aut

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See also: AUT, Aut, aut', and aut-

Ladin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin altus.

Adjective[edit]

aut m (feminine singular auta, masculine plural auc, feminine plural autes)

  1. high

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewti (on the other hand), from *h₂ew. Cognate with Ancient Greek αὖ (), αὖτε (aûte), Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (auths). Confer with Latin autem, Ancient Greek αὐτός (autós), αὐτάρ (autár).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

aut

  1. or (exclusive or)
    Marcus ludos videbit aut dormiet.
    Marcus will watch the games or sleep [but not both].
    Aut Caesar, aut nihil.
    Either Caesar or nothing (figuratively: all or nothing)
    Aut disce aut discede.
    Either learn or go away.
    • 4th century, St Jerome, Vulgate, Tobit 3:19:
      et aut ego indigna fui illis aut illi mihi forsitan digni non fuerunt quia forsitan viro alio conservasti me
      And either I was unworthy of them, or they perhaps were not worthy of me: because perhaps thou hast kept me for another man,

Usage notes[edit]

  • This word is used in pairs (aut ... aut) to mean "either....or".
  • Unlike vel, this word implies an exclusive "or"; i.e., one option or the other, but not both.

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: o
  • Catalan: o
  • Esperanto:
  • French: ou
  • Galician: ou
  • Ido: o, od
  • Italian: o, od
  • Portuguese: ou
  • Romanian: au
  • Romansch: u
  • Spanish: o, u

References[edit]

  • aut in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aut in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aut” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • twenty years and more: viginti anni et amplius, aut plus
    • geographical knowledge: regionum terrestrium aut maritimarum scientia
  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic [Term?], from Proto-Balto-Slavic *aw-, from Proto-Indo-European *ew-, *ow- “to tie, to bind” > “to put on, to dress”. The original meaning was probably “to tie, to wrap (around the foot)”, whence “to put on (footwear)”. Cognates include Lithuanian aũti, Old Church Slavonic обути (obuti) (< *uti), Russian обуть (obút’), Belarusian абуць (abúc’), Ukrainian обути (obúty), Bulgarian обуя (obúja), Czech obouti, Polish obuć, Latin exuere (to take off) (< *ex-u-ere).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Verb[edit]

aut tr., 1st conj., pres. aunu, aun, aun / auju, auj, auj, past āvu

  1. put on footwear (shoes, boots, socks, etc.)
    zēns āva kājasthe boy put on footwear (lit. on his feet)
    aut kājas pastalāsto put on pastalas (simple footwear) (lit. to put one's feet into pastalas)
    aut kurpes kājasto put on shoes (lit. to put shoes on one's feet)
  2. nosēdos uz akmens un gribēju aut kājas, bet kurpes bija ļoti sabristas — I sat down on a rock and wanted to put shoes on (lit. to put (my) feet (into shoes)), but the shoes were very wet
    Žanis āva kājās stulmeņu zābakusŽanis put the long boots on (his) feet
  3. (figuratively, with kājas) to prepare for a journey (lit. to put on footwear)
    un tūliņ ķēniņš aun kājas savu sievu meklētand quickly the king puts on footwear to go looking for his wife

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Note that aut can take two complements, the footwear or the subject's feet. Either can be the direct object, in which case the other will be a locative complement (i.e., either "to put shoes on one's feet" or "to put one's feet into shoes").

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “aut”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Middle Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

aut

  1. second-person singular imperfect indicative of mynet

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Sursilvan) ault
  • (Sutsilvan) òlt
  • (Surmiran, Puter, Vallader) ot

Etymology[edit]

From Latin altus.

Adjective[edit]

aut m (feminine singular auta, masculine plural auts, feminine plural autas)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun) high

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English out.

Noun[edit]

aut m (Cyrillic spelling аут)

  1. (sports) area outside the playground borders