Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ew

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Adverb[edit]

*h₂ew[1][2][3][4][5]

  1. away from, off
  2. again

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₂ew-o-[3]
  • *h₂ew-ti-[3]
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: aut, autem
      • Oscan: [script needed] (avt, aut)
      • Umbrian: [script needed] (ute, ote)
  • *h₂ew-to-[2]
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
  • *h₂ew-tyo-[6]
    • Germanic: *auþaz (empty) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: [Term?]

Descendants[edit]

  • Balto-Slavic: *au[4]
    • Latvian: au (out of)
    • Lithuanian: au (out of)
    • Slavic: *u (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *aw[5]
    • Welsh: o (of), hou (of)
    • Old Irish: o (of)
  • Hellenic: [Term?]
    • Ancient Greek: αὖ ()[2]
      • Ancient Greek: αὖτε (aûte, again, on the other hand, on the contrary)
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hu (zero-grade)
    • Indo-Aryan: *Hu
      • Sanskrit: (u)
  • Italic: [Term?]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 73
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “αὖ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 167
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “aut”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 64
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*u”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 506
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*aw”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 46
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “auþja-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 43