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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. away from, off
  2. again

Derived terms[edit]


  • Balto-Slavic: *au[4]
    • Latvian: au (out of)
    • Lithuanian: au (out of)
    • Slavic: *u (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *aw[5]
    • Welsh: o (of), hou (of)
    • Old Irish: o (of)
  • Hellenic: [Term?]
    • Ancient Greek: αὖ ()[2]
      • Ancient Greek: αὖτε (aûte, again, on the other hand, on the contrary)
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hu (zero-grade)
    • Indo-Aryan: *Hu
      • Sanskrit: (u)
  • Italic: [Term?]


  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 73
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “αὖ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 167
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “aut”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 64
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*u”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 506
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*aw”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 46
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “auþja-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 43