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English numbers (edit)
 ←  6 7 8  → 
    Cardinal: seven
    Ordinal: seventh
    Latinate ordinal: septenary
    Adverbial: seven times
    Multiplier: sevenfold
    Latinate multiplier: septuple
    Distributive: septuply
    Collective: sevensome
    Multiuse collective: septuplet
    Greek or Latinate collective: heptad
    Greek collective prefix: hepta-
    Latinate collective prefix: septua-
    Fractional: seventh
    Elemental: septuple
    Greek prefix: ebdomo-
    Number of musicians: septet
    Number of years: septennium


From Middle English seventhe, sefte, from Old English seofoþa, from Proto-West Germanic *sebundō, from Proto-Germanic *sebundô.



seventh (not comparable)

  1. The ordinal form of the number seven.
    Synonyms: 7th, 7th, VIIth, (in names of monarchs and popes) VII
    • 1644, Dudley Diggs, The Unlawfulnesse of Subjects Taking up Armes against their Soveraigne, in what Case ſoever, page 158:
      Sozomenus who wrote above twelve hundred years agoe, in his Seaventh Book relates from his own knowledge, that in the Churches of Cyprus and Arabia (places neer to Jeruſalem, and with the firſt frequented by Apoſtles) they had Biſhops in every Village ; and what could thoſe be more then Preſbyters?
    • 1659, J[ohn] M[ilton], Considerations Touching the Likeliest Means to Remove Hirelings out of the Church. [], London: [] T[homas] N[ewcombe] for L[ivewell] Chapman [], →OCLC, pages 57–58:
      [H]e, a lollard indeed over his elbovv-cuſhion, in almoſt the ſeaventh part of 40. or 50. years teaches them ſcarce half the principles of religion; and his ſheep oft-times ſit the vvhile to as little purpoſe of benifiting as the ſheep in thir pues at Smithfield; []

Derived terms[edit]



seventh (plural sevenths)

  1. The person or thing in the seventh position.
  2. One of seven equal parts of a whole.
  3. (music) A tone of the seventh degree from a given tone, the interval between two such tones, or the two tones sounding in unison.


Middle English[edit]



  1. Alternative form of seventhe