seven

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See also: Seven

English[edit]

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English numbers
70
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal : seven
    Ordinal : seventh
    Multiplier : septuple

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Arabic numerals: 7 (see for numerical forms in other scripts)
  • Roman numerals: VII
  • sev'n

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English [Term?], from Old English seofon (seven), from Proto-Germanic *sebun (seven), from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥ (seven). Cognate with Scots sevin (seven), West Frisian sân (seven), Saterland Frisian soogen (seven), Low German söven (seven), Dutch zeven (seven), German sieben (seven), Danish syv (seven), Norwegian sju (seven), Icelandic sjö (seven), Latin septem (seven), Ancient Greek ἑπτά (heptá, seven), Russian семь (semʹ), Sanskrit सप्तन् (saptán).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

seven

  1. (cardinal) A numerical value equal to 7; the number occurring after six and before eight.

Usage notes[edit]

Like other numerals, sometimes used postpositively in Late Middle English and Early Modern English, for exampleː

  • Sun and moon set in the heaven, with stars, and the planets seven. (The Towneley plays)

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

seven (countable and uncountable, plural sevens)

  1. The digit/figure 7 or an occurrence thereof.
    He wrote three sevens on the paper.
  2. (countable, card games) A card bearing seven pips.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Playing cards in English · playing cards (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
ace deuce, two three four five six seven
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
eight nine ten jack, knave queen king joker

Statistics[edit]

Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: political · reading · German · #776: seven · notice · week · stone

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Adjective[edit]

seven

  1. courteous

Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Numeral[edit]

seven

  1. Alternative form of zeuven (seven)

Middle Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch sivun, sivon, from Proto-Germanic *sebun, from earlier *sebunt, from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥, with -t added through influence of "nine" and "ten".

Numeral[edit]

sēven

  1. seven
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From sēve +‎ -en.

Verb[edit]

sēven

  1. to sift, to sieve
Inflection[edit]
Weak
Indicative Present Past
1st singular sēve sēefde
2nd singular sēefs, sēves sēefdes
3rd singular sēeft, sēvet sēefde
1st plural sēven sēefden
2nd plural sēeft, sēvet sēefdet
3rd plural sēven sēefden
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular sēve sēefde
2nd singular sēefs, sēves sēefdes
3rd singular sēve sēefde
1st plural sēven sēefden
2nd plural sēeft, sēvet sēefdet
3rd plural sēven sēefden
Imperative Present
Singular sēve
Plural sēeft, sēvet
Present Past
Participle sēvende gesēeft
Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • seven”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • seven (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • seven (IV)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English seven.

Numeral[edit]

seven

  1. seven

Usage notes[edit]

Used when counting; see also sevenpela.


Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [seven]
  • Hyphenation: sev‧en

Adjective[edit]

seven (comparative daha seven, superlative en seven)

  1. loving, affectionate

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

seven (definite accusative seveni, plural sevenler)

  1. lover (somebody who loves)

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]