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Latin cardinal numbers
 <  VI VII VIII  > 
    Cardinal : septem
    Ordinal : septimus
    Adverbial : septiēs
    Distributive : septēnī
Latin Wikipedia article on septem

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Symbol: VII


From Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥. Cognates include Sanskrit सप्तन् (saptán), Ancient Greek ἑπτά (heptá), Old English seofon (English seven) and Old Church Slavonic седмь (sedmĭ).



septem (indeclinable)

  1. (cardinal) seven; 7
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 5.188–190
      at Nileus, qui se genitum septemplice Nilo ementitus erat, clipeo quoque flumina septem argento partim, partim caelaverat auro
      But Nileus, who falsely claimed he was born of the seven-fold Nile, had upon [his] shield the seven streams, part in silver and part engraved in gold
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.29.18
      quam diligens Iacob ait serviam tibi pro Rahel filia tua minore septem annis
      And Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I will serve thee seven years for Rachel thy younger daughter.

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  • septem in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • septem in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • septem in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • Solon, one of the seven sages: Solo, unus de septem (illis)