सप्तन्

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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *saptá, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *saptá, from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥. Cognate with Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬞𐬙𐬀 (hapta), Persian هفت (haft), Old Church Slavonic седмь (sedmĭ), Lithuanian septyni, Latvian septiņi, Latin septem, Ancient Greek ἑπτά (heptá), and Old English seofon (whence English seven).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Sanskrit numbers (edit)
70
 ←  6
7
8  → [a], [b]
    Cardinal: सप्तन् (saptan), सप्त (sapta)
    Ordinal: सप्तम (saptama)

सप्तन् (saptán)

  1. seven (a favourite number with the Hindus, and regarded as sacred, often used to express an indefinite plurality [in the same manner as "three", by which it is sometimes multiplied])

Declension[edit]

Irregular declension
Nom. sg.
Gen. sg.
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सप्त (sapta)
Vocative
Accusative सप्त (sapta)
Instrumental सप्तभिः (saptabhiḥ)
Dative सप्तभ्यः (saptabhyaḥ)
Ablative सप्तभ्यः (saptabhyaḥ)
Genitive सप्तानाम् (saptānām)
Locative सप्तसु (saptasu)

Descendants[edit]

All inherited descendants point to common Indo-Aryan *sattá, itself derived from this form (possibly including Mitanni-Aryan).