seven

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See also: Seven

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English seven

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

seven

  1. Code word for the digit 7 in the NATO/ICAO spelling alphabet

Synonyms[edit]

ITU/IMO code word setteseven[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The SIA clarifies that the en is a syllabic [n]. Annex 10 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: Aeronautical Telecommunications; Volume II Communication Procedures including those with PANS status[1], 6th edition, International Civil Aviation Organization, October 2001, retrieved 23 January 2019, page §5.2.1.3, Figure 5–1
  2. ^ International Maritime Organisation (2005). International Code of Signals, p. 22–23. Fourth edition, London.

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English numbers (edit)
70
 ←  6 7 8  → 
    Cardinal: seven
    Ordinal: seventh, ebdomo-
    Latinate ordinal: septimary
    Multiplier: septuple, sevenfold
    Distributive: septuply
    Collective: heptad, sevensome
    Fractional: seventh
    Number of musicians: septet

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Arabic numerals: 7 (see for numerical forms in other scripts)
  • Roman numerals: VII
  • sev'n

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English seven, from Old English seofon (seven), from Proto-West Germanic *sebun (seven), from Proto-Germanic *sebun (seven), from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥ (seven). Cognate with Scots seiven (seven), West Frisian sân (seven), Saterland Frisian soogen (seven), Low German söven (seven), Dutch zeven (seven), German sieben (seven), Danish syv (seven), Norwegian sju (seven), Icelandic sjö (seven), Latin septem (seven), Ancient Greek ἑπτά (heptá, seven), Russian семь (semʹ), Sanskrit सप्तन् (saptán).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈsɛv.ən/. In casual speech also → /ˈsebm/ (not before a vowel sound).
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛvən
  • Homophone: Severn (non-rhotic accents)

Numeral[edit]

seven

  1. A numerical value equal to 7; the number following six and preceding eight. This many dots: (•••••••).
  2. Describing a group or set with seven elements.

Usage notes[edit]

Like other numerals, sometimes used postpositively in Late Middle English and Early Modern English, for exampleː

  • Sun and moon set in the heaven, with stars, and the planets seven. (The Towneley plays)

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See seven/translations § Numeral.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

seven (countable and uncountable, plural sevens)

  1. The digit/figure 7 or an occurrence thereof.
    He wrote three sevens on the paper.
  2. (countable, card games) A card bearing seven pips.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Playing cards in English · playing cards (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
ace deuce, two three four five six seven
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
eight nine ten jack, knave queen king joker, jolly joker

Anagrams[edit]


Bislama[edit]

Bislama cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal : seven

Etymology[edit]

From English seven.

Numeral[edit]

seven

  1. seven

Breton[edit]

Adjective[edit]

seven

  1. courteous

Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Numeral[edit]

seven

  1. Alternative form of zeuven (seven)

Fanagalo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English seven.

Numeral[edit]

seven

  1. seven

Middle Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch sivun, sivon, from Proto-West Germanic *sebun, from Proto-Germanic *sebun.

Numeral[edit]

sēven

  1. seven
Descendants[edit]
  • Dutch: zeven
  • Limburgish: zeve
  • Zealandic: zeven

Etymology 2[edit]

From sēve +‎ -en.

Verb[edit]

sēven

  1. to sift, to sieve
Inflection[edit]
Weak
Infinitive sēven
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive sēven
In genitive sēvens
In dative sēvene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular sēve
2nd singular sēefs, sēves
3rd singular sēeft, sēvet
1st plural sēven
2nd plural sēeft, sēvet
3rd plural sēven
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular sēve
2nd singular sēefs, sēves
3rd singular sēve
1st plural sēven
2nd plural sēeft, sēvet
3rd plural sēven
Imperative Present
Singular sēef, sēve
Plural sēeft, sēvet
Present Past
Participle sēvende
Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • “seven”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[2], 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “seven (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[3], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page I
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “seven (IV)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[4], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page IV

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English seofon

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Early ME) IPA(key): /ˈsøːvən/, /ˈsœvən/
  • IPA(key): /ˈsɛːvən/, /ˈsɛvən/

Numeral[edit]

Middle English numbers (edit)
 ←  6 7 8  → 
    Cardinal: seven
    Ordinal: sevenþe
    Multiplier: sevenefold

seven

  1. seven
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English swefn.

Noun[edit]

seven

  1. Alternative form of sweven

Scots[edit]

Numeral[edit]

seven

  1. Alternative form of seiven

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English seven.

Numeral[edit]

seven

  1. seven

Usage notes[edit]

Used when counting; see also sevenpela.


Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [seven]
  • Hyphenation: sev‧en

Adjective[edit]

seven (comparative daha seven, superlative en seven)

  1. loving, affectionate

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

seven (definite accusative seveni, plural sevenler)

  1. lover (somebody who loves)

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative seven
Definite accusative seveni
Singular Plural
Nominative seven sevenler
Definite accusative seveni sevenleri
Dative sevene sevenlere
Locative sevende sevenlerde
Ablative sevenden sevenlerden
Genitive sevenin sevenlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular sevenim sevenlerim
2nd singular sevenin sevenlerin
3rd singular seveni sevenleri
1st plural sevenimiz sevenlerimiz
2nd plural seveniniz sevenleriniz
3rd plural sevenleri sevenleri
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular sevenimi sevenlerimi
2nd singular sevenini sevenlerini
3rd singular sevenini sevenlerini
1st plural sevenimizi sevenlerimizi
2nd plural seveninizi sevenlerinizi
3rd plural sevenlerini sevenlerini
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular sevenime sevenlerime
2nd singular sevenine sevenlerine
3rd singular sevenine sevenlerine
1st plural sevenimize sevenlerimize
2nd plural seveninize sevenlerinize
3rd plural sevenlerine sevenlerine
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular sevenimde sevenlerimde
2nd singular seveninde sevenlerinde
3rd singular seveninde sevenlerinde
1st plural sevenimizde sevenlerimizde
2nd plural seveninizde sevenlerinizde
3rd plural sevenlerinde sevenlerinde
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular sevenimden sevenlerimden
2nd singular seveninden sevenlerinden
3rd singular seveninden sevenlerinden
1st plural sevenimizden sevenlerimizden
2nd plural seveninizden sevenlerinizden
3rd plural sevenlerinden sevenlerinden
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular sevenimin sevenlerimin
2nd singular seveninin sevenlerinin
3rd singular seveninin sevenlerinin
1st plural sevenimizin sevenlerimizin
2nd plural seveninizin sevenlerinizin
3rd plural sevenlerinin sevenlerinin

Antonyms[edit]