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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



*welh₁- (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to choose
  2. to want


  • *welh₁-d-
    • Ancient Greek: *ἐϝέλδομαι (*ewéldomai)
  • *welh₁-p-

Derived terms[edit]

  • *welh₁-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Proto-Italic: *welō
      • Latin: volō (see there for further descendants)
      • Latin: vel (< *wels (2nd person present indicative))
      • Faliscan: vel (< *wels (2nd person present indicative))
      • Unsorted formationes:
        • Umbrian: ehueltu (participle perfect)
  • *wélh₁-ye-ti (ye-present)
    • Lithuanian: viltis (to hope)
    • Proto-Germanic: *wiljaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *wl̥h₁-yé-ti (ye-present)
    • Ancient Greek: λῶ (, to wish)
  • *wolh₁-éye-ti (causative)
  • *wl̥nh₁-tóy
  • *wolh₁-o-s (resultative noun)
  • Unsorted formations:

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN