सप्तन्

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *saptá, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *saptá, from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥. Cognate with Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬞𐬙𐬀 (hapta), Old Church Slavonic седмь (sedmĭ), Latvian septiņi, Latin septem, Ancient Greek ἑπτά (heptá), and Old English seofon (whence English seven).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /s̪ɐp.t̪ɐ́n̪/, [s̪ɐp̚.t̪ɐ́n̪]
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈs̪ɐp.t̪ɐn̪/, [ˈs̪ɐp̚.t̪ɐn̪]
  • Numeral[edit]

    Sanskrit numbers (edit)
    70
     ←  6
    7
    8  → [a], [b]
        Cardinal: सप्तन् (saptan), सप्त (sapta)

    सप्तन् (saptán)

    1. seven (a favourite number with the Hindus, and regarded as sacred, often used to express an indefinite plurality [in the same manner as "three", by which it is sometimes multiplied])

    Declension[edit]

    Irregular declension
    Nom. sg.
    Gen. sg.
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative सप्त (sapta)
    Vocative
    Accusative सप्त (sapta)
    Instrumental सप्तभिः (saptabhiḥ)
    Dative सप्तभ्यः (saptabhyaḥ)
    Ablative सप्तभ्यः (saptabhyaḥ)
    Genitive सप्तानाम् (saptānām)
    Locative सप्तसु (saptasu)

    Descendants[edit]