel in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • 1. VEL” in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • 2. VEL” in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vĕl” on page 1,651 of Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • time assuages the most violent grief: vel maximos luctus vetustate tollit diuturnitas (Fam. 5. 16. 5)
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press
  • uel” on page 2,021–2,022 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • vel” on page 1,068/1 of Jan Frederik Niermeyer’s Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus (1976)

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

vel

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of velt
  2. 2nd person singular imperative form of velt

Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Estonian veel, Latvian vēl ‎(more, else, yet). According to Karulis vēl in Latvian is an inherited word cognate with vēls ‎(late), thus perhaps an old Baltic borrowing in Finnic languages, this is supported by EES.[1] Its use before jo, juo forming comparatives of adjectives[2] could be a more recent calque, cf., Latvian labāk ‎(better) — vēl jo labāk ‎(the better, even better).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ve'l

  1. more, else, yet
    • Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA
      mis sa vel äd tō!
      what do you think you're doing!? ~ what else will you come up with! (lit. "what else do you want [to come up with]!")
      alā ajjõ vanā kouv vizzõ, koņtš ūž vel äb ūo vaļmõz
      do not fill up the old well until a new one is not (yet) ready

References[edit]

  1. ^ veel in Metsmägi, Iris; Sedrik, Meeli; Soosaar, Sven-Erik (2012), Eesti etümoloogiasõnaraamat, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Instituut, ISBN 978-9985-79-478-4
  2. ^ Renāte Blumberga, Tapio Mäkeläinen, Karl Pajusalu (2013), Lībieši: vēsture, valoda un kultūra, Rīga: Līvõ Kultūr sidām, ISBN 978-9984-49-730-3

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

vel

  1. rafsi of ve.

Manx[edit]

Verb[edit]

vel

  1. present dependent form of bee

Usage notes[edit]

  • Use with cha primarily confined to higher registers.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vel, from Proto-Germanic *wela, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-.

Adverb[edit]

vel

  1. well

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vel, from Proto-Germanic *wela, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-.

Adverb[edit]

vel

  1. well

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

vel

  1. present tense of velja and velje
  2. imperative of velja and velje

References[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *fellą, whence also Old English fell.

Noun[edit]

vel n

  1. A fur

Descendants[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wela ‎(well), from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-. Cognate with Old English wel, Old Frisian wela, Old Saxon wela, Old High German wola, Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐌻𐌰 ‎(waila).

Adverb[edit]

vel (comparative betr, superlative bezt)

  1. well
  2. easily
  3. fully, amply, largely

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • vel in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vel in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vel in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • VEL” in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • time assuages the most violent grief: vel maximos luctus vetustate tollit diuturnitas (Fam. 5. 16. 5)

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin conjunction vel ‎(or).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

vel

  1. AKA, alias (= albo, czyli) (with pseudonyms)

Volapük[edit]

Volapük cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal : vel
    Ordinal : velid

Numeral[edit]

vel

  1. (cardinal) seven

Derived terms[edit]